Syia. Small city on the S coast of W Crete, in the Selino district between
Lisos and Poikilasion. Little is known of its history; it was probably a member
of the league of Oreioi in the 3d c. B.C. (see Lisos). Its surviving remains belong
to the Imperial and First Byzantine periods, and it was probably destroyed in
the Arab conquest. It had a good harbor and served as the port of inland Elyros
(Stadiasmus 331; Steph. Byz. s.v.). It apparently did not strike its own coins.
The site lies at the mouth of the valley running down from Elyros. There is no harbor now, but if relative sea level was some 6.6 m higher in antiquity there would have been one W of the river mouth and protected from the S by a mole. Most of the ancient remains lie E of the river: remains of houses, an aqueduct to the N, a bath building to the S, and built and rock-cut tombs on the slopes to the E. A large basilica of the 6th c. has been excavated just W of the village, and two other basilicas lie E of it.
D. J. Blackman, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
Sougia, or Sia, was the harbour of ancient Elyros and flourished during Greek, Roman and Byzantine times. During those times it had a good harbour which is not visible now because the land has risen on this side of Crete. Sougia was very important during Byzantine times, and three large basilicas of the first Byzantine period have been discovered so far. It seems that both Sougia and Elyros were destroyed by the Arabs.
This text is cited Oct 2002 from the Crete TOURnet URL below, which contains image.
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