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Listed 67 sub titles with search on: Mythology for destination: "KORINTHOS Ancient city PELOPONNISOS".


Mythology (67)

Historic figures

Corinthus

Corinthus (Korinthos), according to the local tradition of Corinth, a son of Zeus and the founder of the town of Corinth (Paus. ii . 1.1; Schol. ad Pind. Nem. vii. 155). There are two other mythical beings of this name. (Paus. ii. 3.8; Apollod. iii. 16.2)


Gods & demigods

Epimetheus "He who thinks after"

  Titan son of the Titan Laepethus and Oceanus' daughter Clymene or Themis.
  His brother was Prometheus and together they had the task to create the human beings and give them what they would need to survive. Prometheus made the humans out of clay and stole the fire from Zeus and brought it to them, which he was severely punished for.
  Epimetheus married the first woman, Pandora, and as a wedding gift the gods gave her a box that was never to be opened. Not being able to resist her curiosity, Pandora eventually opened it, and all the sorrows and sicknesses of the world flew out of it. She closed the box, but only hope remained.
  The couple had a daughter: Pyrrha, wife of Deucalion.

This text is cited Sept 2003 from the In2Greece URL below.



Epimetheus : Various WebPages


Athena Chalinitis

Chalinitis, the tamer of horses by means of the bridle (Chalinos), a surname of Athena, under which she had a temple at Corinth. In order to account for the name, it is related, that she tamed Pegasus and gave him to Bellerophontes, although the general character of the goddess is sufficient to explain the surname. (Paus. ii. 4.1)


Dionysus Lysius

Lysius (Lusios), i. e. the Deliverer, a surname of Dionysus, under which he was worshipped at Corinth, where there was a carved image of the god, the whole figure of which was gilt, while the face was painted red. (Paus. ii. 2. Β§ 5.) He was also worshipped at Sicyon, where the Theban Phanes was said to have introduced the god (ii. 7. Β§ 6), and at Thebes. In the last-mentioned place he had a sanctuary near one of the gates, and there was a story that the god had received the surname from the fact of his once having delivered Theban prisoners from the hands of the Thracians in the neighbourhood of Haliartus (ix. 16. Β§ 4; Orph. Hymn. 49, 2, &c.)


Ancient myths

Pegasus & Chimaera

Chimera was a monster living in Lycia. Iobates, the king of Lycia, asked Bellerophontes to kill it. Bellerophontes asked for a divination and learned that he had to take Pegasus with him, in order to kill the monster and come back alive. Athina helped Bellerophontes with Pegasus, he went for Chimera riding it and he managed to kill it and go back unharmed.


Pegasus (Pegasos). The celebrated winged horse, whose origin is thus related: When Perseus struck off the head of Medusa, with whom Poseidon had had intercourse in the form of a horse or a bird, there sprang from her Chrysaor and the horse Pegasus. The latter received this name because he was believed to have made his appearance near the sources (pegai) of Oceanus. He ascended to the seats of the immortals, and afterwards lived in the palace of Zeus, for whom he carried thunder and lightning. According to this view, which is apparently the most ancient, Pegasus was the thundering horse of Zeus; but later writers describe him as the horse of Eos, and place him among the stars.
Pegasus also acts a prominent part in the combat of Bellerophon against the Chimaera. In order to kill the Chimaera, it was necessary for Bellerophon to obtain possession of Pegasus. For this purpose the soothsayer Polyidus at Corinth advised him to spend a night in the temple of Athene. As Bellerophon was asleep in the temple, the goddess appeared to him in a dream commanding him to sacrifice to Poseidon, and gave him a golden bridle. When he awoke he found the bridle, offered the sacrifice, and caught Pegasus while he was drinking at the well Pirene. According to some, Athene herself tamed and bridled Pegasus, and surrendered him to Bellerophon. After he had conquered the Chimaera he endeavoured to rise up to heaven upon his winged horse, but fell down upon the earth.
Pegasus was also regarded as the horse of the Muses, and in this connection is more celebrated in modern times than in antiquity; for with the ancients he had no connection with the Muses, except producing with his hoof the inspiring fountain Hippocrene. The story about this fountain runs as follows: When the nine Muses engaged in a contest with the nine daughters of Pierus on Mount Helicon, all became darkness when the daughters of Pierus began to sing; whereas, during the song of the Muses, heaven, the sea, and all the rivers stood still to listen, and Helicon rose heavenward with delight, until Pegasus, on the advice of Poseidon, stopped its ascent by kicking it with his hoof. From this kick there arose Hippocrene, the inspiring well of the Muses, on Mount Helicon, which, for this reason, Persius calls fons caballinus. Others, again, relate that Pegasus caused the well to gush forth because he was thirsty. Pegasus is often seen represented in ancient works of art with Athene and Bellerophon.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited September 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Further information concerning Chimaera can be found in Lycia .


