Listed 3 sub titles with search on: Information about the place
for destination: "SEVASTIA
Information about the place (3)
The Catholic Encyclopedia
- The Catholic Encyclopedia (1908)
The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites
This is almost certainly the same as Megalopolis, which Pompey founded
(64 B.C.) in the southernmost region of Mithridates' former kingdom. Parts of
the city's large territory were transferred by Antony to Comana Pontica and to
the Galatian chieftain Ateporix. At a later stage Megalopolis belonged to Pythodoris
of Pontus. The name Sebasteia is likely to commemorate a refoundation when the
city was annexed to Galatia between 2-1 B.C. and A.D. 1-2. Sebasteia had metropolitan
status from the time of Verus. In Diocletian's reorganization of the provinces
it became metropolis of Armenia Prima.
Sebasteia evidently lay at or near modern Sivas on the Kizil Irmak
(Halys fl.). Excavation on the citadel of Topraktepe in Sivas has revealed nothing
Roman, and the exact site remains to be discovered.
D. R. Wilson, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites,
Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from
Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)
Sebasteia, a town in the south of Pontus, on the north bank of the
Upper Halys. As it was near the frontier, Pliny (vi. 3) regards it as not belonging
to Pontus, but to Colopene in Cappadocia. (Ptol. v. 6. § 10; Hierocl. p. 702;
It. Ant. pp. 204, 205.) The town existed as a small place before the dominion
of the Romans in those parts, but its ancient name is unknown. Pompey increased
the town, and gave it the name of Megalopolis (Strab. xii. p. 560). The name Sebastia
must have been given to it before the time of Pliny, he being the first to use
it. During the imperial period it appears to have risen to considerable importance,
so that in the later division of the Empire it was made the capital of Armenia
Minor. The identity of Sebastia with the modern Siwas is established partly by
the resemblance of the names, and partlyby the agreement of the site of Siwas
with the description of Gregory of Nyssa, who states that the town was situated
in the valley of the Halys. A small stream, moreover, flowed through the town,
and fell into a neighbouring lake, which communicated with the Halys (Orat. I.
in XL. Mart. p. 501, Orat. II. p. 510; comp. Basil. M. Epist. viii.). In the time
of the Byzantine empire Sebasteia is mentioned as a large and flourishing town
of Cappadocia (Nicet. Ann. p. 76; Ducas, p. 31); while Stephanus B. (s. v.) and
some ecclesiastical writers refer it to Armenia. (Sozom. Hist. Eccl. iv. 24; Theodoret.
Hist. Eccl. ii. 24.) In the Itinerary its name appears in the form of Sevastia,
and in Abulfeda it is actually written Siwas. The emperor Justinian restored its
decayed walls. (Procop. de Aed. iii. 4.) The town of Siwas is still large and
populous, and in its vicinity some, though not very important, remains of antiquity
are seen. (Fontanier, Voyages en Orient. i. p. 179, foil.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)
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