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Listed 9 sub titles with search on: Information about the place for wider area of: "CHERSONISSOS Municipality HERAKLIO" .


Information about the place (9)

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Avdou

  The village of Avdou is 39km southeast of Iraklion on the road from Hersonisos to Lassithi Plateau. There are six Byzantine churches in this village. Archaic objects have been found in the cave of Agia Fotini and Faneromeni southeast above the village at 1,100 metres above sea level.


Limin Hersonissou

Hersonisos was an important Byzantine area and the seat of an archbishop from the first Byzantine period. A triple-aisled fifth century basilica has been excavated in Kastri--one of the largest on Crete. The floors of the church are covered with mosaic. East of the town there is another basilica dating from the sixth century and its floors are also covered with mosaic.


Limin (Limenas) Hersonisou

  Hersonisos is 26km (30 minutes) east of Iraklion on the National Road. The seaside resort of Limin Hersonisou is a busy town all year round. Half of the shops and hotels are open throughout the year, in contrast to the rest of Crete where many hotels and restaurants are open only during the tourist season of April-October. Tourist offices book most of the hotels, which makes it very difficult to find a room if not booked in advance. Hersonisos is easily reached from Iraklion and Agios Nikolaos by frequent bus service. Limin Hersonisou stands on the western edge of the bay of Malia. It is a summer resort with large hotels and tourist shops. In ancient times it was an important trading centre. Originally Hersonisos, which means peninsula in Greek, was the harbour of the city of Lyttos (near Kastelli, Pediada). The city later became independent and the inhabitants minted their own coins which depicted the head of Artemis on one side and Apollo with a lyre on the opposite side. Archaeologists believe that Hersonisos was the site of a temple dedicated to Vritomartis, "the sweet virgin", an ancient Minoan deity later identified with Artemis.

This text is cited Feb 2003 from the Crete TOURnet URL below, which contains image.


Potamies

  The village of Potamies is 37km southeast of Iraklion on a south turn from Hersonisos, towards the Lassithi Plateau. Just before you enter the village a small road to the left leads to the Byzantine monastery of the Panagia Gouverniotissa and the Byzantine church of Afentis Christos.


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Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)

ARSINOE (Ancient city) CHERSONISSOS

Arsinoe

A town of Crete assigned to Lyctus. (Steph. B.) Berkelius (ad loc.) supposes that an error had crept into the text, and that for Auktou we should read Aukias. Its existence has been confirmed by some coins with the types and emblems peculiar to the Cretan mints. (Eckhel, vol. ii. p. 304.)


CHERRONISSOS (Ancient city) CHERSONISSOS

Chersonesus

  The haven of Lyctus, with a temple of Britomartis (Strab. x. p. 479), 16 M P. from Cnossus. Mr. Pashley (Trav. vol. i. p. 268) found ruins close to a little port on the shore, and the actual names of the villages Khersonesos and Episcopiano, indicate that here is to be found what was once the ancient port of Lyctus, and afterwards became an Episcopal city.


The Catholic Encyclopedia

Chersonesus

  A titular see of Crete. The city stood on a little peninsula of the northeast coast, between Cnossus and Olous, and was the seaport of Lyttos. In the fourth century B.C. it struck coins, and was known for its temple of Britomartis. Its ruins are near the modern village of Khersonisi.

A. Petrides, ed.
Transcribed by: Thomas M. Barrett
This extract is cited June 2003 from The Catholic Encyclopedia, New Advent online edition URL below.


The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites

Chersonesos

  On the W side of the Bay of Mallia 26 km E of Herakleion. The ancient site derives its name from the prominent peninsula, Kastri, which shelters the harbor from the N. It served as out-port of the city of Lyttos, 15 km inland (Strab. 10.4.14); but in the 4th-3d c. issued its own coinage, an indication of autonomy. Its harbor was the best on the N coast of Crete between Herakleion and Olous, and in the Roman and first Byzantine periods it became much more important than Lyttos.
  Plutarch (De mul. vir. 247D) narrates its foundation legend; the colonists arrived with a statue of Artemis. Strabo (10.4.14) mentions the temple of Britomartis, one of the chief Cretan deities, and the site of the temple is indicated by the find of an inscription to her of the late 2d c. B.C. on a small headland ca. 1 km E of Chersonesos, where a church of Hag. Nikolnos stands on the ruins of a Roman building with a mosaic; remains of another building lie nearby, submerged in shallow water. Britomartis is depicted on many coins of Chersonesos.
  In a 3d c. inscription Chersonesos appears as a subordinate ally of Knossos; in 183 B.C. it was one of the Cretan cities which made an alliance with Eumenes II of Pergamum. In the 2d and 1st c. B.C. it seems again to have been more closely linked with Lyttos, being described in inscriptions as "Lyttos on the sea"; but this may indicate not subordination to Lyttos but the transfer of real power to the coastal city. Bishops of Chersonesos are mentioned in the 5th to 8th c.
  The peninsula N of the harbor has traces of Minoan settlement: sherds appear in the NE cliff face at the bottom of a deep occupation deposit. The peninsula was probably the city's acropolis in the Classical period; it was surrounded with defense walls in Late Roman or Byzantine times, and a fine Christian basilica was built on top in the 5th or 6th c. On the NE side of the peninsula a row of three fish-tanks, now totally submerged, was cut into the E end of a rock shelf in the Roman period.
  The remains of the Roman city cover an extensive area S and W of the peninsula. The theater, of the Roman period, is now almost completely destroyed, but was still well preserved in 1583 (as was an amphitheater), and was visible until 1897.
  The most significant ancient remains are those of the Roman harbor works, showing the city's importance and prosperity as a seaport. The harbor was protected on the E and S by massive breakwaters of large boulders, along the inner side of which run concrete moles which served as quays. These alone provided 330 m of berthing space, and there was a shoreline quay at least in the SW corner of the harbor. The stumps of stone bollards survive in the surface of the E mole and SW quay. On the W shore of the harbor remains are visible of house walls of the Roman period. Just inland is a fountain-house with mosaics.
  Inland near Potamies have been found stretches of the aqueduct which brought water to the site from Lasithi.

D. J. Blackman, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


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