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Religious figures biography (10)

Saints

St. Alexander

d. 361, feastday: November 24


St. Callistus & Charisius

d. 3rd century, feastday: April 16


St. Codratus of Corinth, an ancient physician

Codratus (Kodratos), an ancient physician, saint, and martyr, who was born at Corinth in the third century after Christ. His parents, who were Christians and persons of rank and wealth, died while he was quite young. When he was grown up, he applied himself to the study and practice of medicine, and also took every opportunity of endeavouring to convert his fellow-citizens to Christianity. He was put to death, together with several other Christians, about the year 258, at the command of Jason, the governor of Greece at that time; and there is an interesting account of his martyrdom in the Acta Sanctorum, Mart. vol. ii. p. 5. His memory is observed on the 10th of March both by the Roman and Greek Churches.


St. Crispus & Gaius

d. 1st century, feastday: October 4


St. Dionysius of Corinth

d.c. 170, feastday: April 8


Dionysius. Bishop of Corinth in the latter half of the second century after Christ, distinguished himself among the prelates of his time by his piety, his eloquence, and the holiness of his life. He not only watched with the greatest care over his own diocese, but shewed a deep interest in the welfare of other communities and provinces, to which he addressed admonitory epistles. He died the death of a martyr, about A. D. 178. None of his numerous epistles is now extant, but a list of them is preserved in Eusebius (H. E. iv. 23) and Hieronymus (de Script. 27), and a few fragments of them are extant in Eusebius (ii. 25, iv. 23). In one of them Dionysius complains that during his lifetime some of his epistles had been interpolated by heretics for the purpose of supporting their own views. (Cave, Hist. Lit. i.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


St. Erastus

d. 1st century, feastday: July 26


Bishops

Bacchylus

Bacchylus. Bishop of Corinth, whom Eusebius mentions among the prominent second-century churchmen, is known only by the part he took in sustaining Pope Victor I in the Quartodeciman controversy. When that pope, determining to have the Roman paschal computation universally accepted, wrote to secure the co-operation of influential churches, many synods were held and their presiding bishops wrote to Victor, all, with the exception of the Asiatics in support of his design. Among them was Bacchylus.
  It might be that Bacchylus held a synod, but in writing gave his letter a personal rather than a collective form. No text of the letter is extant, the sources above referred to containing the only available data.

John B. Peterson, ed.
Transcribed by: Dick Meissner
This extract is cited June 2003 from The Catholic Encyclopedia, New Advent online edition URL below.


Bacchylus (written Bakchullos, by Eusebius, but given with only one l by Jerome, Ruffinus, Sophronius, and Nicephorus), bishop of Corinth, flourished in the latter half of the second century, under Commodus and Severus. He is recorded by Eusebius and Jerome as having written on the question, so early and so long disputed, as to the proper time of keeping Easter. From the language of Eusebius, Valesius is disposed to infer that this was not a Synodical letter, but one which the author wrote in his own individual capacity. But Jerome says expressly, that Bacchylus wrote "de Pascha ex omnium qui in Achaia erant episcoporum persona". And in the ancient Greek Synodicon, published by Paphus at Strasburg in 1601, and inserted in both editions of Fabricius's Bibliotheca Graeca, not only is this council registered as having been held at Corinth by Bacchylides, archbishop of that place, and eighteen bishops with him, but the celebration of Easter is mentioned as the subject of their deliberations. Notwithstanding the slight change of the name, and the designation of Bacchylides as archbishop of Corinth, there can be no reasonable doubt that he is the same with the bishop mentioned by Eusebius and Jerome (Euseb. Hist. Eccl. v. 22, 23 ; Jerome, de Viris Illustr. c. 44).


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