Ancient literary sources ETOLOAKARNANIA (Prefecture) GREECE - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

Location information

Listed 51 sub titles with search on: Ancient literary sources  for wider area of: "ETOLOAKARNANIA Prefecture GREECE" .


Ancient literary sources (51)

Bacchylides

Euripides

Identified with the location:

Homeric Oechalia (Strabo, Geography)

There is also a village Oechalia in the Eretrian territory, the remains of the city which was destroyed by Heracles; it bears the same name as the Trachinian Oechalia and that near Tricce, and the Arcadian Oechalia, which the people of later times called Andania, and that in Aetolia in the neighborhood of the Eurytanians.

Pausanias

Achelous

ACHELOOS (River) ETOLOAKARNANIA
One, falling into the sea by the Echinadian islands, flows through Acarnania and Aetolia, and is said by Homer in the Iliad to be the prince of all rivers.

Amphilochians

AMFILOCHIA (Ancient area) ETOLOAKARNANIA
The Amphilochians are Epeirotes

Molycria

MOLYKRIA (Ancient city) NAFPAKTOS
All agree that Ctimenus and Antiphus, the sons of Ganyctor, fled from Naupactus to Molycria because of the murder of Hesiod, that here they sinned against Poseidon, and that in Molycria their punishment was inflicted.

Perseus Encyclopedia

Acarnania

AKARNANIA (Ancient area) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Colonized by Acarnan and Amphoterus, in N.W. Greece.

Actium

AKTION (Ancient port) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Battle of.

Amphilochians

AMFILOCHIA (Ancient area) ETOLOAKARNANIA
A people called after Amphilochus.

Anactorium

ANAKTORION (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Colony of Corinth.

Molycrium

ANTIRRION (Ancient city) NAFPAKTOS
Such was his advice, and at the same time he led them on the voyage from Naupactus to Molycrium.

Oechalia

P. Ovidius Naso, Metamorphoses

Oeniadae

INIADES (Ancient city) IERA POLIS MESSOLONGIOU
City of Acarnania, captured by Messenians of Naupactus, evacuated by them.

Calydon (Kalydon)

KALYDON (Ancient city) IERA POLIS MESSOLONGIOU
City in Aetolia, Oeneus king of, the Calydonian boar, Herakles woos Deianira at, Tydeus flees from, Alcmaeon goes to, spring Callirhoe at, population transferred by Augustus to Nicopolis, Calydonians worship Artemis above all gods.

Naupaktos (Naupactus)

NAFPAKTOS (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
City of Ozolian Locrians, origin of the name, ships built by Temenus at, Dorians cross from Naupactus to Peloponnese, Hesiod murdered at, wrested by Athenians from Ozolian Locrians and given to Messenians, used as base of operations against Peloponnese, garrison of, rites of Cabiri imitated at.

Pleuron

PLEVRON (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
City in Aetolia, severed from Achaean confederacy.

Stratos

STRATOS (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
City of Acarnania.

Strabo

Agraeans

AGREA (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Now the Aetolians and the Acarnanians border on one another, having between them the Achelous River, which flows from the north and from Pindus on the south through the country of the Agraeans, an Aetolian tribe, and through that of the Amphilochians, the Acarnanians holding the western side of the river as far as that part of the Ambracian Gulf which is near Amphilochi and the temple of the Actian Apollo, but the Aetolians the eastern side as far as the Ozalian Locrians and Parnassus and the Oetaeans.

The Evenus River begins in the territory of those Bomians who live in the country of the Ophians, the Ophians being an Aetolian tribe (like the Eurytanians and Agraeans and Curetes and others), and flows at first, not through the Curetan country, which is the same as the Pleuronian, but through the more easterly country, past Chalcis and Calydon; and then, bending back towards the plains of Old Pleuron and changing its course to the west, it turns towards its outlets and the south.

Curetes were named after the mountain Curium, which is situated about Pleuron, and also that this is an Aetolian tribe, like the Ophians and the Agraeans and the Eurytanians and several others.

Leucas

AKARNANIA (Ancient area) ETOLOAKARNANIA
In early times Leucas was a peninsula of Acarnania, but the poet calls it shore of the mainland, using the term mainland for the country which is situated across from Ithaca and Cephallenia; and this country is Acarnania.

Taphos, Taphians, Teleboans

They say that the people who were called both Taphians and Teleboans lived in Acarnania in earlier times, and that their leader Cephalus, who had been set up by Amphitryon as master over the islands about Taphos, gained the mastery over this country too.

Actium

AKTION (Ancient port) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Beginning at the mouth of the Ambracian Gulf the first place which belongs to the Acarnanians is Actium. The temple of the Actian Apollo bears the same name, as also the cape which forms the mouth of the Gulf and has a harbor on the outer side.(Strabo 10,2,7)

Halicyrna

ALIKARNA (Ancient city) IERA POLIS MESSOLONGIOU
the village Halicyrna, above which thirty stadia in the interior, lies Calydon

Alyzia

ALYZIA (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
As for cities, those of the Acarnanians are .. also other cities, Palaerus, Alyzia, Leucas, Argos Amphilochicum, and Ambracia, most of which, or rather all, have become dependencies of Nicopolis.

