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Location information

Listed 72 sub titles with search on: Various locations for wider area of: "ARCADIA Prefecture PELOPONNISOS" .

Various locations (72)

Ancient authors' reports


Plain of Orchomenus

The rain-water, flowing through a deep gully between the city and Mount Trachy, descends to another Orchomenian plain, which is very considerable in extent, but the greater part of it is a lake.

MANTHYREA (Ancient city) TEGEA

The Manthuric plain

In Arcadia.



Place near Mantinea.

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

The Tegeans say that in the time of Tegeates, son of Lycaon, only the district got its name from him, and that the inhabitants dwelt in parishes, Gareatae, Phylacenses, Caryatae, Corythenses, Potachidae, Oeatae, Manthyrenses, Echeuethenses. But in the reign of Apheidas a ninth parish was added to them, namely Apheidantes.

The place of Zeus Clarius

The lofty place, on which are most of the altars of the Tegeans, is called the place of Zeus Clarius (Of Lots), and it is plain that the god got his surname from the lots cast for the sons of Arcas. Here the Tegeans celebrate a feast every year. It is said that once at the time of the feast they were invaded by the Lacedaemonians. As it was snowing, these were chilled, and thus distressed by their armour, but the Tegeans, without their enemies knowing it, lighted a fire. So untroubled by the cold they donned, they say, their armour, went out against the Lacedaemonians, and had the better of the engagement.

Ancient place-names


Acacesian Hill

After crossing the river it is two stades from the Alpheius to the ruins of Macareae, from these to the ruins of Daseae seven stades, and seven again from Daseae to the hill called Acacesian Hill. At the foot of this hill used to be a city Acacesium.

AKRA (Settlement) TEGEA


Hill near Tegea.


Stream in Arcadia.



Mountain of Arcadia.

ASSEA (Ancient city) VALTETSI

Boreus Mountain

Astrum town

Astrum (Astron: Astro). A town in Cynuria on the coast, and the first town in Argolis towards the frontiers of Laconia. It is mentioned by Ptolemy alone (iii. 16. § 11), but is conjectured by Leake to have been the maritime fortress in the building of which the Aeginetae were interrupted by the Athenians in the eighth year of the Peloponnesian war. (Thuc. iv. 57.) The place was situated on a promontory, which retains its ancient name. Here there are still considerable remains of an ancient wall. (Leake, Morea, vol. ii. p. 484, seq.; Ross, Peloponnes, p. 162.)


Garates River

River of Arcadia.



One of the men who introduced mysteries of Great Goddesses into Megalopolis, plain of.


Mountain of Arcadia.

IREA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Korakon Nasos

It was the name of the place where the Ladon met with the Alpheus (Paus. 8,25,12). Heraea was to the East of this place.

KAFYES (Ancient city) LEVIDI


  Oligyrtus (Oligurtos, Polyb. iv. 11, 70; Onogurtos, Plut. Cleom. 26), a mountain and fortress situated in a pass between Stymphalus and Caphyae. Leake places it on a small advanced height of Mt. Skipezi, projecting into the Stymphalian plain, on the crest of which are the foundations of a Hellenic wall, formed of large quadrangular stones. (Leake, Morea, vol. iii. p. 114; Boblaye, Recherches, &c. p. 154; Curtius, Peloponnesos, vol. i.p. 217.)


Alcimedon plain

Plain near Mantinea.



Mountain in Arcadia.

Leuconian fountain

There is on the way to Tegea a fountain called Leuconian.

KROMI (Ancient city) FALESSIA


Place in Arcadia.


Anchisia Mountain

Mountain of Arcadia.


The flat area to the east of Levidi, where in 370 BC a battle between Mantineans and Orchomenians took place. Xenophon refers to this battle (Hell. 6,5,13) (Ekd. Athinon, Pausanias’ Periegissis, vol. 4, p. 222, note 1).


Place in Arcadia.



Anemosa (Anemasa), a village of Arcadia in the district Maenalia on the Helisson near Zibovisi. (Pans. viii. 35. § 9; Leake, Peloponnesiaca, p. 238.)

LYKEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Lycaeus Mountain

Lycaeus (Lukaios). A lofty mountain in Arcadia, northwest of Megalopolis, one of the chief seats of the worship of Zeus and of Pan, each of whom was therefore called Lycaens.