The myth of Medea & Glauce

Mermerus and Pheres are said to have been stoned to death by the Corinthians owing to the gifts which legend says they brought to Glauce. But as their death was violent and illegal, the young babies of the Corinthians were destroyed by them until, at the command of the oracle, yearly sacrifices were established in their honour and a figure of Terror was set up. This figure still exists, being the likeness of a woman frightful to look upon but after Corinth was laid waste by the Romans and the old Corinthians were wiped out, the new settlers broke the custom of offering those sacrifices to the sons of Medea, nor do their children cut their hair for them or wear black clothes.


Creusa (Kreousa). A daughter of Creon , king of Corinth, and wife of Iason. She received from Medea, as bridal presents, a diadem and a robe, both of which had been prepared with magic art and saturated with deadly poisons. On arraying herself in these, flames burst forth and destroyed her. Creon , the father of the princess, perished in a similar way, having thrown himself upon the body of his dying daughter, and being afterwards unable to extricate himself from the embrace of the corpse. According to the scholiast, she was also called Glauce.



Alcimenes. One of the sons of Jason and Medeia. When Jason subsequently anted to marry Glauce, his sons Alcimenes and Tisander were murdered by Medeia, and were afterwards buried by Jason in the sanctuary of Hera at Corinth. (Diod. iv. 54, 55.)


Amphilochus & Tisiphone

Euripides says that in the time of his madness Alcmaeon begat two children, Amphilochus and a daughter Tisiphone, by Manto, daughter of Tiresias, and that he brought the babes to Corinth and gave them to Creon, king of Corinth, to bring up; and that on account of her extraordinary comeliness Tisiphone was sold as a slave by Creon's spouse, who feared that Creon might make her his wedded wife. But Alcmaeon bought her and kept her as a handmaid, not knowing that she was his daughter, and coming to Corinth to get back his children he recovered his son also.

This extract is from: Apollodorus, Library and Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer, 1921). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


Personifications

Apate (Fraud)

Apate was one of the Spirits that came out of Pandora's box.


Eunomia, Dike & Eirene

I shall recognize prosperous Corinth, the portal of Isthmian Poseidon, glorious in her young men. There dwell Eunomia and her sisters, the secure foundation of cities: Dike, and Eirene, who was raised together with her, the guardians of wealth for men, the golden daughters of wise Themis. (Pindar, Odes)


Prophasis (Pretence)

daughter of Epimetheus


Hybris

They (Corintians) are resolute in repelling Hybris (Pind. O..13.10)


Hybris: Perseus Encyclopedia


Deima

Deima, the personification of fear. She was represented in the form of a fearful woman, on the tomb of Medeia's children at Corinth. (Paus. ii. 3. § 6.)


Mythical monsters

Mormo

Mormo was a demonic figure that the ancients used to scare children with, telling them that she bites naughty children and makes them crippled.


Kings

Ornytion

Son of Sisyphus, father of Phocus and Thoas.


Thoas

Son of Ornytion, king of Corinth.


