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Listed 9 sub titles with search on: Mythology  for wider area of: "THRAKI Ancient country BALKANS" .

Mythology (9)

Ancient myths

Tereus, Procne & Philomela

THRAKI (Ancient country) BALKANS
Philomela. The daughter of King Pandion in Attica, who, being dishonoured by her brother-in-law Tereus, was metamorphosed into a nightingale. The story is given under Tereus.


Daughter of Harpalycus, king in Thrace, brought up by her father as a warrior, on the milk of cows and mares. After his death she became a robber in the forest, being able to outrun horses. She was at last snared and killed by shepherds.

Harpalyce, (Harpaluke). A daughter of Harpalycus, king of the Amymnaeans in Thrace. As she lost her mother in her infancy, she was brought up by her father with the milk of cows and mares, and was trained in all manly exercises. After the death of her father, whom she had once delivered from the hand of the Myrmidones, she spent her time in the forests as a robber, being so swift in running that horses were unable to overtake her. At length, however, she was caught in a snare by shepherds, who killed her. (Serv. ad Virg. Aen. i. 321; Hygin. Fab. 193.)

Philammon & Argiope

Argiope, a nymph by whom Philammon begot the celebrated bard, Thamyris. She lived at first on mount Parnassus, but when Philammon refused to take her into his house as his wife, she left Parnassus and went to the country of the Odrysians in Thrace. (Apollod. i. 3.3; Paus. iv. 33.4) Two other mythical personages of this name occur in Diod. iv. 33, and Hygin. Fab. 178

Gods & demigods


(Bendis), a Thracian divinity in whom the moon was worshipped. Hesychius (s. v. dilonchon) says, that the poet Cratinus called this goddess dilonchos, either because she had to discharge two duties, one towards heaven and the other towards the earth, or because she bore two lances, or lastly, because she had two lights, the one her own and the other derived from the sun. In Greece she was sometimes identified with Persephone, but more commonly with Artemis. (Proclus, Theolog.) From an expression of Aristophanes, who in his comedy "The Lemnian Women" called her the megale theos (Phot. Lex. and Hesych. s. v.), it may be inferred, that she was worshipped in Lemnos; and it was either from this island or from Thrace that her worship was introduced into Attica; for we know, that as early as the time of Plato the Bendideia were celebrated in Peiraeeus every year on the twentieth of Thargelion. (Hesych. s. v. Bendis; Plat. Rep. i. 1; Proclus, ad Tim.; Xen. Hell. ii. 4.11; Strab. x.; Liv. xxxviii. 41.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Sep 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks



A Thracian, slain by Cycnus.



Polumestor. A Thracian king. He murdered Polydorus, the son of Priam, who had been intrusted to his protection, and was blinded by Hecuba and the captive Trojan women.


Iliona, a daughter of Priam and Hecabe, is not mentioned by the earlier poets and mythographers, but the later ones relate of her the following story. At the beginning of the Trojan war her parents entrusted to her her brother Polydorus, for she was married to Polymnestor or Polymestor, king of the Thracian Chersonesus. Iliona, with more than sisterly affection, brought up Polydorus as if he had been her own child, and represented her own son Deipylusas Polydorus. When Troy was taken and destroyed, the Greeks, desirous of destroying the whole race of Priam, promised Polymnestor a large sum of money and the hand of Electra, if he would kill Polydorus. Polymnestor accepted the proposal, but killed his own son Deipylus, whom he mistook for Polydorus. The latter thus escaped; and after having subsequently learned Polymnestor's crime, he and Iliona put out the eyes of Polymnestor, and then slew him. This legend was used by Pacuvius and Accius as subjects for tragedies (Hygin. Fab. 109, 240; Horat. Sat. ii. 3, 64; Serv. ad Aen. i. 653; Cic. Acad. ii. 27, Tuscul. i. 44).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Jan 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks



Libethrides, or nymphae Libethrides, a name of the Muses, which they derived from the well Libethra in Thrace; or, according to others, from the Thracian mountain Libethrus, where they had a grotto sacred to them. (Virg. Eclog. vii. 21; Mela, ii. 3; Strab. ix., x.) Servius (ad Eclog. l. c.) derives the name from a poet Libethrus, and Pausanias (ix. 34.4) connects it with mount Libethrius in Boeotia. (Comp. Lycoph. 275; Varro, de Ling. Lat. vii. 2.)

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