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Andreas, archbishop of Crete

Andreas, archbishop of Crete, was a native of Damascus. He was first a monk at Jerusalem, whence he is called in some ancient writings " of Jerusalem" (Hierosolumites, ho Hierosolumon), then a deacon at Constantinople, and lastly archbishop of Crete. His time is rather doubtful, but Cave has shewn that he probably flourished as early as A. D. 635. (Hist. Lit. sub ann.) In 680 he was sent by Theodorus, the patriarch of Jerusalem, to the 6th council of Constantinople, against the Monothelites, where he was ordained a deacon. Some Iambics are still extant in which he thanks Agathe, the keeper of the documents, for communicating to him the acts of the synod. It seems to have been soon after this council that he was made archbishop of Crete. A doubtful tradition relates that he died on the 14th of June, 724 (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. xi.). The works ascribed to him, consisting of Homilies, and Triodia and other hymns, were published by Combefisius, Par. 1644. A " Computus Paschalis," ascribed to Andreas, was published in Greek and Latin by Petavius. There is great doubt as to the genuineness of several of these works.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks



Elias. Elias of Crete. There are several works extant ascribed to Elias Cretensis, whom Rader, Cave, Fabricius, and others, suppose to have been Elias, bishop (or rather metropolitan) of Crete, who took part in the second general council of Nicaea, A. D. 787. (Labbe, Concilia, vol. vii.) Leunclavius considers that the author was a different person from the prelate, and places the former in the sixth century or thereabout (Prooemiam in Sti Gragorii Nazianzeni Opera) Oudin, who has examined the subject most carefully, agrees with Leunclavius in distinguishing the writer from the prelate, and deduces from the internal evidence of his works that the writer lived about A. D. 1120 or 1130.
  He wrote
(1) Commentaries on several of the Orations of Gregory Nazianzen. There are several MSS. extant of these commentaries in the original Greek, but we believe they have never been printed. A Latin version of them, partly new, partly selected from former translations, was published by Billius with his Latin version of Gregory's works, and has been repeatedly reprinted.
(2.) A Commentary on the Klimax, Climanx, " Scala Paradisi," or Ladder of Paradise of Joannes or John surnanmed Scholasticus or Climacus. This commentary, which has never been published, but is extant in MS., is described by Rader in his edition of the Climax, as very bulky. Some extracts are embodied in the Scholia of a later commentator given by Rader.
(3.) An answer respecting virgins espoused before the age of puberty. This is extant in MS. in the King's Library at Paris, in the catalogue of which the author is described as the metropolitan of Crete.
(4.) Answers to Dionysius the Monk on his seven different questions, given by Binefidius (Juris Orient. Libri, iii.) and Leunclavius (Jus Gr. Rom. i.).
  It is not known that any other works of his are extant. Nicolaus Commenus in his Praenotiones Mystagogicae cites other works, but they tire probably lust. One was On the Morals of the Heathens, and the others were Answers to the Monks of Corinth, To the Monks of Asea, and To the Solitary Monks. Harless incorrectly ascribes to Elias of Crete the work of Elias or Helias of Charax on versification. (Cave, Hist. Lit. vol. i.; Rader, Isgoge ad Scalam St. Joannis Climaci, prefixed to his edition of that work; Oudin, Commentarii de Scriptor. et Scriptis Ecclesiasticis, vol. ii. col. 1066, &c.; Fabric Bibl. Graec. vol. viii., ix., xi.; Catalogus Librorum Manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Regiae, Paris, 1740.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

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