Constantius, a presbyter of Lyons, who flourished towards the close of the fifth century, has been characterised by a French writer as at once the Maecenas and the Aristarchus of the literary men of that period, fostering them by his munificence and training them to excellence by his counsel. We find four letters addressed to him by his friend Sidonius Apollinaris, from the first of which we learn, that this collection of epistles was made at his suggestion and submitted to his criticism and correction. Constantius, at the request of Patiens, bishop of Lyons, drew up a biography of Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, who died in A. D. 448. This work, entitled Vita S. Germani Episcopi Autissiodorensis, appears from the second dedication to have been completed about A. D. 488, and is contained in the compilations of Surius and of the Bollandists under the Saints of July. It was rendered into verse by Ericus, a Benedictine monk of Auxerre, who lived about A. D. 989, and translated into French by Arnauld d'Andilly. Some persons have ascribed to Constantins the "Vita S. Justi Lugdunensis Episcopi", who died in A. D. 390, but there is no evidence that he was the author. This performance also will be found in Surius under September 2nd, and has been translated into French by Le Maitre de Sacy in his " Vies des Peres du Desert".
This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Eucherius, bishop of Lyons, was born, during the latter half of the fourth century,
of an illustrious family. His father Valerianus is by many believed to be the
Valerianus who about this period held the office of Praefectus Galliae, and was
a near relation of the emperor Avitus. Eucherius married Gallia, a lady not inferior
to himself in station, by whom he had two sons, Salonius and Veranius, and two
daughters, Corsortia and Tutllia. About the year A. D. 410, while still in of
his age, he determined to retire from the world, and accordingly betook himself,
with his wife and family, first to Lerins (Lerinum), and from thence to the neighboring
island of Lero or St. Margaret, where he lived the life of a hermit, devoting
himself to the education of his children, to literature, and to the exercises
of religion. During his retirement in this secluded spot, he acquired so high
a reputation for learning and sanctity, that he was chosen bishop of Lyons about
A. D. 434, a dignity enjoyed by him until his death, which is believed to have
happened in 450, under the emperors Valentinianus III. and Marcianus. Veranius
was appointed his successor in the episcopal chair,while Salonius became the head
of the church at Geneva.
The following works bear the name of this prelate:
I. De laude Eremi, written about the year A. D. 428, in the form of an epistle to IIilarius of Arles. It would appear that Eucherius, in his passion for a solitary life, had at one time formed the project of visiting Egypt, that he might profit by the bright example of the anchorets who thronged the deserts near the Nile. He requested information from Cassianus , who replied by addressing to him some of those collationes in which are painted in such lively colours the habits and rules pursued by the monks and eremites of the Thebaid. The enthusiasm excited by these details called forth the letter bearing the above title.
2. Epistola paraenetica ad Valerianum cognatum de contenmtu mundi et secularis philosophiae, composed about A. D. 432, in which the author endeavours to detach his wealthy and magnificent kinsman from the pomps and vanities of the world. An edition with scholia was published by Erasmus at Basle in 1520.
3. Liber formularum spiritalis intelligentiae ad Veranium filium, or, as the title sometimes appears, De forma spiritalis intellectus, divided into eleven chapters, containing an exposition of many phrases and texts in Scripture upon allegorical, typical, and mystical principles.
4. Instructionum Libri II. ad Salonium filium. The first book treats "De Qnaestionibus difficilioribus Veteris et Novi Testamenti", the second contains "Explicationes nominum Herbraicorum".
5. Homiliae. Those, namely, published by Livineius at the end of the "Sermones Catechetici Theodori Studitae," Antverp., 8vo. 1602.
The authenticity of the following is very doubtful:
6. Historia Passionis S. Mauritii et Sociorum Martyrum Legionis Felicis Thebaeae Agaunensium.
7. Exhortatio ad Monachos, the first of three printed by Holstenius in his "Codex Regularum", Rom. 1661.
8. Epitome Operum Cassiani.
No complete collection of the works of Eucherius has ever been published. The various editions of the separate tracts are carefully enumerated by Schonemanan, and the greater number of them will be found in the "Chronologia S. insulae Lerinensis", by Vincentius Barralis, Lugdun. 1613; in "D. Eucherii Lug. Episc. doctiss. Lucubrationes cura Joannis Alexandri Brassicani", Basil. 1531; in the Bibliotheca Patrum, Colon. 1618; and in the Bibl. Pat. Max. Lugdun.1677.
This Eucherius must not be confounded with another Gaulish prelate of the same name who flourished during the early part of the sixth century, and was a member of ecclesiastical councils held in Gaul during the years A. D. 524, 527, 529. The latter, although a bishop, was certainly not bishop of Lyons.
There is yet another Eucherius who was bishop of Orleans in the eighth century.
This text is from: A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890) (eds. William Smith, LLD, William Wayte, G. E. Marindin). Cited Dec 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
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