A spring.


Ophis river

River at Mantinea.

Pelagus forest

Oak-wood near Mantinea, referred to in ambiguous oracle.

Untilled plain

After crossing into Mantinean country over Mount Artemisius you will come to a plain called the Untilled Plain, whose name well describes it, for the rain-water coming down into it from the mountains prevents the plain from being tilled.

Alesius mountain




Hill at Megalopolis.

Bathyllus spring

Spring at Megalopolis.


Place near Megalopolis.

MENALIA (Ancient area) ARKADIA

Maenalus plain

Plain in Arcadia, cities of.


  Ladoceia (ta Ladokeia), a place in Arcadia, in the district Maenalia, and, after the building of Megalopolis, a suburb of that city, was situated upon the road from the latter to Pallantium and Tegea. Here a battle was fought between the Mantineians and Tegeatae, B.C. 423, and between the Achaeans and Cleomenes, B.C. 226. Thucydides calls it Laodicium (Laodikion) in Oresthis. (Paus. viii. 44. § 1; Thuc. iv. 134; Pol. ii. 51, 55.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited July 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Thaumasius Mountain

Mountain of Arcadia.

Three Ways

Meetings of, place in Arcadia.


Maloetas river

River of Arcadia.



Place in Arcadia.


Philippium spring

For it is said that by this Nestane Philip made an encampment, and the spring here they still call Philippium after the king.

The Dancing Floor of Maera

By Nestane there lies, on lower ground, about . . . itself too forming part of the Untilled Plain, and it is called the Dancing Floor of Maera.



Spring in Arcadia .


Mount Trachy

Opposite the city is Mount Trachy (Rough).

Caphyatic Rock

On the road to Pheneus you will come to a mountain. On this mountain meet the boundaries of Orchomenus, Pheneus and Caphya. Over the boundaries extends a high crag, called the Caphyatic Rock.

Teneae springs

Springs near Orchomenus in Arcadia.



Near Pallantium, dyke serving as dam.

The plain of Pallantium

The plain of Pallantium you reach by turning aside to the left from the Dyke.



Place in Arcadia.


Oak forest in Arcadia (Paus. 8,25,1). In that forest there was a shrine of Aphrodite Erycine (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p.275, note 4).



Place in Arcadia.


Spring in Arcadia.



Place near Mantinea.


Place in district of Megalopolis.

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Tegeatikon Pedion (Tegeatic Plain)

  The territory of Tegea N. of the city, towards Mantineia, is a plain of considerable size, and is usually called the Tegeatic plain (Tegeatikon pedion). There was a smaller plain, separated from the former by a low range of mountains S. of Tripolitza, and lying between Tegea and Pallantium: it was called the Manthyric plain (Manthurikon pedion), from Manthyrea, one of the ancient demi of Tegea, the ruins of which are situated SW. of Tegea, on a slope of Mt. Boreium. (Paus. viii. 44. § 7, comp. viii. 45. § 1, 47. § 1; Steph. B. s. v. Manthurea.) The remainder of the Tegeatis on the E. and S. is occupied by the mountains separating it from Argolis and Sparta respectively, with the exception of a small plain running eastward from the Tegeatic plain to the foot of Mt. Parthenium, and probably called the Corythic plain, from Corytheis, one of the ancient demi of Tegea, which was situated in this plain. (Paus. viii. 45. § 1, 54. § 4.)
  The plain of Tegea having no natural outlet for its waters is drained by natural chasms through the limestone mountains, called katavothra. Of these the two most important are at the modern village of Persova and at the marsh of Taki. The former is situated in the Corythic plain above mentioned, at the foot of Mt. Parthenium, and the latter is the marsh in the Manthyric plain. SW. of Tegea. The chief river in the district is now called the Sarantapotamos, which is undoubtedly the Alpheius of Pausanias (viii. 54. § 1, seq.). The Alpheius rose on the frontiers of Tegea and Sparta, at a place called Phylace (Phulake, near Krya Vrysis), one of the ancient demi of Tegea, and, as we may infer from its name, a fortified watch-tower for the protection of the pass. A little beyond Phylace the Alpheius receives a stream composed of several mountain torrents at a place named Symbola (Sumbola); but upon entering the plain of Tegea its course was different in ancient times. It now flows in a north-easterly direction through the plain, receives the river of Dhuliana (the ancient Garates, Garates, Paus. viii. 54. § 4), flows through the Corythic plain, and enters the katavothra at Persona/. Pausanias, on the other hand, says (viii. 54. § 2) that the Alpheius descends into the earth in the Tegeatic plain, reappears near Asea (SW. of Tegea), where, after joining the Eurotas, it sinks a second time into the earth, and again appears at Asea. Hence it would seem that the Alpheius anciently flowed in a north a north-westerly direction, and entered the katavothra at the marsh of Taki, in the Manthyric plain. There is a tradition among the peasants that the course of the river was changed by a Turk, who acquired property in the neighbourhood, because the katavothra at the Taki did not absorb quickly enough the waters of the marsh. The Garates therefore anciently flowed into the katavothra at Persova without having any connection with the Alpheius. It probably derived its name from Garea or Gareae, one of the ancient demi of Tegea, which may have been situated at the village of Dhuliana. (Ross, Peloponnes, p. 70, seq.; Leake, Peloponnesiaca, p. 112, seq.)

