Information about the place PELLA (Prefecture) MAKEDONIA CENTRAL - GTP - Greek Travel Pages
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Listed 39 sub titles with search on: Information about the place  for wider area of: "PELLA Prefecture MAKEDONIA CENTRAL" .


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Miscellaneous

KAIMAKTSALAN (Ski centre) EDESSA

In the massif of Voras and at an altitude of 2040 to 2524 metres, the slopes of the Ski Resort by the same name are developed.

The resort has been in operation since 1995. The resort is situated at a distance of about 45 km northwest of Edessa and 140 km from Thessaloniki. The long duration of snow covering, the unique natural scenery, but also the possibility of accommodation in traditional villages, which have preserved their traditional colors, has contributed to the quick expansion of their reputation on national level and has led to the ongoing developing tourist movement in the region.

The Voras Ski Resort (Kaimakstsalan) has 6 lifts, which provide access to 13 ski-slopes of several difficulty degrees, while a Snowmobile slope has also been shaped, as well as a Snowboard Fun park to satisfy the most demanding skiers. The wider region is available for mountain ski, providing the possibility of rambling in interesting forest paths.

Experienced trainers are participating in the operation of ski and snowboard schools, offering an enjoyable contact with the exciting winter sports to inexperienced skiers, while the little stores of renting-selling equipment on the ground-floor of the chalet give everyone interested the possibility of obtaining the necessary equipment for a comfortable jaunt in the snow.

In the area of the chalet and at an altitude of 2040 m, a guesthouse operates with a restaurant and an ouzo-tavern, while at 2100 m in a pure-white frozen landscape; the snowbar creates a warm and friendly atmosphere for the relaxation and pleasure of skiers.

This text (extract) has been cited in October 2003 from the Pella Prefecture Tourism Committee tourist pamphlet.


Civic geography

Commercial WebPages

Commercial WebSites

Educational institutions WebPages

Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)

Almopia

ALMOPIA (Ancient area) PELLA
  Almopia (Almopia), a district in Macedonia inhabited by the Almopes (Almopes), is said to have been one of the early conquests of the Argive colony of the Temenidae. Leake supposes it to be the same country now called Moglena, which bordered upon the ancient Edessa to the NE. Ptolemy assigns to the Almopes three towns, Horma (Horma), Europus (Europos), and Apsalus (Apsalos (Thuc. ii. 99; Steph. .)B. s. v.; Lycophr. 1238; Ptol. iii. 13. §24; Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iii. p. 444

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited July 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Alorus

ALOROS (Ancient city) PELLA
  Eth. Alorites. A town of Macedonia in the district Bottiaea, is placed by Stephanus in the innermost recess of the Thermaic gulf. According to Scylax it was situated between the Haliacmon and Lydias. Leake supposes it to have occupied the site of Palea-hora, near Kapsokhori. The town is chiefly known on account of its being the birthplace of Ptolemy, who usurped the Macedonian throne after the murder of Alexander II., son of Amyntas, and who is usually called Ptolemaeus Alorites.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Edessa

