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AKTIO - VONITSA".
Information about the place (1)
Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)
Thurion, Aureon, Thourion, Thurrheion, Eth. Thurieus, Thyriensis.
A city in Acarnania, the exact site of which is unknown. It is placed by Pouqueville
in the interior near the sources of the Anapus; and his authority is followed
by K. O. Muller and others. This, however, is evidently a mistake. Cicero tells
us (ad Fam. xvi. 5) that in sailing from Alyzia to Leucas, he touched at Thyrium,
where he remained two hours; and from this statement, as well as from the history
of the events in which Thyrium is mentioned, we may infer that it was situated
on or near the Ionian sea, and that it was the first town on the coast S. of the
canal which separated Leucas from the mainland. It is placed by Leake in the plain
of Zaverdha, but no ruins of it have been discovered. Its name does not occur
in Strabo. Thyrium is first mentioned in B.C. 373, when its territory was invaded
by Iphicrates. (Xen. Hell. vi. 2. 37) Xenophon describes it as a place of importance;
and it appears as one of the chief cities of Acarnania at the time of the Roman
wars in Greece, when its name frequently occurs. At this period Thyrium was one
of the places at which the meetings of the Acarnanian League were usually held.
It was one of the many towns whose ruin was occasioned by the foundation of NICOPOLIS
to which its inhabitants were removed by order of Augustus. (Pol. iv. 6, 25, xvii.
10, xxii. 12, xxviii. 5; Liv. xxxvi. 11, 12, xxxviii. 9, xliii. 17; Anth. Graec.
l. c.; Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iv. p. 16.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)
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