Next after Leucas one comes to Palaerus and Alyzia, cities of Acarnania; of these, Alyzia is fifteen stadia distant from the sea, where is a harbor sacred to Heracles and a sacred precinct. It is from this precinct that one of the commanders carried to Rome the "Labours of Heracles," works of Lysippus, which were lying out of place where they were, because it was a deserted region. Then one comes to Cape Crithote, and the Echinades, and the city Astacus, which bears the same name as the city near Nicomedeia and Gulf Astacenus, the name being used in the feminine gender. Crithote also bears the same name as one of the little cities in the Thracian Chersonesus. All parts of the coast between these places have good harbors.

Amphilochians, Amphilochi

AMFILOCHIA (Ancient area) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Now the Aetolians and the Acarnanians border on one another, having between them the Achelous River, which flows from the north and from Pindus on the south through the country of the Agraeans, an Aetolian tribe, and through that of the Amphilochians, the Acarnanians holding the western side of the river as far as that part of the Ambracian Gulf which is near Amphilochi and the temple of the Actian Apollo.

Anactorium

ANAKTORION (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
As for cities, those of the Acarnanians are Anactorium, which is situated on a peninsula near Actium and is a trading center of the Nicopolis of today, which was founded in our times.

Antirrhium

ANTIRRION (Ancient city) NAFPAKTOS
Then one comes to the mountain Taphiassus; then to the city Macynia; then to Molycreia and, near by, to Antirrhium, the boundary between Aetolia and Locris, to which the distance from the Evenus is about one hundred and twenty stadia.

Argos Amphilochicum

ARGOS AMFILOCHIKON (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
As for cities, those of the Acarnanians are .. also other cities, Palaerus, Alyzia, Leucas, Argos Amphilochicum, and Ambracia, most of which, or rather all, have become dependencies of Nicopolis.

Astacus

ASTAKOS (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Next after Leucas one comes to Palaerus and Alyzia, cities of Acarnania; of these, Alyzia is fifteen stadia distant from the sea, where is a harbor sacred to Heracles and a sacred precinct. It is from this precinct that one of the commanders carried to Rome the "Labours of Heracles," works of Lysippus, which were lying out of place where they were, because it was a deserted region. Then one comes to Cape Crithote, and the Echinades, and the city Astacus, which bears the same name as the city near Nicomedeia and Gulf Astacenus, the name being used in the feminine gender. Crithote also bears the same name as one of the little cities in the Thracian Chersonesus. All parts of the coast between these places have good harbors.

Chalcis, Hypochalcis

CHALKIS (Ancient city) NAFPAKTOS
The cities of the Aetolians.. above Molycreia are Taphiassus and Chalcis, rather high mountains, on which were situated the small cities Macynia and Chalcis, the latter bearing the same name as the mountain, though it is also called Hypochalcis.

Acarnanians & Aetolians

ETOLOAKARNANIA (Prefecture) GREECE
At the present time both the Acarnanians and the Aetolians, like many of the other tribes, have been exhausted and reduced to impotence by their continual wars. However, for a very long time the Aetolians, together with the Acarnanians, stood firm, not only against the Macedonians and the other Greeks, but also finally against the Romans, when fighting for autonomy.(Strabo 10,2,23)

Evenus River

EVINOS (River) ETOLOAKARNANIA
The Evenus River begins in the territory of those Bomians who live in the country of the Ophians, the Ophians being an Aetolian tribe (like the Eurytanians and Agraeans and Curetes and others), and flows at first, not through the Curetan country, which is the same as the Pleuronian, but through the more easterly country, past Chalcis and Calydon; and then, bending back towards the plains of Old Pleuron and changing its course to the west, it turns towards its outlets and the south. In earlier times it was called Lycormas.

Oeneiadae

INIADES (Ancient city) IERA POLIS MESSOLONGIOU
As for cities, those of the Acarnanians are.. Oeneiadae, which is also on the river--the old city, which is equidistant from the sea and from Stratus, being uninhabited, whereas that of today lies at a distance of about seventy stadia above the outlet of the river.

Oeniadae

Then one comes to Oeniadae and the Achelous; then to a lake of the Oeniadae, called Melite, which is thirty stadia in length and twenty in breadth; and to another lake, Cynia, which is twice the size of Melite, both in length and in breadth; and to a third, Uria, which is much smaller than those. Now Cynia empties into the sea, but the others lie about half a stadium above it (Strab. 10,2,21).

