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Listed 67 sub titles with search on: Ancient literary sources for wider area of: "ACHAIA Prefecture GREECE" .

Ancient literary sources (67)

Identified with the location:

DONOUSSA (Ancient city) ACHAIA

Homeric Gonussa

When Peisistratus collected the poems of Homer, which were scattered and handed down by tradition, some in one place and some in another, then either he or one of his colleagues perverted the name through ignorance.

KAFKONIS (Ancient city) DYMI

Homeric Dyme

When Antimachus calls Dyme "Cauconian," some interpret "Cauconian" as an epithet derived from the Cauconians, since the Cauconians extended as far as Dyme, as I have already said above, but others as derived from a River Caucon.

STRATOS (Ancient city) ACHAIA

Homeric Dyme

Next comes Dyme, a city without a harbor, the farthest of all towards the west, a fact from which it takes its name. But in earlier times it was called Stratos.


FARES (Ancient city) PATRA


  Pharae, a city of the Achaeans, belongs to Patrae, having been given to it by Augustus. The road from the city of Patrae to Pharae is a hundred and fifty stades, while Pharae is about seventy stades inland from the coast. Near to Pharae runs the river Pierus, which in my opinion is the same as the one flowing past the ruins of Olenus, called by the men of the coast the Peirus. Near the river is a grove of plane-trees, most of which are hollow through age, and so huge that they actually feast in the holes, and those who have a mind to do so sleep there as well... I could not discover whether the founder of Pharae was Phares, son of Phylodameia, daughter of Danais, or someone else with the same name.

This extract is from: Pausanias. Description of Greece (ed. W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., & H.A. Ormerod, 1918). Cited Oct 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.

Perseus Encyclopedia

ACHAIA (Ancient country) GREECE


A country, named after Aegialeus, son of Inachus.

Aegialus, Aigialus

District of Peloponnese, afterwards called Sicyonia, old name of Achaia.

Achaia, Achaea

History of, anciently called Aegialus, boundaries, less devastated by war and pestilence than rest of Greece, Roman governor of, Olenus in.

ANTHIA (Ancient city) ACHAIA


City of Achaia.


ARGEATHES (Ancient small town) KALAVRYTA


Place in Arcadia.

ARGYRA (Ancient city) RIO


City of Achaia.

AROI (Ancient city) PATRA


Old name of Patrae.

ARVA (Ancient city) RIO


City of Achaia.



Mountains in Arcadia.

DONOUSSA (Ancient city) ACHAIA


Town of Achaia.



Cape in Achaia.

DYMI (Ancient city) PATRA


A town in Achaea, anciently called Palea, annexed by Augustus to Patrae, Aratus defeated by Cleomenes at.

EGES (Ancient city) ACHAIA


City of Achaia.

EGHION (Ancient city) ACHAIA

Achaean League

Its origin, meetings held at Aegium, joined by Sicyon and other Peloponnesian states, directed against Lacedaemon, opposed by Lacedaemonians, causes destruction of Corinth, ruined by its generals, dissolved by Romans but afterwards restored, dedicates statue of Hadrian.


City of Achaia, Achaean diet meets at.

EGIRA (Ancient city) ACHAIA

Hyperesia, Aegira

City of Achaia, called Hyperesia by Homer.

ELIKI (Ancient city) EGIALIA


An Achaean town on the Gulf of Corinth, Ionians besieged in H. by Achaeans, destroyed by earthquake.

ERINEO (Ancient city) PATRA


Α place in Doris, harbour of E. in Achaia.



Mount of Arcadia, the boar of, overcome by Herakles, tusks of Erymanthian boar at Cumae, old name of Psophis.


River of Arcadia, tributary of Alpheus, temple and image of E.

EVRYTIAI (Ancient city) PATRA


City of Achaia.

KERYNIA (Ancient city) ACHAIA


City of Achaia, receives settlers from Mycenae.


Clitor (Kleitor)

City of Arcadia, founded by Clitor, boundaries of its territory.



Mountain and river of Arcadia and Achaia.

KYNETHA (Ancient city) ACHAIA


City of Arcadia, Cynaethians dedicate image of Zeus at Olympia.

LEFKASSION (Ancient small town) KALAVRYTA


Place in Arcadia.



Place in Arcadia.

LYKOUS (Ancient small town) ACHAIA


Place in Arcadia.



Place in Arcadia. It is probable that the ancient Lycuria was towards the norhern slope of the Mount Saitas and not at the same location as the small town Lycuria of today. Wherever it was, its name meant " the place of the wolf" (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p. 250, note 2).

MESSATIS (Ancient city) PATRA


City of Achaia.



Place in Arcadia.



City of Arcadia, near the "water of Styx."

OLENOS (Ancient city) PATRA


City of Achaia, sack of, Herakles goes to Dexamenus at.

PALIA (Ancient city) DYMI


A town in Achaea, anciently called Palea.

PANORMOS (Ancient port) RIO


Harbour of Achaea.