Creon

Creon (Kreon), a mythical king of Corinth, a son of Lycaethus (Hygin. Fab. 25, calls him a son of Menoecus, and thus confounds him with Creon of Thebes). His daughter, Glauce, married Jason, and Medeia, who found herself forsaken, took vengeance by sending Glauce a garment which destroyed her by fire when she put it on (Apollod. i. 9. 28; Schol. ad Eurip. Med. 20). According to Hyginus Medeia's present consisted of a crown, and Creon perished with his daughter, who is there called Creusa. (Comp. Diod. iv. 54)


Polybus & Periboea

Polybus: A king of Corinth, fosterfather of Oedipus.


Polybus: king of Corinth, his neatherds find the exposed Oedipus (Apollod. 3.5.7)
Periboea: wife of Polybus, king of Corinth, receives and adopts Oedipus (Apollod. 3.5.7)


Damophon

Son of Thoas, king of Corinth. (Paus. 2.4.3)


Propodas

Son of Damophon, king of Corinth.


Doridas

Son of Propodas, king of Corinth.


Hyanthidas

Son of Propodas, king of Corinth.


Aletes

Doridas and Hyanthidas gave up the kingship to Aletes and remained at Corinth, but the Corinthian people were conquered in battle and expelled by the Dorians. Aletes himself and his descendants reigned for five generations to Bacchis, the son of Prumnis (Paus. 2.4.3)


Aletes, a son of Hippotes and a descendant of Heracles in the fifth degree. He is said to have taken possession of Corinth, and to have expelled the Sisyphids, thirty years after the first invasion of Pelopennesus by the Heraclids. His family, sometimes called the Aletidae, maintained themselves at Corinth down to the time of Bacchis (Paus. ii. 4.3, v. 18.2; Strab. viii.; Callim. Fragm. 103; Pind. Ol. xiii. 17). Velleius Paterculus (i. 3) calls him a descendant of Heracles in the sixth degree. He received an oracle, promising him the sovereignty of Athens, if during the war, which was then going on, its king should remain uninjured. This oracle became known at Athens, and Codrus sacrificed himself for his country.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks



Prumnis

Father of Bacchis.


Bacchis

Son of Prumnis


Bacchiadae. Royal family of Corinth. (Paus. 2.4.4)


Telestes

Son of Aristodemus, last king of Corinth


Telestes: Perseus Project index


Heroines

Enarete

Daughter of Deimachus, wife of Aeolus, mother of Sisyfus.


Alcidamea

Mother of Bunus by Hermes.


Constellations

Merope, of the Pleiades in Taurus

One of the Pleiades in Taurus, or Seven Sisters. She married Sisyphus, by whom she had a son, Glaucus. Merope was the only Pleiad to marry a mortal, and the star that she represents shines less bright than those which represent her sisters. . .


Pegasus

Bellerophontes, owner of Pegasus, thought that he could fly up to Olympus with the winged horse and see the gods. Zeus would not let that happen, so he sent a horsefly to bite Pegasus. Bellerophontes fell down and Pegasus flew to Olympus alone, where Zeus kept it and placed its figure in the sky in the shape of a constellation.


Constellation Delphinus

  According to one Greek myth, the musician named Arion was the greatest singer who ever existed. He was the court musician for the King of Corinth, Periander. So great was Arion's fame that he made a tour of Sicily. During his visit to Sicily he was awarded many prizes and given gold and much money. Now the crew of the vessel waiting to take Arion back to Corinth knew of his newly acquired wealth. They plotted to steal it from him and then cast him into the sea sometime during the return voyage. In a dream, Arion was informed by Apollo of the plot against his life. When the time came and the murderous crew made their move, Arion made one last request--that he be permitted to sing a farewell song. The crew could see no danger in that and agreed. So he dressed in his finest court garments and stood on the bow of the ship and began to sing. So sweet was his song that sea creatures of many kinds surrounded the ship to listen. Among them was a school of dolphins. Arion saw that the dolphins seemed very pleased with his song and just before he reached the end of it he plunged overboard amid the dolphins. One of the animals caught him before he struck the water and raced off with him towards Corinth. It was with great difficulty that Arion hung on, so swift was the dolphin's course through the sea. The startled crew looked on helplessly and believed that surly Arion would fall off the dolphin and drown. But the dolphin safely carried Arion to Corinth. Arion told the king of the crew's plot and when the vessel docked, Periander was waiting for them. The crew said that Arion had decided to remain in Sicily, so great was the wealth he had acquired there. When Arion stepped into view and the crew saw him, they were so terrified they confessed their plot. King Periander crucified them to the last man. So pleased was Apollo with the good dolphin's role in rescuing Arion that the god gave the dolphin a place among the stars.