Conopa, Arsinoe

KONOPAS (Ancient city) IERA POLIS MESSOLONGIOU
Near it (Olenus) was Lysimachia; this, too, has disappeared; it was situated by the lake now called Lysimachia, in earlier times Hydra, between Pleuron and the city Arsinoe. In earlier times Arsinoe was only a village, and was called Conopa, but it was first founded as a city by Arsinoe, who was both wife and sister of Ptolemy the Second; it was rather happily situated at the ford across the Achelous.

LYSSIMACHIA (Ancient city) IERA POLIS MESSOLONGIOU
Near it (Olenus) was Lysimachia; this, too, has disappeared; it was situated by the lake now called Lysimachia, in earlier times Hydra, between Pleuron and the city Arsinoe. In earlier times Arsinoe was only a village, and was called Conopa, but it was first founded as a city by Arsinoe, who was both wife and sister of Ptolemy the Second; it was rather happily situated at the ford across the Achelous.

Macynia

MAKYNIA (Ancient city) NAFPAKTOS
Among the early cities Macynia and Molycreia, were founded even later than the return of the Heracleidae.

Olenus

OLENOS (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
The poet also names Olenus and Pylene as Aetolian cities. Of these, the former, which bears the same name as the Achaean city, was razed to the ground by the Aeolians; it was near New Pleuron, but the Acarnanians claimed possession of the territory. The other, Pylene, the Aeolians moved to higher ground, and also changed its name, calling it Proschium. Hellanicus does not know the history of these cities either, but mentions them as though they too were still in their early status; and among the early cities he names Macynia and Molycreia, which were founded even later than the return of the Heracleidae, almost everywhere in his writings displaying a most convenient carelessness.. But Olenus, which Homer mentions in the Aetolian catalogue, was in Aetolia, though only traces of it are left, near Pleuron at the foot of Aracynthus.

Palaerus

PALEROS (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Next after Leucas one comes to Palaerus and Alyzia, cities of Acarnania; of these, Alyzia is fifteen stadia distant from the sea, where is a harbor sacred to Heracles and a sacred precinct. It is from this precinct that one of the commanders carried to Rome the "Labours of Heracles," works of Lysippus, which were lying out of place where they were, because it was a deserted region. Then one comes to Cape Crithote, and the Echinades, and the city Astacus, which bears the same name as the city near Nicomedeia and Gulf Astacenus, the name being used in the feminine gender. Crithote also bears the same name as one of the little cities in the Thracian Chersonesus. All parts of the coast between these places have good harbors.

Pleuron

PLEVRON (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Aetolia also has a very large mountain, Corax, which borders on Oeta; and it has among the rest of its mountains, and more in the middle of the country than Corax, Aracynthus, near which New Pleuron was founded by the inhabitants of the Old, who abandoned their city, which had been situated near Calydon in a district both fertile and level, at the time when Demetrius, surnamed Aetolicus, laid waste the country; above Molycreia are Taphiassus and Chalcis, rather high mountains, on which were situated the small cities Macynia and Chalcis, the latter bearing the same name as the mountain, though it is also called Hypochalcis.

Pylene, Proschium

PYLINI (Ancient city) NAFPAKTOS
The poet also names Olenus and Pylene as Aetolian cities. Of these, the former, which bears the same name as the Achaean city, was razed to the ground by the Aeolians; it was near New Pleuron, but the Acarnanians claimed possession of the territory. The other, Pylene, the Aeolians moved to higher ground, and also changed its name, calling it Proschium.. Pylene has also suffered a fate similar to that of Olenus. When the poet calls Calydon both "steep" and "rocky," one should interpret him as referring to the country; for, as I have said, they divided the country into two parts and assigned the mountainous part, or Epictetus, to Calydon and the level country to Pleuron.

Stratus

STRATOS (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
As for cities, those of the Acarnanians are .. Stratus, where one may sail up the Achelous River more than two hundred stadia. Stratus is situated about midway of the road between Alyzia and Anactorium

Trichonium

TRICHONION (Ancient city) IERA POLIS MESSOLONGIOU
The Old Aetolia was the seacoast extending from the Achelous to Calydon, reaching for a considerable distance into the interior, which is fertile and level; here in the interior lie Stratus and Trichonium, the latter having excellent soil.

Myrtuntium

VOULKARIA, LAKE (Lake) VONITSA
Between Leucas and the Ambracian Gulf is a salt lake, called Myrtuntium (Strab. 10.2.21).

Thucydides

Molycrium

ANTIRRION (Ancient city) NAFPAKTOS
The Athenians gave chase and captured twelve ships, and taking most of the men out of them sailed to Molycrium.

Vergilius

Oechalia

ICHALIA (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
P. Vergilius Maro, Aeneid

You are able to search for more information in greater and/or surrounding areas by choosing one of the titles below and clicking on "more".


GTP Headlines

Receive our daily Newsletter with all the latest updates on the Greek Travel industry.

Subscribe now!

Ferry Departures

Promotions