Information about the place KARATAS (Town) TURKEY - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)


MAGARSOS (Ancient city) TURKEY
  Magarsus, or Megarsus (Magarsa, Magarsos, Megarsos), a town in the eastern part of Cilicia, situated on a height close to the mouth of the river Pyramus. (Strab. xiv. p. 676.) Alexander, previous to the battle of Issus, marched from Soli to Megarsus, and there offered sacrifices to Athena Megarsis, and to Amphilochus, the son of Amphiaraus, the reputed founder of the place. (Arrian, Anab. ii. 5.) It seems to have formed the port of Mallus (Steph. Byz. s. v. Magarsos; Lycoph. 439; Plin. H. N. v. 22). The hill on which the town stood now bears the name of Karadash, and vestiges of ancient buildings are still seen upon it. (Leake, Asia Minor, p. 215, foil.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


MALLOS (Ancient city) TURKEY
  Mallus (Mallos: Eth. Mallotes), an ancient city of Cilicia, which, according to tradition, was founded in the Trojan times by the soothsayers Mopsus and Amphilochus. (Strab. xiv. p. 67 5, &c.; Arrian, Anab. ii. 5.) It was situated near the mouth of the river Pyramus, on an eminence opposite to Megarsus, as we must infer from Curtius (iii. 7), who states that Alexander entered the town after throwing a bridge across the Pyramus. Mallus therefore stood on the eastern bank of the river. According to Scylax (p. 40) it was necessary to sail up the river a short distance in order to reach Mallus; and Mela (i. 13) also states that the town is situated close upon the river; whence Ptolemy (v. 8. § 4) must be mistaken in placing it more than two miles away from the river. Mallus was a town of considerable importance, though it does not appear to have possessed any particular attractions. Its port-town was Magarsa, though in later times it seems to have had a port of its own, called Portus Palorum (Geogr. Nub. p.195; Sanut. Secret. Fid. ii. 4, 26, whence we learn that in the middle ages it continued to be called Malo; comp. Callim. Fragm. 15; Appian, Mithrid. 96; Dionys. Per. 875; Ptol. viii. 17. § 44; Plin. H. N. v. 22; Stadiasm. Mar. M. §§ 151, 152; Leake, Asia Minor, pp. 216, &c.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities


(Mallos). A very ancient city of Cilicia, on a hill east of the mouth of the river Pyramus, said to have been founded at the time of the Trojan War by Mopsus and Amphilochus.

Perseus Project index

The Catholic Encyclopedia

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites


  The probable site, discovered in 1950 at the junction of the old and new beds of the river Ceyhan (Pyramos), is 29 km SW of Mopsuestia near modern Kiziltahta. A city coin type of two river gods swimming in opposite directions was a useful clue to identification; for while the Ceyhan now flows E into the Gulf of Issos, the city's port of Magarsos is almost certainly the walled settlement near Karatas, at the mouth of the river's original (though now dry) W course. Near Kiziltahta were found a Roman bridge, an inscription referring to the city of Mallos, and very numerous carved blocks in secondary use.
  Mallos' claim to Amphilochos, son of Amphiaraos, as founder was partly substantiated by long and vigorous tradition and partly by Alexander's remission of tribute after his conquest of Cilicia in recognition of the city's Argive origin. For its fidelity to the Seleucid cause, Mallos became Antioch on the Pyramos under Antiochos IV, but dropped the title in the 2d c. B.C. to enjoy a limited autonomy. In 67 B.C. it was among the cities settled by Pompey with ex-pirates, and under the empire piled up honorific titles to keep up with its rivals. It even engaged in a ridiculous boundary dispute with Tarsus, metropolis of Cilicia Prima. It duly became a bishopric, but disappeared from history after the Arab conquest.

M. Gough, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.

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