PAOS (Ancient city) KALAVRYTA


Hamlet in Arcadia.

PATRAI (Ancient city) ACHAIA

Patrai (Patrae)

City of Achaia, founded by Patreus, made Roman colony by Augustus, its extension, cities of Locris made dependent on it by Augustus, its women twice as many as its men, Patreans worship Laphria, help Aetolians against Gauls.


Old name of Patrae.

PIRAI (Ancient city) PATRA


City of Achaia.

PSOFIS (Ancient city) ACHAIA


City of Arcadia, its boundaries, the Erymanthian boar at, Alcmaeon at, the sons of Alcmaeon at, Psophidians dedicate image of Zeus and statues of Naxian Leonidas, Lampus, and another at Olympia.


Old name of Psophis.

RION (Ancient city) RIO


Cape in Achaia, Dorians cross to, sacrifice to Poseidon at.

RYPES (Ancient city) EGIALIA


City of Achaia, destroyed by Augustus, its ruins.

SIRES (Ancient city) KALAVRYTA


Place in Arcadia, boundary between Clitor and Psophis.



Place in Arcadia.

STYX (Waterfall) EGIALIA

TRITEA (Ancient city) PATRA

Tritia or Tritaea

City of Achaia, once reckoned to Arcadia.

VOLINA (Ancient city) ACHAIA


City of Achaia.

VOURA (Ancient city) DIAKOPTO


City of Achaia.



Cape Araxos

In the Eleian country, on the north, is a cape, Araxus, sixty stadia distant from Dyme, an Achaean city. This cape, then, I put down as the beginning of the seaboard of the Eleians.

DYMI (Ancient city) PATRA


   And he ( Hecataeus of Miletus) says, further, that Dyme is an Epeian and an Achaean city. However, the early historians say many things that are not true, because they were accustomed to falsehoods on account of the use of myths in their writings; and on this account, too, they do not agree with one another concerning the same things. Yet it is not incredible that the Epeians, even if they were once at variance with the Eleians and belonged to a different race, later became united with the Eleians as the result of prevailing over them, and with them formed one common state; and that they prevailed even as far as Dyme. For although the poet has not named Dyme, it is not unreasonable to suppose that in his time Dyme belonged to the Epeians, and later to the Ionians, or, if not to them, at all events to the Achaeans who took possession of their country.

This extract is from: The Geography of Strabo (ed. H. L. Jones, 1924), Cambridge. Harvard University Press. Cited Dec 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.

ELIKI (Ancient city) EGIALIA

When Pyrrhus made his expedition to Italy, (280 BC) four cities came together and began a new league, among which were Patrae and Dyme; and then they began to add some of the twelve cities, except Olenus and Helice, the former having refused to join and the latter having been wiped out by a wave from the sea. For the sea was raised by an earthquake and it submerged Helice, and also the temple of the Heliconian Poseidon, whom the Ionians worship even to this day, offering there the Pan-Ionian sacrifices. And, as some suppose, Homer recalls this sacrifice when he says:
"but he breathed out his spirit and bellowed, as when a dragged bull bellows round the altar of the Heliconian lord."
And they infer that the poet lived after the Ionian colonization, since he mentions the Pan-Ionian sacrifice, which the Ionians perform in honor of the Heliconian Poseidon in the country of the Prienians; for the Prienians themselves are also said to be from Helice; and indeed as king for this sacrifice they appoint a Prienian young man to superintend the sacred rites. But still more they base the supposition in question on what the poet says about the bull; for the lonians believe that they obtain omens in connection with this sacrifice only when the bull bellows while being sacrificed. But the opponents of the supposition apply the above-mentioned inferences concerning the bull and the sacrifice to Helice, on the ground that these were customary there and that the poet was merely comparing the rites that were celebrated there. Helice was submerged by the sea two years before the battle at Leuctra. And Eratosthenes says that he himself saw the place, and that the ferrymen say that there was a bronze Poseidon in the strait, standing erect, holding a hippo-campus in his hand, which was perilous for those who fished with nets. And Heracleides says that the submersion took place by night in his time, and, although the city was twelve stadia distant from the sea, this whole district together with the city was hidden from sight; and two thousand men who had been sent by the Achaeans were unable to recover the dead bodies; and they divided the territory of Helice among the neighbors; and the submersion was the result of the anger of Poseidon, for the lonians who had been driven out of Helice sent men to ask the inhabitants of Helice particularly for the statue of Poseidon, or, if not that, for the model of the temple; and when the inhabitants refused to give either, the Ionians sent word to the general council of the Achaeans; but although the assembly voted favorably, yet even so the inhabitants of Helice refused to obey; and the submersion resulted the following winter; but the Achaeans later gave the model of the temple to the lonians. Hesiod mentions still another Helice, in Thessaly.(Strabo 8.7.1-3)

This extract is from: The Geography of Strabo (ed. H. L. Jones, 1924), Cambridge. Harvard University Press. Cited June 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.

