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The Catholic Encyclopedia
Italian name for Naupactos (Naupactus) a titular metropolitan see
of ancient Epirus. The name
Naupactus (dockyard) is said to have originated in the traditional building of
a fleet there by Heraclidae. The site must have been chosen because of the strong
position of the hill, the fertile plains of the neighbourhood, and the many streams.
Situated on the coast of Loeris, it originally belonged to the Locri
Ozolae but was subsequently taken by the Athenians, who in 455 B.C., after
the Third Messenian War, established there the Messenian helots, the bitter enemies
of Sparta. After the battle
of Aegospotami (404 B.C.),
the Spartans captured Naupactus, drove out the Messenians, and restored the town
to the Locri Ozolae. Subsequently,
it passed in turn to the Achaeans, the Thesbians, and to Philip Macedon, who gave
it to the Aetolians.
For two months Naupactus fiercely resisted the Romans, who under M.
Acilius Glabrio finally (191 B.C.) captured the town. Pausanias saw there near
the sea a temple of Poseidon, another of Artemis, a cave dedicated to Aphrodite,
and ruins of a temple of Aesculapius. During Justinian's reign Naupactus was almost
entirely destroyed by an earthquake.
The metropolitan See of Naupactus depended on the pope, as Western
Patriarch, until 733, when Leo III the Isaurian annexed it to the Patriarchate
of Constantinople. Annexed
to the Greek Orthodox Church in 1827, the see was suppressed in 1900, and replaced
by the See of Acarnania and
Naupactia, whose seat is at
Missolonghi; the limits of
this diocese are identical to those of the name Aetolia
and Acarnania. Occupied by
the Turks in 1498, Lepanto is chiefly celebrated for the victory which the combined
papal, Spanish, Venetian, and Genoese fleets, under Don John of Austria,
gained over the Turkish fleet on 7 Oct., 1571. Though this victory did not accomplish
all that was hoped for, it was of great importance as being the first great defeat
of the infidels on the sea.
Held by the Venetians from 1687 to 1689, and thence by the Turks until
1827, it became in the latter year part of the new Greek realm.
S. Vailhe, ed.
Transcribed by: John Francis Mary Freeman
This extract is cited June 2003 from The Catholic Encyclopedia, New Advent online edition URL below.
- The Catholic Encyclopedia (1908)
Nafpaktos is a small historical and picturesque town with good clean
The old town situated in the Walls has kept its own style, its old
face. Your look meets everywhere the beauty, the harmony, the serenity. You can
easily discover small or big traditional particularities even among the cement
and the antennas of modern buildings.
First of all you must see the well preserved Venetian castle at the
top of the hill, which is one of the most beautiful in Greece. The castle proudly
looks down upon the city and the bay
The graphic small church of Prophet Ilias can be found here in an
area of woods.
In the castle, the remains of a Turkish mosque and Turkish baths have
been conserved. Next to it there is Tzavela’s House.
Close to the harbour, there is also Botsaris’ s house. The harbour
is surrounded by Venetian towers and ramparts.
You should also see the Monastery of Agios Ioannis Prodromos, with
its frescos. It is at a distance of 10 km. north of Nafpaktos.
Finally, see the Papacharalambio library and the Farmakis collection
with heirlooms from the Greek War of Independence of 1821.
The area of Nafpaktos has many worthwhile beaches.
Some of these are Psani
and Grimbovo, where the plane
trees are growing right up to where the sea begins, Monastiraki, which is at a
distance of 12 km. east of Nafpaktos, and Platinitis, at a distance of 7 km. southwest
Each summer, the "Papacharalambia" celebration is held.
It includes athletic and artistic events. Greek and other foreign groups participate
in drama performances that are held in the castle. The religious festival of Agia
Paraskevi is celebrated on the 26th of July.
Its climate is considered one of the best of the country. It is mild
with a soft winter and a cool summer. It’s got increased rainfalls, short periods
of summer aridity and a great sunlight. The middle temperature of the place is
This text is cited December 2004 from the West Greece Region General Secretariat URL below, which contains images.