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Listed 43 sub titles with search on: Mythology for destination: "SIKYON Ancient city CORINTHIA".


Mythology (43)

Eponymous founders or settlers

Aegialeus

Aegialeus. A son of Inachus and the Oceanid Melia, from whom the part of Peloponnesus afterwards called Achaia derived its name of Aegialeia (Apollod. ii. 1.1). According to a Sicyonian tradition he was an autochthon, brother of Phoroneus and first king of Sicyon, to whom the foundation of the town of Aegialeia was ascribed (Paus. ii. 5.5, vii. 1.1).


Historic figures

Sicyon and Zeuxippe

Sicyon; Son of Metion or Erechtheus or Marathon or Pelops, gives his name to the city. Zeuxippe; Daughter of Lamedon, wife of Sicyon.


Gods & demigods

Dionysus Acroreites

Acroreites (Akroreites), a surname of Dionysus, under which he was worshipped at Sicyon, and which is synonymous with Eriphius, under which name he was worshipped at Metapontum in southern Italy. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Akroreia.)


Hera Alexander

Alexander (Alexandros), the defender of men, a surname of Hera under which she was worshipped at Sicyon. A temple had been built there to Hera Alexandros by Adrastus after his flight from Argos. (Schol. ad Pind. Nem. ix. 30 ; comp. Apollod. iii. 12.5)


Apotropaei (Apotropaioi)

Apotropaei (Apotropaioi), certain divinities, by whose assistance the Greeks believed that they were able to avert any threatening danger or calamity. Their statues stood at Sicyon near the tomb of Epopeus (Paus. ii. 11.2). The Romans likewise worshipped gods of this kind, and called them dii averrunci, derived from averruncare. (Varro, de L. L. vii. 102; Gellius, v. 12)


Kings

Androdamas

Son of Phlias and Chthonophyle, sets up image of Dionysus.


Apis

Son of Telchis, Peloponnese originally called Apia after him.


Apis. A son of Telchis, and father of Thelxion. He was king at Sicyon, and is said to have been such a powerful prince, that previous to the arrival of Pelops, Peloponnesus was called after him Apia. (Paus. ii. 5.5..)


Epopeus & Antiope

Antiope. In Homer a daughter of the Boeotian river-god Asopus, mother by Zeus of Amphion and Zethus. In later legend her father is Nycteus of Hyria or Hysiae. As he threatened to punish her for yielding to the approaches of Zeus under the form of a satyr, she fled to Epopeus of Sicyon. This king her uncle Lycus killed by order of his brother Nycteus, now dead, and led her back in chains. Arrived on Mount Cithaeron, she gave birth to twins--Amphion by Zeus, Zethus by Epopeus--whom Lycus left exposed upon the mountain. After being long imprisoned and ill-treated by Dirce, the wife of Lycus , she escaped to Cithaeron, and made acquaintance with her sons, whom a shepherd had brought up. She made them take a frightful vengeance upon Dirce by tying her to a furious bull, for doing which Dionysus drove her mad, and she wandered through Greece until Phocus, king of Phocis, healed her and made her his wife.
Epopeus. Son of Poseidon and Canace, the daughter of Aeolus, brother of Aloeus. He migrated from Thessaly to Sicyon, where he became king. He was killed by Lycus for the sake of Antiope, who, it was alleged, was by him mother of Zethus.
These texts are from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
Cited Sept. 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks.


Epopeus, a son of Poseidon and Canace. He came from Thessaly to Sicyon, were he succeeded in the kingdom, as Corax died without leaving any heir to his throne. He carried away from Thebes the beautiful Antiope, the daughter of Nycteus, who therefore made war upon Epopeus. The two hostile kings died of the wounds which they received in the war; but previous to his death Epopeus dedicated a temple to Athena. (Paus. ii. 6.1; Apollod. i. 7.4). Pausanias (ii. 1.1) calls him a son of Aloeus, whereas he is commonly described as a brother of Aloeus. The temple of Athena which he had built at Sicyon was destroyed by lightning, but his tomb was preserved and shewn there to a very late period. (Paus. ii. 11.1) Another mythical being of this name occurs in Ovid. (Met. iii. 618, &c.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks



Europs

Son of Aegialeus. (Paus. ii. 5.5, 34.5)


Telchis

Son of Europs.


Thelxion

Son of Apis.


Aegyrus

Son of Thelxion.


Thurimachus

Son of Aegyrus.


Leukippus (Leukippos)

Leukippus. A son of Thurimachus, and father of Calchinia, was king of Sicyon. (Paus. ii. 5.5.)


Peratus

Son of Poseidon and Calchinia.


Plemnaeus

Son of Peratus, founds sanctuary of Demeter, for bringing up his son.


Orthopolis

Son of Plemnaeus, nursed by Demeter.


Coronus

Coronus, a son of Apollo by Chrysorthe, father of Corax and Lamedon, king of Sicyon. (Paus. ii. 5.5)


Corax

Son of Coronus.


Lamedon & Pheno

Lamedon: Son of Coronus, king of Aegialus, fetches Sicyon from Attica. Pheno: Daughter of Clytius, wife of Lamedon.


Ianiscus

Descendant of Clytius, king of Sicyon.


Phaestus

Son of Herakles, king of Sicyon, sacrifices to Herakles, migrates to Crete.


Zeuxippus

Son of Apollo and Syllis, king of Sicyon.


Rhopalus

Son of Phaestus.


Hippolytus

Son of Rhopalus, king of Sicyon, submits to Agamemnon.


Lacestades

Son of Hippolytus, shares kingdom of Sicyon with Phalces.


Phalces

Son of Temenus, seizes Sicyon, founds temple of Hera at Sicyon, with his brother Cerynes carries off his sister Hyrnetho, kills Hyrnetho.


Heroes

Agasicles

Son of Nicagora.


Phanes

A Theban, brings image of Dionysus to Sicyon.


Heroines

Calchinia

Daughter of Leucippus, mother of Peratus by Poseidon.


Chrysorthe

Daughter of Orthopolis, mother of Coronus by Apollo.


Chthonophyle

Daughter of Sicyon, mother of Polybus by Hermes, wife of Phlias.


Lysianassa

Daughter of Polybus, wife of Talaus.


Aristodeme or Aristodama

Aristodeme, a Sicyonian woman, who, according to a local tradition of Sicyon, became the mother of Aratus by Asclepius, in the form of a dragon (serpent). A painting of her and the dragon existed at Sicyon in the temple of Asclepius. (Paus. ii. 10.3, iv. 14.5). A daughter of Priam of this name occurs in Apollod. iii. 12.5.


Nicagora

Sicyonian woman, wife of Echetimus, brings Aesculapius to Sicyon.


Echetimus, (Echetimos), of Sicyon, was the husband of Nicagora, who was believed to have brought the image of Asclepius, in the form of a dragon, from Epidaurus to Sicyon, on a car drawn by mules. (Paus. ii. 10.3.)


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