Mythology CRETE (Island) GREECE - GTP - Greek Travel Pages
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Listed 14 sub titles with search on: Mythology for destination: "CRETE Island GREECE".

Mythology (14)

Historic figures


Cres (Kres), a son of Zeus by a nymph of mount Ida, from whom the island of Crete was believed to have derived its name (Steph. Byz. s. v. Krete; Paus. viii. 53.3). According to Diodorus (v. 64), Cres was an Eteocretan, that is, a Cretan autochthon.

Curetes, Curetis

Curetis, a name given to Crete, as being the residence of the Curetes (Ovid, Met.viii. 136).

Gods & demigods

Plutus, (Ploutos)

The Greek personification of riches; born in Crete as the son of Demeter and her beloved Iasion or Iasius, whom Zeus, out of jealousy, killed with lightning. He was supposed to have been blinded by Zeus, so that he might distribute his gifts without choice. In Thebes and Athens he was represented as a child on the arm of Tyche and of Irene.

Demeter, bright goddess, was joined in sweet love with the hero Iasion in a thrice-ploughed fallow in the rich land of Crete, and bore Plutus, a kindly god who goes everywhere over land and the sea's wide back, and he makes rich the man who finds him and into whose hands he comes, bestowing great wealth upon him.

But when the bright goddess (Demeter) had taught them all, they went to Olympus to the gathering of the other gods. And there they dwell beside Zeus who delights in thunder, awful and reverend goddesses. Right blessed is he among men on earth whom they freely love: soon they do send Plutus as guest to his great house, Plutus who gives wealth to mortal men.

Iasion or Iasius (or Iasios). Son of Zeus and Electra, beloved by Demeter, who, in a thrice-ploughed field (tripolos), became by him the mother of Pluto or Plutus in Crete. He was slain by Zeus with a thunderbolt. From Iasion came the patronymic Iasides, a name given to Palinurus, as a descendant of Atlas.

Zeus Arbius

Arbius (Arbios), a surname of Zeus, derived from mount Arbias in Crete, where he was worshipped. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Apbis.)

Apollo Hylatus

Hylatus (Hulatos), a surname of Apollo derived from the town of Hyle in Crete, which was sacred to him. (Lycophr. 448, with Tzetzes' note; Steph. Byz. s. v. Hgle; Eustath. ad Hom. )



Leads Cretan colony to Asia, marries Manto , daughter of Tiresias.

Population movements

Cretans settle at Chios

Oenopion sailed with a fleet from Crete to Chios, accompanied by his sons Talus, Euanthes, Melas, Salagus and Athamas. Carians too came to the island, in the reign of Oenopion, and Abantes from Euboea. Oenopion and his sons were succeeded by Amphiclus, who because of an oracle from Delphi came from Histiaea in Euboea.

Troy was colonized from Crete

The existence of a mount Ida is adduced to prove that Troy was colonized from Crete.


Myths of Crete and Pre-Hellenic Europe

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