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for destination: "TARRA
Information about the place (4)
The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites
Tarrha. City in the Sphakia district on the S coast of W Crete, near modern
Ag. Roumeli, at the mouth of the Samaria Gorge. It is first mentioned by Theophrastos
(Hist.Pl. 2.2.2). In the early 3d c. B.C. it had a coinage alliance with neighboring
Lisos, Elyros, and Hyrtakina, and may have been a member of the league of Oreioi;
it was certainly in the Cretan League in the early 2d c. It was best known as
the legendary home of the seer Karmanor (Plaus. 2.7.7; 2.30.3; 10.7.2; 10.16.5)
and for its oracle and Sanctuary of Apollo Tarrhaios (Steph. Byz. s.v. Tarrha).
It is mentioned by Ptolemy (3.15.3: wrongly listed W of Poikilasion) and the Stadiasmus
(329-30: a small city with an anchorage).
Ancient remains attest occupation from the 5th c. B.C. to the 4th
or 5th c. A.D. Tarrha was then apparently abandoned, probably because of pirate
raids and consequent decline in communications by sea. The remains were described
in the 15th c. and identified in the 19th, though epigraphic confirmation is not
available. Remains W of the river bed include architectural members from a temple
(probably that of Apollo Tarnhaios) reused in a later building over whose ruins
now stands the chapel of the Panagia; below the building is a 1st c. B.C. mosaic,
perhaps connected with the sanctuary. Farther W lay a cemetery. To the E of the
riven are remains of Roman fortification walls and buildings, a few still standing
to some height on the hill below the cliffs in back of the site. Excavation of
some of these buildings revealed Greek walls at a considerable depth below them,
and some tombs of the 5th-4th c. B.C. and of the Roman period.
The factory indicated by abundant glass fragments has not been found,
but it remains likely that one existed here or nearby. The coast appears to have
been lifted some 3.6 m since ancient times, so that the bay is now open and exposed,
but the harbor may once have been better. Minoan occupation of the site is possible,
if only for export of cypresses from the White Mountains; no certain Minoan finds
are known, but some LM III vases may come from here rather than from near Sphakia.
D. J. Blackman, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites,
Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from
Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
- Tarrha: Perseus Lookup Tool, text search
Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)
Tarrhos. A town on the SW. coast of Crete between Phoenice and Poecilassus,
one of the earliest sites of the Apollo-worship, and the native country of the
writer Lucillus. For Tarba (Tarba, Ptol. iii. 17. § 3) Meursius proposes to read
Tarrha There can be little or no doubt that its position should be fixed on the
SW. coast of the island, at the very entrance of the glen of Haghia Rumeli, where
the bold hanging mountains hem in the rocky bed of the river. (Pashley, Travels,
vol. ii. p. 270). The Florentine traveller Buondelmonti, who visited Crete A.D.
1415, describes considerable remains of a temple and other buildings as existing
on the site of the ancient city. (ap. Cornelius, Creta Sacra, vol. i. p. 85).
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)
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