Due to the arrangement of the main mountainous mass of Pramnos
(Atheras), running from the east to the west of the island, particular climatic
conditions hold. In the northern part of Ikaria, where Evdilos
and most villages are to be found, there is thick growth, while in the southern
the climate is dry and there are imposing rock formations.
On the entire northern side of the island the visitor will come across many creeks and streams running into the sea creating small lakes near the shores (Ares, Kambos, Gialiskari, Nas). In the interior, there are small ravines of enchanting beauty.
The flora of Ikaria not only does exhibit species found on nearby islands but also exhibits many species not found elsewhere, such as Paionia, Dactylida, Roripa and Symphyto. Vegetation has now decreased compared to the past. Even so, in the mountainous northern part of the island there are significant ecosystems such as the forests of Rantis and Raches.
According to studies, there are more than 100 species of trees and shrubs on the island. The most significant are Pine, Oak, Arios, Holm Oak, Chestnut, Arbute (Koumaria), Cedar, Plane, Andrachlos. The greatest part of the island is covered with the Mediterranean “makia” growth, which consists of lentisk, erica, anama, thyme, akisare and astivi.
As regards the varieties of the cultivated vine, the “Fokiano” dominates. There are varieties of fig, walnut and apricot trees. A broad-leaved plant called “kolokasi” grows in creeks, the bulbs of which can be boiled and eaten.
This text (extract) is cited January 2004 from the Evdilos Municipal Cultural Organization tourist pamphlet.
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