EDESSA (Ancient city) PELLA
  Eth. Edessaios, Edessenos, the ancient capital of Macedonia, was seated on the Egnatian way, at the entrance of a pass, which was the most important to the kingdom, as leading from the maritime provinces into Upper Macedonia, and, by another branch of the same pass, into Lyncestis and Pelagonia. (Polyb. v. 97. § 4, xxxiv. 12. § 7; Strab. vii. p. 323, x. p. 449; Ptol. iii. 13. § 39, viii. 12. § 7; Itin. Anton.; Itin. Hierosol.; Peut. Tab.; Hierocl.; Const. Porph. de Them. ii. 2.) Aegae and Edessa, though some have considered that they were different towns, are no doubt to be considered as identical, the former being probably the older form. The commanding and picturesque site upon which the town was built was the original centre of the Macedonians, and the residence of the dynasty which sprang from the Temenid Perdiccas. The seat of government was afterwards transferred to the marshes of Pella, which lay in the maritime plain beneath the ridge through which the Lydias forces its way to the sea. But the old capital always remained the national hearth (hestia, Diod. Excerpt.) of the Macedonian race, and the burial-place for their kings. The body of Alexander the Great, though by the intrigues of Ptolemy it was taken to Memphis, was to have reposed at Aegae (Paus. i. 6. § 3),--the spot where his father Philip fell by the hand of Pausanias (Diod. xvi. 91, 92). The murdered Eurydice and her husband were buried here by order of Cassander, after having been removed from Amphipolis. (Diod. xix. 52; Athen. iv. p. 155.) Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, when he had taken the town, gave up the royal tombs to be rifled by his Gallic mercenaries, in hopes of finding treasure. (Plut. Pyrrh. 26.) After the Roman conquest, Edessa (nobilis urbs, Liv. xlv. 30) belonged to the third region; and imperial coins, ranging from Augustus to Sabinia Tranquillina, wife of the third Gordian, have been found, with the epigraph EDESSAION.
  In the reign of Basil II., Bodena (Bodena, Cedren. vol. ii. p. 705; Glycas, p. 309),--whence the modern name,--which was strongly fortified, was one of the Bulgarian conquests of that emperor.
  Vodhena, in the grandeur of its situation, in the magnificence of the surrounding country, and the extent of the rich prospect which it commands, is not inferior to any situation in Greece. Notwithstanding its ancient importance, the Hellenic remains are few; the site, from its natural advantages, has doubtlessly been always occupied by a town, and new constructions have caused the destruction of the more ancient. The only vestige of Hellenic fortifications that has been discovered is a piece of wall which supports one of the modern houses on the edge of the cliff; but there are many scattered remains in the town, among which are some inscriptions of the time of the Roman Empire.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited May 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Cyrrhus

KYRROS (Ancient city) GIANNITSA
  Kurrhos, Kurios. A town in Macedonia. Sitalces penetrated into Macedonia to the left of Cyrrhus and Pella. (Thuc. ii. 100.) Hence it would seem that Cyrrhus was at no great distance from the latter city. It is probably the same place as the Scurio of the Jerusalem Itinerary, and the present Vistritza. In Leake's map a Paleokastro, a little to the right of the road between Pella and Edessa, occupies the site of Cyrrhus.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Pella

