Listed 3 sub titles with search on: Homeric world
for wider area of: "SKYTHIA
Homeric world (3)
Nations & tribes
A Scythian nomadic people mentioned by Homer (Il. 13.5).
Homer calls them "the most righteous of men" (Il. 13,6). Also, Strabo refers to Abii (Strab. 7,4,6).
- Perseus: Strabo, Geography
Abii (Abioi), a Scythian people, placed by Ptolemy in the extreme
N. of Scythia extra Imaum, near the Hippophagi; but there were very different
opinions about them. Homer Il. xiii. 5, 6) represents Zeus, on the summit of M.
Ida, as turning away his eyes from the battle before the Greek camp, and looking
down upon the land of the Thracians familiar with horses, Muson t anchemachon,
kai agaWon hippemolgon, glaktophagon, abion te, dikaiotaton anthropon. Ancient
and modern commentators have doubted greatly which of these words to take as proper
names, except the first two, which nearly all agree to refer to the Mysians of
Thrace. The fact would seem to be that the poet had heard accounts of the great
no-made peoples who inhabited the steppes NW. and N. of the Euxine, whose whole
wealth lay in their herds, especially of horses, on the milk of which they lived,
and who were supposed to preserve the innocence of a state of nature; and of them,
therefore, he speaks collectively by epithets suited to such descriptions, and,
among the rest, as abioi, poor, with scanty means of life (from a and Bios). The
people thus described answer to the later notions respecting the Hyperboreans,
whose name does not occur in Homer. Afterwards, the epithets applied by Homer
to this supposed primitive people were taken as proper names, and were assigned
to different tribes of the Scythians, so that we have mention of the Scythae Agavi,
Hippemolgi, Galactophagi (and Galactopotae) and Abii. The last are mentioned as
a distinct people by Aeschylus, who prefixes a guttural to the name, and describes
the Gabii as the most just and hospitable of men, living on the self-sown fruits
of the untilled earth; but we have no indication of where he placed them (Prom.
Solut. Fr. 184). Of those commentators, who take the word in Homer for a proper
name, some place them in Thrace, some in Scythia, and some near the Amazons, who
in vain urged them to take part in an expedition against Asia (Eustath. ad 1l.
l. c. p. 916; Steph. Byz. l. c.); in fact, like the correspondent fabulous people,
the Hyperborei, they seem to have been moved back, as knowledge advanced, further
and further into the unknown regions of the north. In the histories of Alexander's
expedition we are told that ambassadors came to him at Maracanda (Samarkand) from
the Abii Scythae, a tribe who had been independent since the time of Cyrus, and
were renowned for their just and peaceful character (Arrian. Anab. iv. 1; Q. Curt.
vii. 6); but the specific name of the tribe of Scythians who sent this embassy
is probably only an instance of the attempts made to illustrate the old mythical
geography by Alexander's conquests. In these accounts their precise locality is
not indicated: Ammianus Marcellinus places them N. of Hyrcania (xxiii. 6). An
extended discussion will be found in Strabo of the various opinions respecting
the Abii up to his time (pp. 296, 303, 311, 553; Droysen, in the Rhein. Mus. vol.
ii. p. 92, 1834).
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited October 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)