gtp logo

Location information

Listed 8 sub titles with search on: Information about the place  for wider area of: "AVIA Municipality MESSINIA" .

Information about the place (8)

Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)


ALAGONIA (Ancient city) AVIA
A town of Laconia near the Messenian frontier, belonging to the Eleuthero-Lacones, containing temples of Dionysus and Artemis. This town was distant 30 stadia from Gerenia, but its site is unknown.


AVIA (Ancient city) KALAMATA
  he Abia: nr. Zarnata. A town of Messenia, on the Messenian gulf, and a little above the woody dell, named Choerius, which formed the boundary between Messenia and Laconia in the time of Pausanias. It is said to have been the same town as the Ira of the Iliad (ix. 292), one of the seven towns which Agamemnon offered to Achilles, and to have derived its later name from Abia, the nurse of Hyllus, the son of Hercules. Subsequently it belonged, with Thuria and Pharae, to the Achaean League. It continued to be a place of some importance down to the reign of Hadrian, as we learn from an extant inscription of that period.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


GERINIA (Ancient city) AVIA
  Gerenia, (Paus., Steph. B. s. v.); ta Gerena (Strab.); Gerenos (Hes. Fragm. 22): Eth. Gerenios. A town of Messenia, where Nestor was said to have been brought up after the destruction of Pylos, and whence he derived the surname Gerenian, which occurs so frequently in Homer. There is, however, no town of this name in Homer, and many of the ancient critics identified the later Gerenia with the Homeric Enope. (Il. i. 150; Pans. iii. 26. § 9; Strab. viii. p. 360.) Under the Roman empire Gerenia was the most northerly of the Eleuthero-Laconian towns, and was situated on the eastern side of the Messenian gulf, upon the mountainous promontory now called Cape Kephali. It possessed a celebrated sanctuary of Machaon, which bore the name of Rhodon. Pausanias says that in the district of Gerenia there was a mountain called Calathium, upon which there was a sanctuary of Claea, and close to the latter a cavern, of which the entrance was narrow, though within there were many things worthy to be seen. (Paus. iii. 26. § 11.) This cavern is undoubtedly the one noticed by Leake, which is situated at the head of a little valley behind the beach of Kitries, and immediately under a rocky gorge in the mountains: at present the entrance is not narrow, but it appears to have been widened to make it more convenient for a sheep-fold, for which purpose it is at present used. Leake observed two or three sepulchral niches in the side of the cliffs about the valley. Two very ancient inscriptions discovered at Gerenia are published by Bockh. (Corp. Inscr. no. 13, 42.)
  Gerenia is placed by the French Commission at Zarnta, about three miles from the coast, where a castle built by the Franks rests upon very ancient foundations. But Leake observes that the words of Pausanias (iii. 26. § 11) - I erenias de hos es eesopsaian ano triakonta atechei stadious Alapsonia - leave little or no doubt that Gerenia was a maritime town, and that it is now represented by Kitries on the coast. He further supposes that Zarnata is the site of Alagonia. But since the most ancient towns in Greece were almost universally built at some distance from the coast, it is not improbable that the acropolis and the original town of Gerenia stood at Zarnata, but that the town itself was afterwards removed to the coast.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities


AVIA (Ancient city) KALAMATA
A town of Messenia on the Messenian Gulf, and at one time a member of the Achaean League.

Local government Web-Sites

Municipality of Avia

AVIA (Municipality) MESSINIA

Local government WebPages


ALAGONIA (Ancient city) AVIA
Alagonia is considered to be the extensive mountainous area in the west part of the mountain range of Taygetos, on the borders between the provinces of Messinia and Lakonia and includes the villages of Alagonia, Artemisia, Ladas, Karveli, Nedousa and Piges which were named Pisinohoria during the turkish rule. It got its name from the ancient city Alagonia which belonged to the Eleftherolakones (=free Lakones) in Mani. at Artemisia and in the area of Volimos there was the famous Temple of Limnatidos Artemidos where the incident between Messinian men and the women from ancient Sparta took place in the early 8th century B.C. and caused the Peloponnesean wars(740-460 B.C). During the Roman era, it had become a part of the «Public of the Freelakones».

This extract is cited Oct 2002 from the Messenia Prefecture Tourism Promotion Commission URL below.

Present location

It is suggested that the ancient city is located near the Anatoliko village.

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites


A site occupied in mediaeval times by the fortress of Zarnata, S of the modern town of Kambos on the Mani peninsula. Pausanias (3.26.11) lists it among the Free Lakonian cities and mentions Sanctuaries of Dionysos and Artemis. There are traces of polygonal masonry in the facade of the fortress.

M. H. Mc Allister, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Oct 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.

You are able to search for more information in greater and/or surrounding areas by choosing one of the titles below and clicking on "more".

GTP Headlines

Receive our daily Newsletter with all the latest updates on the Greek Travel industry.

Subscribe now!
Greek Travel Pages: A bible for Tourism professionals. Buy online

Ferry Departures