ΚΡΟΜΜΥΩΝ (Αρχαία πόλη) ΚΟΡΙΝΘΙΑ
Krommuon, Kromuon, Cromyon, Kremmuon, Cremmyon, Eth. Krommuonios. A village of the Corinthia on the Saronic gulf, but originally the last town of Megaris. It was the chief place between the isthmus, properly so called, and Megara; whence the whole of this coast was called the Crommyonia (he Krommuonia, Strab. viii.). Crommyon was distant 120 stadia from Corinth (Thuc. iv. 45), and appears to have therefore occupied the site of the ruins near the chapel of St. Theodorus. The village of Kineta, which many modern travellers suppose to correspond to Crommyon, is much further from Corinth than 120 stadia. Crommyon is said by Pausanias to have derived its name from Crommus, the son of Poseidon. It is celebrated in mythology as the haunt of the wild boar destroyed by Theseus. (Paus. ii. 1. § 3; Strab. l. c.; Plut. Thes. 9; Ov. l. c.) It was taken by the Lacedaemonians in the Corinthian War, but was recovered by Iphicrates. (Xen. Hell. iv. 4. 13, iv. 5. § 19.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
ΣΙΔΟΥΣ (Αρχαία κωμόπολη) ΚΟΡΙΝΘΙΑ
Sidus (Sidous, Sidountias kome, Hesych.: Eth. Sidountios), a village in the Corinthia, on the Saronic gulf, between Crommyon and Schoenus. It was taken by the Lacedaemonians along with Crommyon in the Corinthian War, but was recovered by Iphicrates. (Xen. Hell. iv. 4. 13, iv. 5. § 19.) It probably stood in the plain of Susaki.
The ancient town on the Isthmus is mentioned by Kallimachos (Sosibiou Nike, 1. 12; cf. Tzetzes schol. on Lycophron 532). It is located at the base of Haghios Dimitrios Ridge, W of the Isthmian Sanctuary of Poseidon, where extensive habitational ruins were discovered in 1960. There are also large cemeteries nearby and chance finds have led to the excavation of several burials. An inscription found in the area records the name of Agathon Kromnites. Pottery from the cemeteries and the town site dates from the mid 7th c. B.C. to the 4th c. A.D. Ancient stone quarries extend from Kromna some 2 km W to the modern town of Examilia.
J. R. Wiseman, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
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