Information about the place KARYTENA (Village) GORTYS - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 23 sub titles with search on: Information about the place  for wider area of: "KARYTENA Village GORTYS" .


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Educational institutions WebPages

Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)

Gortys

GORTYS (Ancient city) ARCADIA
Gortys or Gortyna (Gortus, Gortuna), a town of Arcadia in the district Cynuria, situated near the river Gortynius (Gortunios), also called Lusius (Lousios) nearer its sources, which was a tributary of the Alpheius, and was remarkable for the coldness of its waters. The town is said to have been founded by Gortys, a son of Stymphalus, and is described by Pausanias as a village in his time, though it had formerly been a considerable city. Most of its inhabitants were removed to Megalopolis upon the foundation of the latter city in B.C. 371; but it must have continued to be a place of some importance, since Polybius says that it was taken by Euripidas, the general of the Eleians, in the Social War, B.C. 219. At that time it was subject to Thelpusa. It contained a celebrated temple of Asclepius, built of Pentelic marble, and containing statues of Asclepius and Hygieia by Scopas. Cicero alludes to this temple, when he says (de Nat. Deer. iii. 22) that near the river Lusius was the sepulchre of one of the Aeculapii, of whom he reckoned three. Its ruins are seen upon a height near the village of Atzikolo. There are still remains of its principal gate and of its walls, consisting of polygonal masonry.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited May 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Lycaea

LYKEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA
...There was another Lycoa not far from the Alpheius, near its junction with the Lusius or Gortynius, at the foot of Mt. Lycaeus.It has been conjectured that the proper name of the latter of these towns was Lycaea, since Pausanias (viii. 27. § 4) speaks of the Lycaeatae (Lukaiatai) as a people in the district of Cynuria, and Stephanus mentions a town Lycaea (Lukaia). (Leake, Morea, vol. ii. p. 304.)

This extract is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited May 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Maatha

MARATHA (Ancient city) GORTYS
  Maatha (Maratha), a village of Arcadia, in the district Cynuria, between Buphagium and Gortys, perhaps represented by the ruin called the Castle of Leodhoro. (Paus. viii. 28. § 1; Leake, Morea, vol. ii. p. 66, Peloponnesiaca, p. 232.)

Rhaeteae

RETEES (Ancient city) GORTYS
Rhaeteae (Rhaiteai), a place in the Arcadian district of Cynuria, at the confluence of the Gortynius and Alpheius. (Pans. viii. 28. § 3.)

Trapezus

TRAPEZOUS (Ancient city) GORTYS
  Trapezus (Trapezous,-ountos: Eth. Trapezountios), a town of Arcadia, in the district Parrhasia, a little to the left of the river Alpheius, is said to have derived its name from its founder Trapezeus, the son of Lycaon, or from trapeza (trapeza), a table, because Zeus here overturned the table on which Lycaon offered him human food. (Paus. viii. 3. § § 2, 3; Apollod. iii. 8. § 1.) It was the royal residence of Hippothous, who transferred the seat of government from Tegea to Trapezus. On the foundation of Megalopolis, in B.C. 371, the inhabitants of Trapezus refused to remove to the new city; and having thus incurred the anger of the other Arcadians, they quitted Peloponnesus, and took refuge in Trapezus on the Pontus Euxeinus, where they were received as a kindred people. The statues of some of their gods were removed to Megalopolis, where they were seen by Pausanias. Trapezus stood above the modern Mavria. (Paus. viii. 5. § 4, 27. § § 4-6, viii. 29. § 1, 31. § 5; Herod. vi. 127; Steph. B. s. v.; Leake, Morea, vol. ii. p. 292; Ross, Reisen im Peloponnes, vol. i. p. 90.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Basilis

VASSILIS (Ancient city) GORTYS
Basilis: Eth. Basilites, a town of Arcadia in the district Parrhasia, on the Alpheius, said to have been founded by the Arcadian king Cypselus, and containing a temple of the Eleusinian Demeter. It is identified by Kiepert in his map with the Cypsela mentioned by Thucydides. There are a few remains of Basilis near Kyparissia.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited May 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Buphagium

VOUFASSION (Ancient city) GORTYS
Bouphagion. A town of Arcadia, in the district Cynuria, situated near the sources of the river Buphagus (Bouphagos), a tributary of the Alpheius, which formed the boundary between the territories of Heraea and Megalopolis. It is placed by Leake at Papadha, and by Boblaye, near Zula-Sarakini.

Brenthe

VRENTHI (Ancient city) GORTYS
Brenthe: Brenthaios, Brenthieus, a town of Arcadia in the district Cynuria, near the right bank of the river Alpheius, and on a small tributary called Brentheates (Brentheates), only 5 stadia in length. It corresponds to the modern Karitena.

Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities

Maratha

MARATHA (Ancient city) GORTYS
A town of Arcadia at the source of the Buphagus.

