From Hora Sfakion an impressive ascent of 12km climbs to the plateau
of Anopolis, which is 600 metres above sea level. There is a bus from Hora Sfakion
late in the afternoon, returning in the morning. The village of Anopolis had many
inhabitants at one time but now the population is only about 800. Their main occupation
is agriculture and goats and sheep are raised on the plateau and the nearby mountains.
Anopolis is a very old place evident from traces of remains from the ancient Greek
eras that have been found. There are remains of cyclopean walls near Agia Ekaterini
Church. Anopolis had many inhabitants and its harbour was located in what is now
Loutro. It flourished mainly in the Roman and the Venetian Periods.
Anopolis was a revolutionary centre against the Venetians and was destroyed in
1365. Anopolis, and the province of Sfakia in general, was the centre of revolutions
against the Turks in Crete and was never inhabited by the Turks, making it the
only free place in Crete during the Turkish occupation. Anopolis is known today
for the hiking paths to the Lefka Ori and the aerial views of the south coast
of Crete from Agia Ekaterini and the site of ancient Anopolis.
This extract is cited Nov 2002 from the Crete TOURnet URL below, which contains imageσ.