Tilos. An island situated between Rhodes and Nisyros. Pliny (4.23.3) says that its older name was Agathousa. The. early settlers of Tilos were Dorians. Tilos joined Rhodes in the foundation of Gela during the 7th c. B.C. (Hdt. 7.153). It appears in the tribute lists in 427-426 B.C. The acropolis and the town lie at Megalo Chorio to the N of the island. They are protected by a fortification system, probably early Hellenistic. At Kastello, near modern Livadhia, there is a steep area protected by a fortification wall and a round Hellenistic tower. Tilos possesses a collection of Classical and Hellenistic sculpture and inscriptions.
D. Schilardi, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
Telos (Telos: Eth. Telios: Dilos or Piscopia), a small rocky island in the Carpathian sea, between Rhodus and Nisyrus, from the latter of which its distance is only 60 stadia, Strabo (x. p. 488) describes it as long and high, and abounding in stones fit for millstones. Its circumference was 80 stadia, and it contained a town of the same name, a harbour, hot springs, and a temple of Poseidon. The attribute long given to it by Strabo is scarcely correct, since the island is rather of a circular form. The family of the Sicilian tyrant Gelon originally came from Telos. (Herod. vii. 153.) According to Pliny (iv. 69) the island was celebrated for a species of ointment, and was in ancient times called Agathussa. (Steph. B. s. v. Telos; Scylax, p. 38; Stadiasm. Mar. Magni, § 272.) The town of Telos was situated on the north coast, and remains of it are still seen above the modern village of Episcopi. The houses, it appears, were all built in terraces rising above one another, and supported by strong walls of unhewn stone. The acropolis, of which likewise a few remains exist, was at the top, which is now occupied by a mediaeval castle. Inscriptions have been found in Telos in great numbers, but, owing to the nature of the stone, many of them are now illegible. (Comp. Ross, Hellenica, i. p. 59, foll., Reisen auf den Griech. Inseln, iv. p. 42, foll.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Although small, this island situated to the south of Nisyros captures
the imagination of anyone interested in paleontology, for here there once lived
a prehistoric dwarf elephant, whose skeletons were found in one of its caves.
The capital of Tilos is Megalo Horio (literally Big Village), located in the interior to the north of the island. It is built like an amphitheatre on a hillside, topped by a ruined castle erected by the Knights. The village occupies the site of the ancient town, whose remains can still be seen scattered among the houses.
Some 2.5 kilometres west of Megalo Horio, you can visit the monastery of Agios Antonios, while 6.5 kilometres to the northwest is another monastery with guesthouse - dedicated to Agios Panteleimon. Lush greenery surrounds this walled 18th century edifice Tilos' s main port is Livadia, southeast of Megalo Horio. The island' s best beaches are at Livadia, Agios Antonios, Plaka and Erysto (2.5 km from Megalo Horio).
This text is cited October 2004 from the Dodekanissos Development Enterprise. URL below, which contains images.
Tilos is situated between the islands of Nisyros
and Halki, at a distance
of 290 nautical miles from the port of Piraeus.
It has an area of 64 square kms and a coastline of 63 kms.
Mythology has it that the island received its name from Tilo, the youngest son of Telchinidas Alias and Helios. On this island Tilo gathered therapeutic plants for his ill wife and later built a temple there and became the priest of the temple. Recognizing the charm of the myth the truth about the name is however, life for most of the Greek islands, that it has and unknown pre-Hellenic origin.
The gentle poet Irinna, thought to be equal to the famous Sapfo, was born and lived on Tilos till her death at a very early age.
The ancient city was also named Tilos and was located in the area of “Kastro”- Castle of the Great Village. It had a famous temple dedicated to Pythios Apollo and to Poliada Athena, upon whose ruins was built the church of the “Taxiarch”- Archangel Michael in the post-Byzantine period. During Hellenistic times Tilos was subject to the influence of the mighty state of Rhodes and is finally incorporated into it and follows the political history of the Dodecanese group.
Today the island has 300 inhabitants but earlier it had many more for there are many settlements of which only Megalo Chorio (the capital of the island) and Livadia (today’s port) are presently inhabited. The inhabitants of “Mikro Chorio”- Small Village, which was probably built during the age of the Knights, began to abandon the village during the 1930’s. Some left the island altogether whilst other relocated to Livadia which saw rapid development until it became the port of Tilos.
Today, Tilos is trying to keep its few remaining inhabitants from leaving with development projects centered on tourism, which will coexist with traditional primary production such as agriculture, animal farming, bee-keeping and fishing.
Tilos desplays many worthwhile sites for the visitor. In the capital there is the wonderful church of the Taxiarch, with its masterfully carved wooden temple, pulpit and throne. The most important pilgrimage sit is located in the northwestern part of the island and is the monastery of St. Panteleimon. Tilos is an ideal place for quiet holidays.
(Text: Manolis Makris)
This text (extract) is cited February 2004 from the Dodekanissos Union of Municipalities & Communities pamphlet.
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