A town in Thessaly on the Maliac Gulf, said to have derived its name from Echion, who sprang from the dragon's teeth.
A titular see of Thessaly,
Greece. Echinus, (Echinos, also
Echinous) was situated on the northern shore of the Gulf of Lamia (Maliacus
Sinus). Today it is a small village, Akkhinos (Achinos),
in the demos of Phalara and
the eparchy of Phthiotis.
On the conical hill which rises above the village are remains of the old walls.
The city has been destroyed by earthquakes and rebuilt many times, particularly in 426 B.C. and A.D. 551. Philip II of Macedon left it to the Malians, and Philip V took it from the Aetolians. It was fortified by Justinian, The see was a suffragan of Larissa.
S. Petrides, ed.
Transcribed by: Beth Ste-Marie
This extract is cited June 2003 from The Catholic Encyclopedia, New Advent online edition URL below.
Echinos: Eth. Echinaieus (Polyb. ix. 41). A town of Phthiotis in Thessaly, situated upon the Maliac gulf, between Lamia and Larissa Cremaste, in a fertile district. (Strab. ix.; Polyb. ix. 41; comp. Aristoph. Lysist. 1169.) It was said to derive its name from Echion, who sprang from the dragon's teeth. (Scymn. Ch. 602; comp. Steph. B. s. v.) Demosthenes says that Echinus was taken by Philip, the father of Alexander the Great, from the Thebans (Dem. Phil. iii. p. 120); but whether he means the Thessalian town, or the one in Acarnania of the same name, is uncertain. At a later time we find the Thessalian Echinus in the hands of the Aetolians, from whom it was taken by the last Philip, after a siege of some length. (Polyb. ix. 41, seq., xvii. 3, xviii. 21; Liv. xxxii. 33, xxxiv. 23.) Strabo mentions it as one of the Grecian cities which had been destroyed by an earthquake. (Strab. i.) Its site is marked by the modern village of Akhino, which is only a slight, corruption of the ancient name. The modern village stands upon the side of a hill, the summit of which was occupied by the ancient Acropolis. Dodwell remarks that it appears as well from its situation as its works, to have been a place of great strength, Opposite the Acropolis, at the distance of a few hundred paces, is a hill, where there are some ruins, and foundations of large blocks, probably a temple.
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited May 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
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