PELLA (Ancient city) GIANNITSA
  The capital of Macedonia. At the time when Xerxes passed through Macedon, Pella, which Herodotus (vii. 123) calls a polichnion, was in the hands of the Bottiaeans. Philip was the first to make Pella, which Amyntas had been obliged to evacuate (Xen. Hellen. v. 2. § 13; comp. Diodor. xiv. 92, xv. 19), a place of importance (Dem. de Cor. p. 247), and fixed the royal residence there: there was a navigation from the sea by the Lydias, though the marshes, which was 120 stadia in length, exclusive of the Lydias. (Scyl. p. 26.) These marshes were called Borboros, as appears from an epigram (Theocrit. Chius, ap. Plut. de Exil. vol. viii. p. 380, ed. Reiske), in which Aristotle is reproached for preferring a residence near them to that of the Academy. Archestratus (ap. Athen. vii. p. 328, a.) related that the lake produced a fish called chromis, of great size, and particularly fat in summer. From its position on a hill surrounded by waters, the metropolis of Philip, and the birthplace of Alexander (Juv. x. 168; Lucan, x. 20), soon grew into a considerable city. Had Alexander not been estranged from Macedonia, it would probably have attained greater importance. Antipater lived there as regent of Macedonia, but Cassander spent less of his time at Pella, than at Thessalonica and Cassandreia ; from the time of Antigonus Gonatas till that of Perseus, a period of nearly a century, Pella remained the capital, and was a splendid town. (Liv. xxvi. 25, xxxvii. 7, xiii. 41, 51, 67, xliii. 43, xliv. 10.) Livy (xliv. 46) has left the following description, derived undoubtedly from Polybius, of the construction of the city towards the lake. Pella stands upon a height sloping to the SW., and is bounded by marshes which are impassable both in winter and summer, and are caused by the overflowing of a lake. The citadel (the word arx is wanting in our copies of Livy, but seems absolutely necessary both to the sense and the grammar) rises like an island from the part of the marsh nearest to the city, being built upon an immense embankment, which defies all injury from the waters; though appearing at a distance to be united to the wall of the city, it is in reality separated from it by a wet ditch, over which there is a bridge, so that no access whatever is afforded to an enemy, nor can any prisoner whom the king may confine in the castle escape, but by the easily guarded bridge. In the fortress was the royal treasure. It was surrendered to Aemilius Paullus (Liv. xlv. 45), and became, according to Strabo (p. 323) and the Itineraries, a station on the Egnatian Way, and a colony. (Plin. l.c.) Dion Chrysostomus (Orat. Tars. Prior. vol. ii. p. 12, ed. Reiske) says that Pella was a heap of ruins; but from the fact that there are coins of the colony of Pella, ranging from Hadrian to Philip, this must be an exaggeration. The name of the city is found as late as the sixth century of our era, as it occurs in Hierocles. It Would seem indeed as if the name had survived the ruins of the city, and had reverted to the fountain, to which it was originally attached; as at a small distance from the village named Neokhori or Yenikiuy, which has been identified with a portion of the ancient Pella, there is a spring called by the Bulgarians Pel, and by the Greeks Pelle. Below the fountain, are some remains of buildings, said to have been baths, and still called ta Loutra. These baths are alluded to by the comic poet Machon (ap. Athen. viii. p. 348, e.) as producing biliary complaints. Although little remains of Pella, a clear idea may be formed of its extent and general plan by means of the description in Livy, compared with the existing traces, consisting mainly of tumuli. The circumference of the. ancient city has been estimated at about 3 miles. The sources of the fountains, of which there are two, were probably about the centre of the site; and the modern road may possibly be in the exact line of a main street which traverses it from E. to W. The temple of Minerva Alcidemus is the only public building mentioned in history (Liv.xlii.51), but of its situation nothing at present is known. Felix Beaujour, who was consul-general at Saloniki (Tableau du Commerce de la Grece, vol. i. p. 87), asserted that he saw the remains of a port, and of a canal communicating with the sea. Leake (Northern Greece, vol. iii. pp. 261 - 266), who carefully went over the ground, could find no traces of a port, of which indeed there is no mention in ancient history: remains of a canal could be seen, as he was told, in summer.
  An autonomous coin of Pella has the type of an ox feeding, which explains what Steph. B. reports, that it was formerly called Bounomos. (Eckhel, vol. ii. p. 73; Sestini, Mon. Vet. p. 37.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities

Pella

   An ancient town in Macedonia, in the district Bottiaea, situated upon a lake formed by the river Lydias. Philip the Great made it his residence and the capital of the Macedonian monarchy. It was the birthplace of Alexander the Great. Hence the poets give the surname of Pellaea to Alexandria in Egypt, because it was founded by Alexander the Great, and also use the adjective in a general sense as equivalent to Egyptian.

This text is cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Bottia

VOTIEA (Ancient area) GREECE
   or Bottiaea (Bottiaia). A district in Macedonia, on the right bank of the river Axius, extending in the time of Thucydides to Pieria on the west. The Bottiaei were a Thracian people, who, being driven out of the country by the Macedonians, settled in that part of the Macedonian Chalcidice north of Olynthus which was called Bottice.

