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Listed 13 sub titles with search on: Mythology for wider area of: "SKYTHIA Ancient country RUSSIA" .


Mythology (13)

First ancestors

SKYTHIA (Ancient country) RUSSIA

Agathyrsus - Agathyrsi

ΆΡΟΣ


Gelonus, Geloni


Founders

Arpoxais

One of the sons of Targitaus the legendary founder of the Scythian people.


Fowls

Gryps (Griffin or Gryphon)

Gryps or Gryphus (Trups), a griffin, a fabulous, bird-like species of animals, dwelling in the Rhipaean mountains, between the Hyperboreans and the one-eyed Arimaspians, and guarding the gold of the north. The Arismaspians mounted on horseback, and attempted to steal the gold, and hence arose the hostility between the horse and the griffin. The body of the griffin was that of a lion, while the head and wings were those of an eagle. This monstrous conception suggests that the origin of the belief in griffins must be looked for in the east, where it seems to have been very ancient. (Herod. iii. 116, iv. 13, 27; Paus. i. 24.6. viii. 2.3; Aelian, H. A. iv. 27; Plin. H. N. vii. 2, x. 70.) Hesiod seems to be the first writer that mentioned them, and in the poem " Arimaspae " of Aristeas they must have played a prominent part. (Schol. ad Aeschyl. Prom. 793.) At a later period they are mentioned among the fabulous animals which guarded the gold of India. (Philostr. Vit. Apollon. iii. 48.) The figures of griffins were frequently employed as ornaments in works of art ; the earliest instance of which we have any record is the bronze patera, which the Samians ordered to be made about B. C. 640. (Herod. iv. 152; comp. 79.) They were also represented on the helmet of the statue of Athena by Phidias. (Paus. l. c.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Gods & demigods

FANAGORIA (Ancient city) SKYTHIA

Aphrodite Apaturia

Apaturia. A surname of Aphrodite at Phanagoria and other places in the Taurian Chersonesus, where it originated, according fo tradition, in this way : Aphrodite was attacked by giants, and called Heracles to her assistance. He concealed himself with her in a cavern, and as the giants approached her one by one, she surrendered them to Heracles to kill them. (Strab. xi.; Steph. Byz. s. v. Apatouron)


Heroes

SKYTHIA (Ancient country) RUSSIA

Helorus

Helorus, (Heloros), a son of the Scythian Istrus, and brother of Actaeus. Later traditions state that he accompanied Telephus in the war against Troy. (Philostr. Her. ii. 15; Tzetz. Antehom. 274.)


Historic figures

Scythes, Scythians


Kings

Colexais or Colaxes

Colexais or Colaxes (Kolaxais), an ancient king of the Scythians, a son of Targitaus, who, according to the Scythian tradition, reigned about 1000 years previous to the expedition of Dareius into Scythia. (Herod. iv. 5, &c.; Val. Flacc. vi. 48)


Mythical monsters

YLEA (Ancient country) SKYTHIA

Echidna

Echidna. A monster and robber in Greek legends, half maiden, half snake, the daughter of Chrysaor and Callirrhoe, or, according to another story, of Tartarus and Gaea. Her home was the country of the Arimi in Cilicia, where she brought forth to Typhoeus a number of monsters, Cerberus, the Chimaera, Sphinx, Scylla, the serpent of Lerna, the Nemean lion, the vulture that devoured the liver of Prometheus, etc. She was surprised in her sleep and slain by Argus.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Dec 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Echidna: The black-eyed daughter of Tartarus and Gaea. She was half-woman, half-serpent, and mated with her brother, the monster Typhon. They had the dogs of the underworld Cerberus and Orthrus, the Hydra, Chimera, the Sphinx as well as the eagle that ate Prometheus liver every day.
  Echidna lived with Typhon in Asia. She once stole the horses of Heracles, and would not return them until he slept with her. From this the triplets Agathyrsus, Gelanus and Scythes were born.
  The latter became the king of the Scythians. Echidna was eventually killed in her sleep by Argus Panopes, a grandson.

This text is cited Sept 2003 from the In2Greece URL below.


Echidna, a daughter of Tartarus and Ge (Apollod. ii. 1.2), or of Chrysaor and Callirrhoe (Hesiod. Theog. 295), and according to others again, of Peiras and Styx (Paus. viii. 18.1). Echidna was a monster, half maiden and half serpent, with black eyes, fearful and bloodthirsty. She was the destruction of man, and became by Typhon the mother of the Chimaera, of the many-headed dog Orthus, of the hundredheaded dragon who guarded the apples of the Hesperides, of the Colchian dragon, of the Sphinx, Cerberus, Scylla, Gorgon, the Lernaean Hydra, of the eagle which consumed the liver of Prometheus, and of the Nemean lion (Hes. Theog. 307; Apollod. ii. 3.1, 5.10-11, iii. 5.8; Hygin. Fab. Praef., and Fab. 151). She was killed in her sleep by Argus Panoptes (Apollod. ii. 1.2). According to Hesiod she lived with Typhon in a cave in the country of the Arimi, whereas the Greeks on the Euxine conceived her to have lived in Scythia. When Heracles, they said, carried away the oxen of Geryones, he also visited the country of the Scythians, which was then still a desert. Once while he was asleep there, his horses suddenly disappeared, and when he woke and wandered about in search of them, he came into the country of Hylaea. He there found the monster Echidna in a cave. When he asked whether she knew anything about his horses, she answered, that they were in her own possession, but that she would not give them up, unless lie would consent to stay with her for a time. Heracles complied with the request, and became by her the father of Agathyrsus, Gelonus, and Scythes. The last of then became king of the Scythians, according to his father's arrangement, because he was the only one among the three brothers that was able to manage the bow which Heracles had left behind, and to use his father's girdle. (Herod. iv. 8-10)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Dec 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Remarkable selections

SKYTHIA (Ancient country) RUSSIA

Targitaus

By legend the earliest Scythian, son of Zeus and Borysthenes, a thousand years before Darius invasion.


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