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Listed 17 sub titles with search on: Mythology for wider area of: "PLATEES Small town VIOTIA" .


Mythology (17)

Aboriginals

PLATEES (Ancient city) VIOTIA

Plataeans

The Plataeans were originally, in my opinion, sprung from the soil


Ancient myths

KITHERON (Mountain) VIOTIA

Pentheus' misfortune

Son of Echion and Agave, king of Thebes, tries to stop the Bacchic orgies, is torn to pieces by his mother, insults Dionysus and is torn to pieces by Bacchanals on Mt. Cithaeron.


Actaeon & Artemis

Son of Aristaeus and Autonoe, a hunter, woos Semele or sees Artemis bathing, torn to pieces by his dogs, painted by Polygnotus, his death, his spectre, his bed, annual sacrifices to him.


Actaeon (Aktaion). Son of Aristaeus and Autonoe, a daughter of Cadmus. He was trained in the art of hunting by the centaur Cheiron, and was afterwards torn to pieces by his own 50 hounds on mount Cithaeron. The names of these hounds are given by Ovid (Met. iii. 206, &c.) and Hyginus. (Fab. 181; comp. Stat. Theb. ii. 203). The cause of this misfortune is differently stated: according to some accounts it was because he had seen Artemis while she was bathing in the vale of Gargaphia, on the discovery of which the goddess changed him into a stag, in which form he was torn to pieces by his own dogs. (Ov. Met. iii. 155, &c.; Hygin. Fab. 181; Callim. h. in Pallad. 110). Others relate that he provoked the anger of the goddess by his boasting that he excelled her in hunting, or by his using for a feast the game which was destined as a sacrifice to her. (Eurip. Bacch. 320; Diod. iv. 81). A third account stated that he was killed by his dogs at the command of Zeus, because he sued for the hand of Semele. (Acusilaus, ap. Apollod. iii. 4.4). Pausanias (ix. 2.3) saw near Orchomenos the rock on which Actaeon used to rest when he was fatigued by hunting, and from which he had seen Artemis in the bath; but he is of opinion that the whole story arose from the circumstance that Actaeon was destroyed by his dogs in a natural fit of madness. Palaephatus (s. v. Actaeon) gives an absurd and trivial explanation of it. According to the Orchomenian tradition the rock of Actaeon was haunted by his spectre, and the oracle of Delphi commanded the Orchomenians to bury the remains of the hero, which they might happen to find, and fix an iron image of him upon the rock. This image still existed in the time of Pausanias (ix. 38.4), and the Orchomenians offered annual sacrifices to Actaeon in that place. The manner in which Actaeon and his mother were painted by Polygnotus in the Lesche of Delphi, is described by Pausanias.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Sep 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


PLATEES (Ancient city) VIOTIA

Punishment of Actaeon by Artemis

On the road from Megara there is a spring on the right, and a little farther on a rock. It is called the bed of Actaeon, for it is said that he slept thereon when weary with hunting, and that into this spring he looked while Artemis was bathing in it. Stesichorus of Himera says that the goddess cast a deer-skin round Actaeon to make sure that his hounds would kill him, so as to prevent his taking Semele to wife.


The reconciliation of Hera to Zeus (Daedala)

Hera, they say, was for some reason or other angry with Zeus, and had retreated to Euboea. Zeus, failing to make her change her mind, visited Cithaeron, at that time despot in Plataea, who surpassed all men for his cleverness. So he ordered Zeus to make an image of wood, and to carry it, wrapped up, in a bullock wagon, and to say that he was celebrating his marriage with Plataea, the daughter of Asopus. ] So Zeus followed the advice of Cithaeron. Hera heard the news at once, and at once appeared on the scene. But when she came near the wagon and tore away the dress from the image, she was pleased at the deceit, on finding it a wooden image and not a bride, and was reconciled to Zeus. To commemorate this reconciliation they celebrate a festival called Daedala, because the men of old time gave the name of daedala to wooden images. (Paus. 9,3,1-3).


Heroines

Oeroe

Daughter of the Asopus.


Historic figures

KITHERON (Mountain) VIOTIA

PLATEES (Ancient city) VIOTIA

Plataea

Daughter of Asopus.


Kings

Cithaeron


Cithaeron, (Kithairon). A king of Plataea in Boeotia, remarkable for his wisdom. By his advice, Zeus pretended to be contracting a second marriage when Here had quarrelled with and left him. The scheme succeeded, and the goddess became reconciled to her spouse. This monarch is said to have given name to the wellknown mountain-range in Boeotia.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Cithaeron (Kithairon), a mythical king in Boeotia, from whom mount Cithaeron was believed to have derived its name. Once when Hera was angry with Zeus, Cithaeron advised the latter to take into his chariot a wooden statue and dress it up so as to make it resemble Plataea, the daughter of Asopus. Zeus followed his counsel, and as he was riding along with his pretended bride, Hera, overcome by her jealousy, ran up to him, tore the covering from the suspected bride, and on discovering that it was a statue, became reconciled to Zeus. (Paus. ix. 1.2, 3.1)


Damasistratus

King of Plataea, buries Laius.


Nymphs

KITHERON (Mountain) VIOTIA

Sphragitidae or Kithaeronean nymphs

(Paus. 9,3,9).


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