This text is cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Links

Primary School of Megaplatanos

MEGAPLATANOS (Village) PELLA

Local government Web-Sites

Municipality of Edessa

EDESSA (Municipality) PELLA

Municipality of Exaplatanos

EXAPLATANOS (Municipality) PELLA

Municipality of Giannitsa

GIANNITSA (Municipality) PELLA

Municipality of Kria Vrissi

KRYA VRYSSI (Municipality) GIANNITSA

Municipality of Megas Alexandros

MEGALOS ALEXANDROS (Municipality) GIANNITSA

Panagitsa Community

PANAGITSA (Village) EDESSA

Prefecture of Pella

PELLA (Prefecture) MAKEDONIA CENTRAL

Municipality of Pella

PELLA (Municipality) GIANNITSA

Municipality of Skydra

SKYDRA (Municipality) EDESSA

Local government WebPages

MEGALOS ALEXANDROS (Municipality) GIANNITSA
  The Municipality of Alexander the Great came from the unity of the communities of Galatades, Drosero, Kariotissa, Liparo, Palefito, Trifili and the settlements of Agios Georgios and Gypsohori. According to the census of 2001 the population is 8,128 residents and it covers an area of 87,529 Km². It is situated in the northeast of the Pella Prefecture and borders with the municipalities of Krya Vrysi, Giannitsa, Skydra, Meniis and Kyrros. The headquarters of the municipality are in Galatades.
  The geographical position of the Municipality is its competitive advandage, as it is only 60 Km away from Thessaloniki and 30 Km from the capital of the Prefecture, Edessa. At the exact same distance are situated the towns of Veria and Naoussa of Imathia Prefecture. Egnatia Street, which in Roman Empire era linked Constantinople with Adriatic Sea, constitutes the main road axis of the municipality. It links Thessaloniki with Edessa and the ski resorts of Kaimaktsalan, 3-5 Pigadia and Seli. The needs for lodgings are covered by the hotels of Giannitsa, Edessa and the other cities. The Municipality is surrounded by important archeological sites, such as Pella, Giannitsa, Edessa and Vergina. Further more, apart from skiing and walking tours, visitors may get involved in other sports, such as flying with a glider in Voras Mountain and rowing in Loudias River in Giannitsa.
  The land is flat and the residents deal with cultivation. The main productions are asparagus, sugar-beat, peaches and tobacco. Greenhouse cultivation is also very frequent. A great progress in exportations has been done during the last decades, especially in export trade of asparagus.
  Since the beginning of the 20th century the territory was covered by bogs and the water of the lake of Giannitsa. Because of the falling in population, there are not many monuments of important architecture. Even though, the extant hagiographies of the four Byzantine churches of the area, are wonderful. As well, remarkable is the monastery of Agios Loukas, not far away from Galatades, which dates back to the first Byzantine centuries. A house of traditional architecture that used to be a basis of operations, is saved in Galatades just to remind us that in the beginning of the last century, the area was the operating center of the fighters during the Macedonian Struggle.

This text is cited May 2005 from the Municipality of Megas Alexandros URL below


Morphology

The climate in the area of the Municipality of Alexander the Great is characterized by protracted sunshine most months of the year, light winds and generally the propitious weather for the development of the cultivations. The rainfalls are distributed unequally during the year and the rain height; ranges between 390 and 550 mm. Frosts and fogs are a frequent phenomenon at night and morning hours in winter. Geomorphologicaly the area is divided in two unities. The first unit contains the slightly inclined land that is close to the foot of the Paiko Mountain, such as Drosero, Gypsohori and Trifili. The second unity contains the area of Kariotissa, Galatades and Liparo, which are described as plain. The area of Palefito is situated between these two unities. The 72.3% of the municipality's population deals with cultivation and stockbreeding. The above diagram shows the allocation of the 87,527 Km² of the municipality.

This text is cited May 2005 from the Municipality of Megas Alexandros URL below, which contains images


Municipality of Pella

PELLA (Municipality) GIANNITSA
(Following URL information in Greek only)

Maps

EDESSA (Municipality) PELLA

Ministry of Culture WebPages

Prefecture of Pella

In the following WebPages you can find an interactive map with all the monuments and museums of the Prefecture, with relevant information and photos.

