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Listed 24 sub titles with search on: Mythology for wider area of: "OLYMPIA Province ILIA" .


Mythology (24)

Ancient myths

SAMIKON (Ancient city) ILIA

Rhadine

   One poem entitled Rhadine (of which Stesichorus is reputed to be the author), which begins, "Come, thou clear-voiced Muse, Erato, begin thy song, voicing to the tune of thy lovely lyre the strain of the children of Samus," refers to the children of the Samus in question; for Rhadine, who had been betrothed to a tyrant of Corinth, the author says, set sail from Samus (not meaning, of course, the Ionian Samus) while the west wind was blowing, and with the same wind her brother, he adds, went to Delphi as chief of an embassy; and her cousin, who was in love with her, set out for Corinth in his chariot to visit her. And the tyrant killed them both and sent their bodies away on a chariot, but repented, recalled the chariot, and buried their bodies.


Colonizations by the inhabitants

MAKISTOS (Ancient city) ILIA

Eretria colonized by Eretrieus of Macistus

As for Eretria, some say that it was colonized from Triphylian Macistus by Eretrieus, but others say from the Eretria at Athens, which now is a marketplace.


Eponymous founders or settlers

ALIFIRA (Ancient city) ILIA

Alipherus

Alipherus or Halipherus (Alipheros), one of the sons of Lycaon, killed by Zeus with a flash of lightning for their insolence. (Apollod. iii. 8. § 1.) The town of Aliphera or Alipheira in Arcadia was believed to have been founded by him, and to have derived its name from him. (Paus. viii. 3.1, 26.4; Steph. Byz. s. v. Alipheira.)


LEPREON (Ancient city) ILIA

Lepreus

Son of Pyrgeus, challenges Herakles to eating-match, killed by Herakles.


Leprea

Leprea, a daughter of Pyrgeus, from whom the town of Lepreum, in the south of Elis, was said to have derived its name (Paus. v. 5.4). Another tradition derived the name from Lepreus, a son of Caucon, Glaucon, or Pyrgeus (Aelian, V. H. i. 24; Paus. v. 5.4), by Astydameia. He was a grandson of Poseidon (the Schol. ad Callim. Hymn. in Jov. 39, calls him a son of Poseidon), and a rival of Heracles both in his strength and his powers of eating, but he was conquered and slain by him. His tomb was believed to exist at Phigalia. (Athen. x.; Paus. l. c.; Eustath. ad Hom.)


Founders

ARINI (Ancient city) ILIA

Aphareus & Arene

Aphareus: Son of Perieres, king of Messenia, founds Arene, receives Tyndareus and Neleus, father of Idas and Lynceus and Pisus, his sons slain by Dioscuri and not buried at Sparta, tomb of A. at Sparta, A. and his children invoked as heroes by Messenians, their portraits. Arene: Daughter of Oebalus, half-sister and wife of Aphareus.


Aphareus, a son of the Messenian king Perieres and Gorgophone, the daughter of Perseus (Apollod. i. 9.5). His wife is called by Apollodorus (iii. 10.3) Arene, and by others Polydora or Laocoossa (Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 152; Theocrit. xxii. 106). Aphareus had three sons, Lynceus, Idas, and Peisus. He was believed to have founded the town of Arene in Messenia, which he called after his wife. He received Neleus and Lycus, the son of Pandion, who had fled from their countries into his dominions. To the former he assigned a tract of land in Messenia, and from the latter he and his family learned the orgies of the great gods (Paus. iv. 2.3, &c.). Pausanias in this passage mentions only the two sons of Aphareus, Idas and Lynceus, who are celebrated in ancient story under the name of Apharetidai or Apharetiadai, for their fight with the Dioscuri, which is described by Pindar (Nem. x. 111, &c.). Two other mythical personages of this name occur in Hom. Il. xiii. 541; Ov. Met. xii. 341.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Laocoosa

Laocoosa (Laokoosa), the wife of Aphareus, and mother of Idas. (Theocrit. xxii. 206; comp. Apollod. iii. 10. Β§ 3, who, however, calls the mother of Idas Arene.)


Gods & demigods

ALIFIRA (Ancient city) ILIA

Zeus Lecheates

Lecheates i. e. the protector of childbed, a surname of Zeus, who, as the father of Athena, was worshipped under this name at Aliphera. (Paus. viii. 26.4)


BASSAE (Ancient sanctuary) ILIA

Epicurius Apollo

Epicurius, (Epikourios), the helper, a surname of Apollo, under which lie was worshipped at Bassae in Arcadia. Every year a wild boar was sacrificed to him in his temple on mount Lycaeus. He had received this surname because he had at one time delivered the country from a pestilence. (Paus. viii. 383.6, 41.5.)


FIGALIA (Ancient city) ILIA

Dionysus Acratophorus

Acratophorus (Akratophoros), a surname of Dionysus, by which he was designated as the giver of unmixed wine, and worshipped at Phigaleia in Arcadia. (Paus. viii. 39.4)


Artemis Eurynome

Eurynome. A surname of Artemis at Phigalea in Arcadia. Her sanctuary which was surrounded by cypresses, was opened only once in every year, and sacrifices were then offered to her. She was represented half woman and half fish. (Paus. viii. 41.4.) There are four more mythical personages of this name. (Hom. Od. xviii. 168; Apollod. iii. 9.2.)


FRIZA (Ancient city) SKILOUNTA

Athena Cydonia

Cydonia (Kudonia), a surname of Athena, under which she had a temple at Phrixa in Elis, which was said to have been built by Clymenus of Cydonia. (Paus. vi. 21.5)


LEPREON (Ancient city) ILIA

Zeus Leucaeus

Leucaeus (Leukaios), a surname of Zeus, under which he was worshipped at Lepreus, in Elis. (Paus. v. 5.4)


MAKISTOS (Ancient city) ILIA

Heracles Macistus

Macistus (Makistos), a surname of Heracles, who had a temple in the neighbourhood of the town of Macistus in Triphylia. (Strab. viii.)


Heroes

FIGALIA (Ancient city) ILIA

Tharyx

Of Phigalia: husband of Hagnagora, sister of Aristomenes.


Historic figures

Phigalus

Son of Lycaon, founds Phigalia.


Phialus

Son of Bucolion.


Phigalia

A Dryad.


MAKISTOS (Ancient city) ILIA

Macistus

Macistus, a son of Athamas and brother of Phrixus, from whom the town of Macistus in Triphylia was believed to have derived its name. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Makistos.)


MINTHI (Mountain) ILIA

Minthe

Near Pylus, towards the east, is a mountain named after Minthe, who, according to myth, became the concubine of Hades, was trampled under foot by Core, and was transformed into garden-mint, the plant which some call Hedyosmos.


  Mintha or Minthe. A daughter of Cocytus, beloved by Hades, and metamorphosed by Demeter, or Persephone (Proserpina), into a plant called after her mintha, or mint. A hill near Pylos bore this name, and at its foot was a temple of Pluto and grove of Demeter.


THISSOA (Ancient city) ANDRITSENA

Nymph Thisoa

Nymph, nurse of Zeus.


Nymphs

SAMIKON (Ancient city) ILIA

Anigrides

Anigrides, the nymphs of the river Anigrus in Elis. On the coast of Elis, not far from the mouth of the river, there was a grotto sacred to them, which was visited by persons afflicted with cutaneous diseases. They were cured here by prayers and sacrifices to the nymphs, and by bathing in the river. (Paus. v. 5. 6; Strab. viii. Eustath. ad Hom.)


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