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Listed 3 sub titles with search on: Information about the place for destination: "NAFPAKTOS Town ETOLOAKARNANIA".


Information about the place (3)

The Catholic Encyclopedia

Lepando

  Italian name for Naupactos (Naupactus) a titular metropolitan see of ancient Epirus. The name Naupactus (dockyard) is said to have originated in the traditional building of a fleet there by Heraclidae. The site must have been chosen because of the strong position of the hill, the fertile plains of the neighbourhood, and the many streams. Situated on the coast of Loeris, it originally belonged to the Locri Ozolae but was subsequently taken by the Athenians, who in 455 B.C., after the Third Messenian War, established there the Messenian helots, the bitter enemies of Sparta. After the battle of Aegospotami (404 B.C.), the Spartans captured Naupactus, drove out the Messenians, and restored the town to the Locri Ozolae. Subsequently, it passed in turn to the Achaeans, the Thesbians, and to Philip Macedon, who gave it to the Aetolians.
  For two months Naupactus fiercely resisted the Romans, who under M. Acilius Glabrio finally (191 B.C.) captured the town. Pausanias saw there near the sea a temple of Poseidon, another of Artemis, a cave dedicated to Aphrodite, and ruins of a temple of Aesculapius. During Justinian's reign Naupactus was almost entirely destroyed by an earthquake.
  The metropolitan See of Naupactus depended on the pope, as Western Patriarch, until 733, when Leo III the Isaurian annexed it to the Patriarchate of Constantinople. Annexed to the Greek Orthodox Church in 1827, the see was suppressed in 1900, and replaced by the See of Acarnania and Naupactia, whose seat is at Missolonghi; the limits of this diocese are identical to those of the name Aetolia and Acarnania. Occupied by the Turks in 1498, Lepanto is chiefly celebrated for the victory which the combined papal, Spanish, Venetian, and Genoese fleets, under Don John of Austria, gained over the Turkish fleet on 7 Oct., 1571. Though this victory did not accomplish all that was hoped for, it was of great importance as being the first great defeat of the infidels on the sea.
  Held by the Venetians from 1687 to 1689, and thence by the Turks until 1827, it became in the latter year part of the new Greek realm.

S. Vailhe, ed.
Transcribed by: John Francis Mary Freeman
This extract is cited June 2003 from The Catholic Encyclopedia, New Advent online edition URL below.


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Nafpaktos

  Nafpaktos is a small historical and picturesque town with good clean beaches.
  The old town situated in the Walls has kept its own style, its old face. Your look meets everywhere the beauty, the harmony, the serenity. You can easily discover small or big traditional particularities even among the cement and the antennas of modern buildings.
  First of all you must see the well preserved Venetian castle at the top of the hill, which is one of the most beautiful in Greece. The castle proudly looks down upon the city and the bay of Patras.
  The graphic small church of Prophet Ilias can be found here in an area of woods.
  In the castle, the remains of a Turkish mosque and Turkish baths have been conserved. Next to it there is Tzavela’s House.
  Close to the harbour, there is also Botsaris’ s house. The harbour is surrounded by Venetian towers and ramparts.
  You should also see the Monastery of Agios Ioannis Prodromos, with its frescos. It is at a distance of 10 km. north of Nafpaktos.
  Finally, see the Papacharalambio library and the Farmakis collection with heirlooms from the Greek War of Independence of 1821.
  Beaches
  The area of Nafpaktos has many worthwhile beaches.
  Some of these are Psani and Grimbovo, where the plane trees are growing right up to where the sea begins, Monastiraki, which is at a distance of 12 km. east of Nafpaktos, and Platinitis, at a distance of 7 km. southwest of Nafpaktos.
  Local Events
  Each summer, the "Papacharalambia" celebration is held. It includes athletic and artistic events. Greek and other foreign groups participate in drama performances that are held in the castle. The religious festival of Agia Paraskevi is celebrated on the 26th of July.
  Climate
  Its climate is considered one of the best of the country. It is mild with a soft winter and a cool summer. It’s got increased rainfalls, short periods of summer aridity and a great sunlight. The middle temperature of the place is 18 degrees.

This text is cited December 2004 from the West Greece Region General Secretariat URL below, which contains images.


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