Non-profit organizations WebPages

Perseus Project

Edessa

EDESSA (Ancient city) PELLA

Bottia

VOTIEA (Ancient area) GREECE
Bottiaiis, or Bottia, a land called after its earlier inhabitants, driven by the Macedonians into Chalcidice, it lay between the lower courses of the Axius and the Haliacmon. The small wedge-shaped plain coming down to the sea was divided between Ichnae and Pella. The latter, under Philip capital of Macedon, lay 120 stades from the sea. (W. W. How, J. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus

Perseus Project index

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites

Edessa

EDESSA (Ancient city) PELLA
At first, Edessa was considered as the ancient city of Aigai, the first capital of the Macedonians, but the excavational research conducted by professor M. Andronikos brought to light remains near Vergina, which are attributed to ancient Aigai.

Pella

PELLA (Ancient city) GIANNITSA
  A city in the region of ancient Bottiaia to which King Archelaus (413-399 B.C.) moved the capital of Macedonia. It was the seat of Philip and the birthplace of Alexander.
  Stephanos of Byzantium (s.v. Pella) mentions the pre-history of the place: Pella of Macedonia was formerly called Bounomos or Bounomeia . . . In historical times it was first mentioned by Herodotos (7.123) in the description of Xerxes' journey to the Axios river which is the boundary between Mygdonia and Bottiaiis. The latter has a narrow coastal strip occupied by the cities of Ichnae and Pella. Later, Thucydides mentions Pella twice, first in the passage about the Macedonians spreading E, before his time, and then in the attack of the Thracians under Sitalces against the Macedonian king Perdiccas, in his own time (Thuc. 2.99.4, 100.4). Southern Greeks took scant notice of Archelaus' activities in the last years of the Peloponnesian War, and laughed at his building of a palace in Pella (Ael., VH 14.17). But in Archelaus' time the painter Zeuxis came to Pella to decorate the palace, and the poet Timotheus also came, and the dramatist Euripides, who wrote the Archelaus there and died in Macedonia. After the time of Archelaus, Pella grew larger, so that in Xenophon's time it was called the largest of the cities of Macedonia (Hell. 5.2.13). The statement of Demosthenes (18.68) that Philip grew up in a small and insignificant village was a rhetorical exaggeration. Information about Pella is curiously scanty in the time of Philip, Alexander, and the Diadochoi, but from a political and artistic point of view the best days of Pella were probably during the long reign of the philosopher king Antigonos Gonatas (274-239 B.C.).
  The only description of Pella which has survived is that of Livy (44.46.4-7), who writes of the capture of the Macedonian capital by Aemilius Paulus after the battle of Pydna, in which Perseus, the last king of Macedonia, was defeated. On the basis of his description, travelers and archaeologists from the end of the 18th through the 19th c. vaguely located Pella at a few visible remains of an ancient city near the town of Agioi Apostoloi, N of the Giannitsa swamp. In the first year after the liberation of Macedonia from the Turks (1912), excavations uncovered the remains of peristyle-type houses, an underground cistern, a hoard of silver coins of Kassander, bronze and iron household implements, bronze bed fittings, etc. A fuller and clearer picture of the topography of the ancient city has only been gained after continuous surface observations which began in 1954.
  The most ancient finds from the area, which go back at least to the Bronze Age, came from: (a) fields N of the so-called Baths of Alexander; (b) from a hill W of the town of Palaia Pella; and especially from (c) the top of the Phakos within the former marsh. Test trenches in the latter revealed a prehistoric settlement, like others around the marsh, the best known being that of Nea Nikomedeia, dating to the Early Neolithic period (7th millennium B.C.). The prehistoric settlement on the Phakos may be Bounomos or Bounomeia (Steph. Byz.).
  Over 40 test trenches brought Classical and Hellenistic remains to light over the whole area between the Phakos and the towns of Palaia Pella and Nea Pella. This area is about 2 km sq. It was ascertained that the acropolis encompassed a part of a double hill, that is, the hill occupied by the town of Palaia Pella (formerly Haghioi Apostoloi) and another, to the W of it. On the W hill, especially (Sections II and III), some rather scanty remains of important buildings were uncovered. Those which have come to light up to the present are: (a) walls ca. 2 m thick with huge poros orthostates (ca. one m high, under one m thick, up to 2 m long), (b) Ionic and Doric architectural members, the scale of which is shown by a Doric poros capital, dated to the first quarter of the 4th c. B.C. with the side of the abacus one m long, (c) parts of a triangular votive monument of bluish stone, (d) fragments of marble architectural members, statues, etc.