Heroes

Thersander

Son of Sisyphus, father of Haliartus and Coronus.


Metabus

A son of Sisyphus, the founder of Metapontum


Aeetes

Perseus Encyclopedia


Phocus

Phocus (2): Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)


Alcimenes

Alcimenes. A son of Glaucus, who was unintentionally killed by his brother Bellerophon. According to some traditions, this brother of Bellerophon was called Deliades, or Peiren. (Apollod. ii. 3.1)


Bunus

Son of Hermes and Alcidamea, founds sanctuary of Hera.


Melas

Son of Antasus, joins Dorian expedition against Corinth, obtains leave to settle at Corinth.


Deliades

brother of Bellerophon, accidentally killed by him


Almus

Perseus Encyclopedia


Hippotes

Hippotes, son of Creon, who accused Medeia of the murder she had committed on his sister and his father. (Diod. iv. 54. &c.; Schol. ad Eurip. Med. 20.)


Gods & heroes related to the location

Anticlea

(Antikleia). The daughter of Autolycus, wife of Laertes, and mother of Odysseus. She died of grief at the long absence of her son. It is said that before marrying Laertes she lived on intimate terms with Sisyphus; whence Odysseus is sometimes called a son of Sisyphus.


Oedipus

believes himself a Corinthian


Further information concerning Medea can be found in Colchis (ancient country) .


The inhabitants founded the cities:

Syracuse

There is another legend about the Alpheius. They say that there was a hunter called Alpheius, who fell in love with Arethusa, who was herself a huntress. Arethusa, unwilling to marry, crossed, they say, to the island opposite Syracuse called Ortygia, and there turned from a woman to a spring. Alpheius too was changed by his love into the river. [3] This account of Alpheius...to Ortygia.1 But that the Alpheius passes through the sea and mingles his waters with the spring at this place I cannot disbelieve, as I know that the god at Delphi confirms the story. For when he despatched Archias the Corinthian to found Syracuse he uttered this oracle: An isle, Ortygia, lies on the misty ocean / Over against Trinacria, where the mouth of Alpheius bubbles / Mingling with the springs of broad Arethusa. For this reason, therefore, because the water of the Alpheius mingles with the Arethusa, I am convinced that the legend arose of the river's love-affair.
This extract is from: Pausanias Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Harvard University Press
Cited Sept 2002 from Perseus Project URL bellow, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


Remarkable selections

Hyperbius & Euryalus the inventors of brick walls

Hyperbius (Huperbios), of Corinth, a mythical artist, to whom, in conjunction with Agrolas or Euryalus, the invention of brick walls is ascribed. Another tradition made him the inventor of the potter's wheel. (Paus. i. 28.3, Bekker's text; Schol. ad Pind. Ol. xiii.; Plin. H. N. vii. 56.)


The brothers Euryalus and Hyperbius, were the first who constructed brick-kilns and houses at Athens; before which, caves in the ground served for houses.
Commentary:
Pausanias, in his "Attica," calls the two brothers Agrolas and Hyperbius. Some commentators have supposed, that these names, as well as Doxius and Caelus, mentioned below (in Pliny's text), are merely symbolical, and that the personages are fictitious


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