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Information about the place (3)
Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
Often called Pellana, a town in Lucania on the Eurotas, northwest of Sparta.
- Perseus: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)
he Pellana, ta Pellana, Pellene. A town of Laconia, on the Eurotas,
and on the road from Sparta to Arcadia. It was said to have been the residence
of Tyndareos, when he was expelled from Sparta, and was subsequently the frontier-fortress
of Sparta on the Eurotas, as Sellasia was on the Oenus. Polybius describes it
(iv. 81) as one of the cities of the Laconian Tripolis, the other two being probably
Carystus and Belemina. It had ceased to be a town in the time of Pausanias, but
he noticed there a temple of Asclepius, and two fountains, named Pellanis and
Lanceia. Below Pellana, was the Characoma (Charakoma), a fortification or wall
in the narrow part of the valley; and near the town was the ditch, which according
to the law of Agis, was to separate the lots of the Spartans from those of the
Perioeci. (Plut. Agis, 8) Pausanias says that Pellana was 100 stadia from Belemina;
but he does not specify its distance from Sparta, nor on which bank of the river
it stood. It was probably on the left bank of the river at Mt. Burlia, which is
distant 55 stadia from Sparta, and 100 from Mt. Khelmos, the site of Belemina.
Mt. Burlia has two peaked summits, on each of which stands a chapel; and the bank
of the river, which is only separated from the mountain by a narrow meadow, is
supported for the length of 200 yards by an Hellenic wall. Some copious sources
issue from the foot of the rocks, and from a stream which joins the river at the
southern end of the meadow, where the wall ends. There are still traces of an
aqueduct, which appears to have carried the waters of these fountains to Sparta.
The acropolis of Pellana may have occupied one of the summits of the mountain,
but there are no traces of antiquity in either of the chapels.
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)
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