  The position and scale of these constructions establish that here on this W hill was probably the palace of Archelaus, and the palace complex and temple, perhaps that known from Livy (42.51.2) as the Temple of Athena Alkidemos. It is probable that the fortified peribolos of the palace complex made a part of the acropolis wall and continued the city wall, which is now, however, invisible, since, in all probability, only its foundations and orthostates were of stone, while the upper parts were of mudbrick, which hid the stone parts under a layer of earth when they collapsed.
  More striking are the discoveries around the center of the ancient city, N of the Thessalonika-Edessa road (Section I, from which Sections IV and v are separated by the road). Here, about six blocks of buildings were uncovered, constructed according to the Hippodamian system of town planning. One of the blocks had three peristyle courts with stoas and adjoining rooms on all sides, according to the Hellenistic type of house with peristyle. The others had approximately the same arrangement. They are surrounded by roads with a width of ca. 9 m along which are water pipes and drains. Parts of the buildings were at least two-storied, as apparent from the remains of stairs and from architectural fragments such as little columns and pillars. The floors of the ground floor rooms were covered with mosaic pavement, some completely plain, others with a geometric pattern, and others with figures, but all of them made of natural river pebbles. In 1957 the first four figured mosaics were uncovered. These show: (a) Dionysos, naked, on a panther, (b) a lion hunt, perhaps an episode known from the life of Alexander, when he was saved by Krateros, (c) a gryphon tearing a deer apart, and (d) a couple of centaurs, male and female. In 1961 in another block four more mosaic floors were uncovered, one of which is badly damaged. The others show: (a) the rape of Helen by Theseus, (b) a deer hunt with the inscription, Gnosis made it, and (c) an Amazonomachy.
  In another section near the former marsh (Section VI) a circular floor in the same pebble technique was discovered, mainly decorated with floral motifs, like the mosaics of Verghina.
  The buildings with the mosaic floors are dated to around the last quarter of the 4th c. or the beginning of the 3d c. B.C. Some of the peristyle columns and walls have been reconstructed in place. The mosaic floors have been taken up and consolidated, and are in the local museum, except for the mosaic of Gnosis, which remains in situ.
  Of the architectural fragments, besides the stone columns, pillars, and parts of a cornice, worth mention are Corinthian pan and cover tiles decorated with palmettes, painted simas from the pediments, etc. Among the tiles, some are stamped with the name of the city in the genitive case (PELLES. This was the first indisputable evidence, found in 1957, for the site of the Macedonian capital.).
  Of the sculpture from the site, the older finds are the most notable: (a) a marble funeral stele taken to the museum at Constantinople and (b) a statue of a horseman, possibly from a pediment, in the Thessalonika Museum. Of the more recent finds the most interesting are: (a) a severe style marble dog, (b) a bronze statuette of Poseidon of the Lateran type. Other small finds are Votive inscriptions (to Asklepios, the Great Gods, Zeus Meilichios, Herakles, the Muses, etc.), funeral inscriptions with bas-relief portraits, some bilingual in Greek and Latin, two unpublished milestones from the Via Egnatia, etc.
  Of the pottery, most notable are some red-figure fragments and a class of local pottery which follows on old tradition (the technique is gray Minyan; the decoration early Mycenaean; the handles show its Hellenistic date). A large number of coins, chiefly of bronze, and many small worked pieces of bronze were found. The small finds are mainly kept in the local museum.

PH. M. Petsas, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains 64 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


VEGORITIS (Lake) PELLA
The village of Ostrovo, at the head of Lake Ostrovo, has been officially renamed Arnissa, but this cannot be correct, since it is based on misidentification of the pass into Lynkos. No ancient name can convincingly be associated with the remains at Ostrovo.

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