As the supreme lord of heaven, he was worshipped under the name of Olympian Zeus in many parts of Greece, but especially in Olympia, where the Olympian Games were celebrated in his honour. The cult of Zeus at the ancient seat of the oracle at Dodona recognized his character as dispenser of the fertilizing dew. Among the numerous mountaincults in the Peloponnesus, the oldest and most original was that of the Lycaean Zeus, on Mount Lycaeus in Arcadia, where human beings were actually sacrificed to him in propitiation.
This extract is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited April 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Lycaeus (Lukaios), sometimes also Lyceus, a surname of certain divinities worshipped on mount Lycaeum in Arcadia, as for instance Zeus, who had a sanctuary on it, in which the festival of the Lycaea was celebrated. No one was allowed to enter the temple, and if any one forced his way in, he was believed to stay within one year, and to lose his shadow (Paus. viii. 2. 1, 38. 4, &c.; Pind. Ol. xiii. 154). According to others those who entered it were stoned to death by the Arcadians, or were called stags, and obliged to take to flight to save their lives (Plut. Quaest. Graec. 39). Pan also was called the Lycaean, because he was born and had a sanctuary on mount Lycaeon (Paus. viii. 38. 4; Strab. viii.; Serv. ad Virg. Georg. i. 16; Virg. Aen. viii. 344). Lycaeus also occurs as a surname of Apollo.
This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
King of Arcadia, founder of the city-capital Lucosura , the oldest city than the sun looked upon
Bouphagus, (Bouphagos). A son of Iapetus and Thornaxe, an Arcadian hero and husband of Promne.
He received the wounded Iphicles, the brother of Heracles, into his house, and
took care of him until he died. Buphagus was afterwards killed by Artemis for
having pursued her. (Paus. viii. 14.6, 27. 11)
TRAPEZOUS (Ancient city) GORTYS
Hippothous (Hippothoos). A son of Cercyon, and father of Aepytus, who succeeded Agapenor as king in Arcadia, where he took up his residence, not at Tegea, but at Trapezus. (Paus. viii. 5.3, 45.4; Hygin. Fab. 173; Ov. Met. viii. 307)
Nymph, nurse of Zeus.
Hagno, an Arcadian nymph, who is said to have brought up Zeus. On Mount Lycaeus in Arcadia there was a well sacred to and named after her. When the country was suffering from drought, the priest of Zeus Lycaeus, after having offered up prayers and sacrifices, touched the surface of the well with the branch of an oak tree, whereupon clouds were formed immediately which refreshed the country with rain. The nymph Hagno was represented at Megalopolis carrying in one hand a pitcheri and in the other a patera. (Paus. viii. 38.3, 31.2, 47.2.)
VASSILIS (Ancient city) GORTYS
Son of Aepytus, king of Arcadia, gives his daughter Merope to Cresphontes to wife, brings up Aepytus, son of Cresphontes, founds Basilis, his family forfeits the kingdom.
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