A district of Macedonia, between the Haliacmon and the Axius. The poets frequently give the name of Emathia to the whole of Macedonia, and sometimes even to the neighbouring Thessaly.
Emathia (Emathie), a district which the Homeric poems Il. xiv. 226)
couple with Pieria as lying between the Hellenic cities of Thessaly and Paeonia
and Thrace. The name, was in primitive times assigned to the original seats of
the Temenid dynasty of Edessa. It comprehended that beautiful region beyond the
Haliacmon and on the E. side of the Olympene ridge, which is protected on all
sides by mountains and marshes, at a secure but not inconvenient distance from
the sea. Emathia, which had received the gift of three magnificent positions for
cities or fortresses in Vernia, Niausta, and Vodhena, and possessing every variety
of elevation and aspect, of mountain, wood, fertile plain, running water, and
lake, was admirably adapted to be the nursery of the monarchy of Macedonia.
It appears from Justin (vii. 1) that part of Emathia was occupied by the Briges, who were expelled from thence by the Temenidae; and Herodotus (viii. 138), in stating that the gardens of Midas, their king, were situated at the foot of Mount Bermius, seems to show that their position was round Beroea.
Emathia, in later times, had more extensive boundaries than those which Homer understood; and Ptolemy (iii. 13. § 39) advanced its limits to the right bank of the Axius. Polybius (xxiv. 8. § 4) and Livy (xl. 3), who is his transcriber in this place, assert, in contradiction to the notice in the Iliad, that Emathia was formerly called Paeonia, but this may be reconciled by supposing that previously it had been inhabited by the. Paeonian race.
Emathia was, after the Roman conquest, included in the third region of Macedonia, and contained the following cities: Beroea, Citium, Aegae, Edessa, Cyrrhus, Almopia, Europus, Atalanta, Gortynia, and Idomene (Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iii. pp. 442-447.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
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