KAFKONIA (Homeric land) ILIA


There are several accounts of the Cauconians; for it is said that, like the Pelasgians, they were an Arcadian tribe, and, again like the Pelasgians, that they were a wandering tribe. At any rate, the poet tells us that they came to Troy as allies of the Trojans. But he does not say whence they come, though they seem to have come from Paphlagonia; for in Paphlagonia there is a people called Cauconiatae whose territory borders on that of the Mariandyni, who are themselves Paphlagonians. But I shall speak of them at greater length when I come to my description of that region. At present I must add the following to my account of the Cauconians in Triphylia. Some say that the whole of what is. now called Eleia, from Messenia as far as Dyme, was called Cauconia. Antimachus, at any rate, calls all the inhabitants both Epeians and Cauconians.

Others, however, say that the Cauconians did not occupy the whole of Eleia, but lived there in two separate divisions, one division in Triphylia near Messenia, and the other in Buprasis and Coele Elis near Dyme. And Aristotle has knowledge of their having been established at this latter place especially. And in fact the last view agrees better with what Homer says, and furnishes a solution of the question asked above, for in this view it is assumed that Nestor lived in the Triphylian Pylus, and that the parts towards the south and east (that is, the parts that are contiguous to Messenia and the Laconian country) were subject to him; and these parts were held by the Cauconians, so that if one went by land from Pylus to Lacedaemon his journey necessarily must have been made through the territory of the Cauconians; and yet the temple of the Samian Poseidon and the mooring-place near it, where Telemachus landed, lie off towards the northwest.

So then, if the Cauconians live only here, the account of the poet is not conserved; for instance, Athene, according to Sotades, bids Nestor to send Telemachus to Lacedaemon "with chariot and son" to the parts that lie towards the east, and yet she says that she herself will go to the ship to spend the night, towards the west, and back the same way she came, and she goes on to say that "in the morning" she will go "amongst the great-hearted Cauconians" to collect a debt, that is, she will go forward again. How, pray? For Nestor might have said: "But the Cauconians are my subjects and live near the road that people travel to Lacedaemon. Why, therefore, do you not travel with Telemachus and his companions instead of going back the same way you came?"

And at the same time it would have been proper for one who was going to people subject to Nestor to collect a debt--"no small debt," as she says--to request aid from Nestor, if there should be any unfairness (as is usually the case) in connection with the contract; but this she did not do. If, then, the Cauconians lived only there, the result would be absurd; but if some of the Cauconians had been separated from the rest and had gone to the regions near Dyme in Eleia, then Athene would be speaking of her journey thither, and there would no longer be anything incongruous either in her going down to the ship or in her withdrawing from the company of travellers, because their roads lay in opposite directions. And similarly, too, the puzzling questions raised in regard to Pylus may find an appropriate solution when, a little further on in my chorography, I reach the Messenian Pylus.

Since certain people in Triphylia near Messenia are called Cauconians, and since Dyme also is called Cauconian by some writers, and since in the Dymaean territory between Dyme and Tritaea there is also a river which is called Caucon, in the feminine gender, writers raise the question whether there are not two different sets of Cauconians, one in the region of Triphylia, and the other in the region of Dyme, Elis, and the River Caucon. This river empties into another river which is called Teutheas, in the masculine gender; Teutheas has the same name as one of the little towns which were incorporated into Dyme, except that the name of this town, "Teuthea," is in the feminine gender, and is spelled without the s and with the last syllable long. In this town is the temple of the Nemydian Artemis. The Teutheas empties into the Achelous which flows by Dyme and has the same name as the Acarnanian river. It is also called the "Peirus"; by Hesiod

the poet (Homer) seems to designate a certain territory in the country of the Epeians which was held by the Cauconians, these Cauconians being a different set from those in Triphylia and perhaps extending as far as the territory of Dyme. Indeed, one should not fail to inquire both into the origin of the epithet of Dyme, "Cauconian," and into the origin of the name of the river "Caucon,"



But Mantineia itself, as also Orchomenus, Heraea, Cleitor, Pheneus, Stymphalus, Maenalus, Methydrium, Caphyeis, and Cynaetha, no longer exist; or else traces or signs of them are scarcely to be seen.

RYPES (Ancient city) EGIALIA


As for the remaining cities, or divisions, of the Achaeans, one of them, Rhypes, is uninhabited, and the territory called Rhypis was held by the people of Aegium and the people of Pharae.

TEFTHEA (Ancient city) PATRA


The River Caucon empties into another river which is called Teutheas, in the masculine gender; Teutheas has the same name as one of the little towns which were incorporated into Dyme, except that the name of this town, "Teuthea," is in the feminine gender, and is spelled without the s and with the last syllable long.


PATRAI (Ancient city) ACHAIA


However, while they (Peloponneseans) were coasting along their own shore, there were the Athenians sailing along in line with them; and when they tried to cross over from Patrae in Achaea to the mainland on the other side, on their way to Acarnania, they saw them again coming out from Chalcis and the river Evenus to meet them.

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