The Flora of Syros is characterised by Mediterranean types of shrubs
and brushwood, which, when fully grown, could almost be called trees.
It is worth mentioning that at one time vegetation of the island was mostly sylvatic, but gradual changes of climate, combined with human activity, resulted in the disappearance of hydrophile plants and forests on the whole.
The Flora of Syros contains 580 species.
In spite of the fact that the island's ecosystem is not large compared to that of the continent and of other Cycladic islands, there are 20 endemic botanicals. Typical is the great variety of low vegetation (kitchen herbs, edible plants, shrubs and brushwood). Following plants, shrubs and trees are found on the island:
Crocus tournefortii (crocus)
Pancratium maritimum ( lily )
Capparis ovata (caper)
Thymus capitatus (thyme)
Satureia thymbra (mature olive) Cistus sp.
Salnia sp. (sagebrush)
Juniperus phoenicea and Juniperus macrocarpa (cedar)
Pinus halepensis (pine)
This text is cited Apr 2003 from the University of Patras' XENIOS DIAS website URL below.
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