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Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
A small island of the Aegaean Sea, off the coast of Troas, of
an importance very disproportionate to its size, on account of its position near
the mouth of the Hellespont, from which it is about twelve miles distant. It appears
in the legend of the Trojan War as the station to which the Greeks withdrew their
fleet, in order to induce the Trojans to think that they had departed, and to
receive the wooden horse. In the Persian War it was used by Xerxes as a naval
station. It afterwards became a tributary ally of Athens, and adhered to her during
the whole of the Peloponnesian War, and down to the peace of Antalcidas, by which
it was surrendered to the Persians. At the Macedonian conquest the Tenedians regained
their liberty. The women of the island were noted for their beauty.
This text is cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Perseus: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)
Tenedos (Eth. Tenedios: Tenedo, Turk. Bogdsha-Adassi). An island off
the coast of Troas, from which its distance is only 40 stadia, while from Cape
Sigeum it is 12 miles distant. (Strab. xiii. p. 604; Plin. ii. 106, v. 39.) It
was originally called Leucophrys, from its white cliffs, Calydna, Phoenice, or
Lyrnessus (Strab. l. c.; Paus. x. 14. § 3; Steph. B. s. v. Tenedos; Eustath. ad
Hom. Il. p. 33; Plin. l. c.), and was believed to have received the name of Tenedos
from Tennes, a son of Cycnus (Strab. viii. p. 380; Diod. v. 83; Conon, Narrat.
28; Cic. in Verr. i. 1. 9). The island is described as being 80 stadia in circumference,
and containing a town of the same name, which was an Aeolian settlement, and situated
on the eastern coast. (Herod. i. 149; Thucyd. vii. 57.) The town possessed two
harbours, one of which was called Boreion (Arrian, Anab. ii. 2. § 2; Scylax, p.
35, who, however, notices only one), and a temple of the Smynthian Apollo. (Strab.
l. c.; Hom. Il. i. 38, 452.) In the Trojan legend, the island plays a prominent
part, and at an early period seems to have been a place of considerable importance,
as may be inferred from certain ancient proverbial expressions which owe their
origin to it, such as Tenedios pelekus (Steph. B. s. v.; Apostol. xviii. 28; Diogenian.
viii. 58; comp. Cic. ad Quint. Frat. ii. 1. 1), Tenedios anthropos (Zenob. vi.
9; Eustath. ad Dionys. 536), Tenedios hauletes (Steph. B. s. v.; Plut. Quaest.
Gr. 28), Tenedion kakon (Apostol. x. 80), and Tenedios xunegoros (Steph. B. s.
v.). The laws and civil institutions of Tenedos seem to have been celebrated for
their wisdom, if we may credit Pindar, whose eleventh Nemean ode is inscribed
to Aristagoras, a prytanis or chief magistrate of the island. We further know
from Stephanus B. that Aristotle wrote on the polity of Tenedos. During the Persian
wars the island was taken possession of by the Persians (Herod. vi. 31), and during
the Peloponnesian War it sided with Athens and paid tribute to her (Thuc. l. c.
ii. 2), which seems to have amounted to 3426 drachmae every year. (Franz, Elem.
Epigraph. n. 52.) Afterwards, in B.C. 389, Tenedos was ravaged by the Lacedaemonians
for its fidelity to Athens (Xen. Hist. Gr. v. 1. 6); but though the peace of Antalcidas
gave up the island to Persia, it yet maintained its connection with Athens. (Demosth.
c. Polycl. p. 1223, c. Theocr. p. 1333.) In the time of Alexander the Great, the
Tenedians threw off the Persian yoke, and, though reconquered by Pharnabazus,
they soon again revolted from Persia. (Arrian, Anab. ii. 2, iii. 2.) During the
wars of Macedonia with the Romans, Tenedos, owing to its situation near the entrance
of the Hellespont, was an important naval station. (Polyb. xvi. 34, xxvii. 6;
Liv. xxxi. 16, xliv. 28.) In the war against Mithridates, Lucullus fought a great
naval battle near Tenedos. (Plut. Luc. 3; Cic. p. Arch. 9, p. Mur. 15.) In the
time of Virgil, Tenedos seems to have entirely lost its ancient importance, and,
being conscious of their weakness, its inhabitants had placed themselves under
the protection of Alexandria Troas (Paus. x. 14. § 4). The favourable situation
of the island, however, prevented its utter decay, and the emperor Justinian caused
granaries to be erected in it, to receive the supplies of corn conveyed from Egypt
to Constantinople. (Procop. de Aed. v. 1.) The women of Tenedos are reported to
have been of surpassing beauty. (Athen. xiii. p. 609.) There are but few ancient
remains in the island worthy of notice.
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)