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Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
A river of Aetolia, rising in Mount Oeta, and flowing into the
sea, 120 stadia west of Antirrhium. It derived its name from Evenus, the father
of Marpessa, who was carried off by Idas, the son of Aphareus; and Evenus, being
unable to overtake the latter, threw himself into the river, which was henceforth
called after him.
- Perseus: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)
Evenus (Euenos, less frequently, Euenos: Fidhari or Fidharo), originally
called Lycormas (Lukormas). An important river of Aetolia, rising in the highest
summit of Mt. Oeta in the territory of the Bomienses, a subdivision of the Aetolian
tribe of the Ophienses. (Strab. p. 451.) Dicaearchus was mistaken in saying that
the Evenus rises in Pindus: Ptolemy (iii. 16. § 6) more correctly places its source
in Callidromus, which is a part of Oeta. Strabo relates that the Evenus does not
flow at first through the territory of the Curetes, which is the same as Pleuronia,
but more to the E. by Chalcis and Calydon, that it afterwards turns to the W.
towards the plains in which Old Pleuron was situated, and that it finally flows
in a southerly direction into the sea, at the distance of 120 stadia from the
promontory of Antirrhium. (Strab. pp. 451, 460; comp. Thuc. ii. 83; Mel. ii. 3;
Plin. iv. 3.) Its real direction however is first westerly, and afterwards south-west.
It receives numerous torrents from the mountains through which it flows, and in
winter it becomes a considerable river, flowing with great rapidity, and difficult
to cross on account of the great stones which are carried down by its stream.
(Eveni rapidae undae, Ov. Met. ix. 104; Potamon polloi kumainonta kai huper tas
ochthas airomenon, Philostr. Jun. Imag. 16.) The Evenus is celebrated in mythology
on account of the death of the centaur Nessus, who was slain by Hercules because
he offered violence to Deinaeira, as he carried her across this river. (Soph.
Track. 557.) This tale is, perhaps, only a figure of the impetuosity of the river,
and of the danger to which unwarytravellers are exposed in crossing its channel
from the rise of the waters when swollen by sudden showers. (Mure, Tour in Greece,
vol. i. p. 170.) The river is said to have derived its name from Evenus, the son
of Ares, and the father of Marpessa. When his daughter was carried off by Idas,
the son of Aphareus, he pursued the ravisher; but being unable to overtake him
he threw himself into the Lycormas, which was henceforward called after him. (Apollod.
i. 7. § 8; Ov, Ibis, 515; Prop. i. 2. 18.) Its modern name of Fidharo or Fidhari
is derived from Phidi, the Romaic form of Ophis, and is therefore supposed by
Leake to be a vestige of Ophieis, the ancient people in whose territory the river
rose. (Leake, Norsthern Greece, vol. ii. p. 625; comp. p. 599.) From Evenus is
formed the adjective Eveninus. (Matres Calydonides Eveninae, Ov. Met. viii. 527.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)