This extract is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

The fountain where Auge was outraged by Heracles

To the north of the temple is a fountain, and at this fountain they say that Auge was outraged by Heracles.



Place in Arcadia.



Place in Arcadia.

Bathos, a place of Arcadia in the district Parrhasia, between Trapezus and Basilis. Near to a neighbouring fountain called Olympias fire was seen to issue from the ground. In the ravine, which Pausanias indicates by the name bathos, the earth burnt for several years about 30 or 40 years ago, but without any flames.



Place in Arcadia.

The river Arsen (=male)

River of Arcadia.


Place in valley of Alpheus.


Nympasia spring

It is to the east of the village and it is thought to be the spring that is mentioned by Pausanias (8,36,4). (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p. 328, note 5).



Mountain of Arcadia.

Anemosa village

Anemosa (Anemasa), a village of Arcadia in the district Maenalia on the Helisson near Zibovisi. (Pans. viii. 35. § 9; Leake, Peloponnesiaca, p. 238.)

Mountain peaks

KAFYES (Ancient city) LEVIDI

Mount Cnacalus

Mountain of Arcadia.


Alalcomenia spring

Spring in Arcadia.

KAFYES (Ancient city) LEVIDI


A little beyond the city is a spring, and by the spring grows a large and beautiful plane tree. They call it Menelais, saying that the plane was planted by the spring by Menelaus, who came to the spot when he was collecting his army against Troy. To-day they give the name Menelais to the spring as well as to the plane.



The Aroanius river

River at Psophis, near Pheneus, sometimes called Olbius, tributary of Ladon, spotted fish of.

Aroanius (Aroanios), the name of three rivers in Arcadia.
1. Or Olbius (Olbios), called Anias (Anias) by Strabo, a river rising in the mountains to the north of Pheneus, and falling into some caverns called katavothra, near the latter city. When these caverns happened to be blocked up, the waters of the river overflowed the whole plain, and communicated with the Ladon and the Alpheius. (Strab. viii. p. 389; Paus. viii. 14. § 3, 15. § 6.)
2. (Katzana), a tributary of the Ladon, and flowing past the western side of Cleitor. (Paus. viii. 19. § 4, 21. § 1.) Polybius (iv. 70), without mentioning the name of the river, properly describes it as an impetuous torrent from the neighbouring mountains. The trout in the Aroanius are said to have sung like thrushes. (Paus. viii. 21. § 2; Athen. viii. p. 331, e.; Plin. ix. 19; Leake, Morea, vol. ii. pp. 241,263, seq.) This river rose in the Aroanian mountains (ore Aroania, Paus. viii. 18. § 7), now called Khelmos, which is 7726 feet in height. (Leake, Peloponnesiaca, p. 203.)
3. A tributary of the Erymanthus, flowing on one side of Psophis. (Paus. viii. 24. § 3.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Clitor (Kleitor)

River of Arcadia. It is the river Mostitseiko of today.


River of Arcadia.


River, tributary of Ladon.

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