Trapezous

TRAPEZOUS (Ancient city) GORTYS
   A city of Arcadia, on the Alpheus, the name of which was mythically derived from the trapeza, or altar, on which Lycaon was said to have offered human sacrifices to Zeus. At the time of the building of Megalopolis, the inhabitants of Trapezus, as was alleged, rather than be transferred to the new city, migrated to the shores of the Euxine, and their city fell to ruin.

This text is cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Local government WebPages

Perseus Project

Gortys

GORTYS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Kotilion, Kotilon, Cotilum

KOTILION (Mountain) GORTYS
On the mountain at Vasses there is a temple of Apollo Epicurius (Helper). Also, a temple of Artemis and a temple of Aphrodite have been excavated in other locations.

TRAPEZOUS (Ancient city) GORTYS

Bouphagion, Buphagium

VOUFASSION (Ancient city) GORTYS

Brenthe

VRENTHI (Ancient city) GORTYS

Present location

Agios Nikolaos hill

MARATHA (Ancient city) GORTYS
On this hill there was a fortified acropolis, which proves either that Maratha was a settlement and not just a location or that there was another ancient city that we know nothing about (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p. 295, note 6).

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites

Gortys

GORTYS (Ancient city) ARCADIA
  An ancient city of Kynouria, lay on the banks of the Gortynios river, ca. 7 km N of presentday Eliniko. Little is known of the history of the place. After the founding of Megalopolis (Paus. 8.27.3) Gortys had to give up some of its population, and sank to the status of a village. It nonetheless had enough power, and was prestigious enough, to build its imposing fortifications and to hire Skopas to do the sculpture for one of the two Asklepios temples. Later a member of the Achaian League, it was no more than a village in Pausanias' day (8.28.1).
  After crossing a bridge to the W side of the river, one finds one's self in a Sanctuary of Asklepios. The sanctuary included a large temple (23.6 x 13.2 m) with pronaos but no opisthodomos. The building dates from the 4th c., and if the marble fragments of Doric columns found in the vicinity belong, this was the temple for which Skopas did the sculpture. To the S on the banks of a ravine, and partially destroyed by the ravine, are the remains of a smaller temple. Nearby there are also the remains of a bathing establishment with hypocausts and pool. The structure was first built in the 4th c. B.C. on the plan of a large house around a court containing a large bathing pool. The second stage of the building, with hypocausts, dates from the first half of the 3d c. To the S of the ravine are the remains of a portico and a watch tower. About 40 m SE of the portico, across a second ravine, are remains of houses in use from the 4th c. B.C. to the 1st or 2d A.D.
  Following the course of the river S, one comes upon the acropolis of Gortys. There are two sections, completely separate and distinct from each other: a N acropolis and a S fortress. The acropolis runs SE-NW for ca. 425 m, and varies in width between 100 and 160 m. There are three gates preserved, and five round towers, these latter in the W corner, the best preserved portion. The N-NE section had no towers, but was built with a more or less saw-toothed design. This portion of the walls seems to be of 4th-3d c. date, while the rest of the circuit is earlier 4th c. The S fortress, on the high banks of the Gortynius, has square towers, and seems later, possibly 3d c. It seems that the two fortifications did not coexist, and that the blocks of the S fort may well have come from the SE wall of the acropolis, no trace of which is to be found today.
  To the SW of the S fortification there are the remains of still another Sanctuary of Asklepios, also inscriptionally assured. The sanctuary contained the foundations of a temple (27.09 x 13.5 m) of 5th-4th c. date, a bath, and an adyton. A deposit of military-related equipment was also found in the sanctuary.

W. F. Wyatt, Jr., ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Bouphagion

VOUFASSION (Ancient city) GORTYS
  A town situated, according to Pausanias, at the sources of the Bouphagos river. It has long been identified with a fortified hill site, commanding the road from the plain of Elis to the plain of Megalopolis, near the springs of Papadaes. There are remains of inner and outer circuits, with both rectangular and round towers, and gates protected by flanking walls. The masonry, of local grayblue limestone, is well fitted, of coursed rectangular or trapezoidal blocks with the exception of a few large, unshaped stones; it has been dated late 4th or early 3d c. B.C. by comparison with similar work (a few large blocks remaining from the archaic period) in the S fort at Gortys. A triglyph, a limestone column drum, and a few scraps of wall are the only traces of other structures.
  Not far away at Haghios Nikolaos is another small fort overlooking the same route; it lies W of Gortys above the village of Vlachorafti at the highest point of the range. There seem to be remains of two circuit walls with towers. The masonry is generally similar to that at Palaiokastro.
  A third fort in the same area overlooks Gortys and Haghios Nikolaos and commands one of the few routes to E Arkadia. Natural outcroppings were supplemented with large unshaped blocks, two or three courses of which are preserved in several places. There is a cross wall at the narrowest point and a projecting rectangular tower. The remains, with the exception of three cut limestone blocks, appear to be from the archaic period, as does an inscribed stele found at the foot of the slope.

M. H. Mc Allister, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


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