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Πληροφορίες τοπωνυμίου

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Αναφορές αρχαίων συγγραφέων

Creta (Cretan terra=chalk or clay)

Creta (sc. terra). Chalk or clay; so called from its abundance in the island of Crete (Creta), and so in Greek "Kretike ge". The creta proper was simply chalk; creta Eretria was a species of earth found near Eretria in Euboea and used in medicine as an astringent; creta Sarda was fuller's earth, used in cleaning garments; creta Cimolia was a better kind of the same; and creta Selinusia (from Selinus in Sicily) furnished women with one of their numerous face-powders. Of some species of creta, vessels were made. From the whiteness of chalk, it was spoken of tropically as denoting luck, contrasted with carbo. The feet of slaves exposed for sale were chalked (Juv.i. 111), possibly to aid in tracking them if they escaped; hence gypsati pedes in Tibull. ii. 3, 60. The word cretati is sometimes applied to candidates for office, from the white robes they wore=candidati.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Nov 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Cervesia, Cervisia or Cerevisia (zuthos). Ale or beer; a beverage scarcely ever drunk by the ancient Greeks and Romans, although it was very generally used by the surrounding nations, whose soil and climate were less favourable to the growth of vines ...
The beer or barley-wine of Crete was known as korma or kourmi.

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