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Listed 6 sub titles with search on: Information about the place for destination: "VOULKARIA, LAKE Lake VONITSA".


Information about the place (6)

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Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)

Anactorium

ANAKTORION (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Anaktorion: Anaktorios. A town in Acarnania, situated on the Ambraciot gulf, and on the promontory, which now bears the name of C. Madonna. On entering the Ambraciot gulf from the Ionian sea it was the first town in Acarnania after Actium, from which it was distant 40 stadia, and which was in the territory of Anactorium. This town was for some time one of the most important places in this part of Greece. It was colonized jointly by the Corinthians and Corcyraeans; but in the war between these peoples, in B.C. 432, the Corinthians obtained sole possession of the place by fraud. It remained in the hands of the Corinthians till B.C. 425, when it was taken by the Acarnanians with the assistance of the Athenians, and the Corinthian settlers were expelled. Augustus removed its inhabitants to the town of Nicopolis, which he founded on the opposite coast of Epirus, and Strabo describes it as an emporium of the latter city. The site of Anactorium has been disputed, and depends upon the position assigned to Actium. It has however been shown that Actium must be placed at the entrance of the Ambraciot gulf on La Punta, and Anactorium on C. Madonna. At the western extremity of the latter promontory are the ruins of a Greek town, about two miles in circumference, which Leake supposes to have been Anactorium. They are situated near a small church of St. Peter, which is the name now given to the place. Other writers place Anactorium at Vonitza, on the E. extremity of the promontory, but with less probability.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited May 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Echinus

ECHINOS (Ancient city) AKTIO - VONITSA
  Echinos: Eth. Echinaieus. A town in Acarnania, also said to have been founded by Echion. It was mentioned by the poet Rhianus, and occurs in the list of Acarnanian towns preserved by Pliny, where it is placed between Heraclia and Actium. Leake places it at Ai Vasili, remarking that, from Stephanus and the poet Rhianus, it is evident that Echinus was an Acarnanian town of some importance: the story attached to it shows that it was one of the early colonies of this coast; the ruins at Ai Vasili indicate a remote antiquity, and their safe position on a mountain removed from the sea, is in conformity with that which is generally found in the early foundations of the Greeks.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited May 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Thyrium

THYRION (Ancient city) AKTIO - VONITSA
  Thurion, Aureon, Thourion, Thurrheion, Eth. Thurieus, Thyriensis. A city in Acarnania, the exact site of which is unknown. It is placed by Pouqueville in the interior near the sources of the Anapus; and his authority is followed by K. O. Muller and others. This, however, is evidently a mistake. Cicero tells us (ad Fam. xvi. 5) that in sailing from Alyzia to Leucas, he touched at Thyrium, where he remained two hours; and from this statement, as well as from the history of the events in which Thyrium is mentioned, we may infer that it was situated on or near the Ionian sea, and that it was the first town on the coast S. of the canal which separated Leucas from the mainland. It is placed by Leake in the plain of Zaverdha, but no ruins of it have been discovered. Its name does not occur in Strabo. Thyrium is first mentioned in B.C. 373, when its territory was invaded by Iphicrates. (Xen. Hell. vi. 2. 37) Xenophon describes it as a place of importance; and it appears as one of the chief cities of Acarnania at the time of the Roman wars in Greece, when its name frequently occurs. At this period Thyrium was one of the places at which the meetings of the Acarnanian League were usually held. It was one of the many towns whose ruin was occasioned by the foundation of NICOPOLIS to which its inhabitants were removed by order of Augustus. (Pol. iv. 6, 25, xvii. 10, xxii. 12, xxviii. 5; Liv. xxxvi. 11, 12, xxxviii. 9, xliii. 17; Anth. Graec. l. c.; Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iv. p. 16.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Official Web-Sites

Vonitsa

VONITSA (Small town) ETOLOAKARNANIA
  A coastal small city at the entrance of the Amvrakikos gulf. It is 114km from Messolongi and it has 4,081 residents. It was founded in the 4th century AD. In the 14th century it subjugated to the king of Neapolis, in the 15th century it subjected to the Venetians, in 1797 to the French and then to Ali Pasha. It was liberated in 1828. In 1862 it became the capital of Griva's revolution against Othona. The city was built on the foundations of the ancient Anaktorio.
  Sights
  Remains of a medieval castle at the peak of the mountain. There is a chapel of St. Sophia - 12th century - at the same area.
  There are very interesting churches of the Holy Mother with nice wall paintings, of St. Ioannis and of St. Spiridonas.
  An archaeological museum at the village Thirio, with findings from the area, classical and Roman inscriptions, a marble bas-relief of a female figure (4th century), a headless statue of Artemis, a cluster by Mithra, part of a Roman mosaic etc.
  Archaeological site and a Venetian castle in Aktio.
  An old city is sunk in lake Voulkanias. There is the point from which Kleopatra and her fleet passed before the great naval battle between Oktavios and Markos Antonios.
  A Venetian castle, 18klm from Vonitsa.

This text is cited December 2004 from the West Greece Region General Secretariat URL below, which contains images.


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