Homeric world AYVACIK (District) TURKEY - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 16 sub titles with search on: Homeric world  for wider area of: "AYVACIK District TURKEY" .

Homeric world (16)

Ancient towns

Pedasus, Pedasos

ASSOS (Ancient city) TURKEY
For this Pedasos in the Troad cf. 21.87, 20.92. Strabo calls it a city of the Leleges opposite Lesbos, and another legend identifies it with Adramyttium. More recently it has been identified with Assos. It is not recorded in the Catalogue. A town of the same name in Messene is mentioned in 9.152, and there was a Pedasa near Halikarnassos. (Commentary by Walter Leaf)

Homer speaks of a Pedasus, a city of the Leleges, as subject to lord Altes:
     Of Altes, who is lord over the war-loving Leleges, who hold steep Pedasus on the Satnioeis.
And the site of the place, now deserted, is still to be seen. Some write, though wrongly, "at the foot of Satnioeis", as though the city lay at the foot of a mountain called Satnioeis; but there is no mountain here called Satinoeis, but only a river of that name, on which the city is situated; but the city is now deserted. The poet names the river, for, according to him,
      he wounded Satnius with a thrust of his spear, even the son of Oenops, whom a peerless Naiad nymph bore unto Oenops, as he tended his herds by the banks of the Satnioeis;
and again:
     And he dwelt by the banks of the fair-flowing Satnioeis in steep Pedasus.
And in later times it was called Satnioeis, though some called it Saphnioeis. It is only a large winter torrent, but the naming of it by the poet has made it worthy of mention. These places are continuous with Dardania and Scepsia, and are, as it were, a second Dardania, but it is lower-lying. (Strab. 13.1.50)

This extract is from: The Geography of Strabo (ed. H. L. Jones, 1924), Cambridge. Harvard University Press. Cited Aug 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


CHRYSSI (Ancient city) TURKEY
It was located near Thebe and is mentioned by Homer. The town had a harbour and a temple dedicated to Apollo Smintheus (Il. 1.36, 390, 445).

Gods & demigods

Apollo Smintheus

Smintheus, a surname of Apollo, which is derived by some from sminthos, a mouse, and by others from the town of Sminthe in Troas (Hom. Il. i. 3.9; Ov. Fast. vi. 425, Met. xii. 585 ; Eustath. ad Hom.). The mouse was regarded by the ancients as inspired by the vapours arising from the earth, and as the symbol of prophetic power. In the temple of Apollo at Chryse there was a statue of the god by Scopas, with a mouse under its foot (Strab. xiii. 604, &c.; Eustath. ad Hom.), and on coins Apollo is represented carrying a mouse in his hands. Temples of Apollo Sminthens and festivals (Smintheia) existed in several parts of Greece, as at Tenedos, near Hamaxitos in Aeolis, near Parion, at Lindos in Rhodes, near Coressa, and in other places (Strab. x., xiii.).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Aug 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Chryses & Chryseis (= Astynome)

Chryses was the priest of Apollo Smyntheus and father of Chryseis. After the denial of Agamemnon to free Chryses' daughter, who was part of his spoils, he asked help from the god he served, Apollo, who sent a plague to the Greek camp, which caused the king to return Chryseis to her father (Il. 1.111, 181, 309, 430 etc.).

Chryseis, (Chruseis). Daughter of Chryses, priest of Apollo at Chryse, and taken prisoner by Achilles at the capture of Lyrnessus or the Hypoplacian Thebes. In the distribution of the booty she was given to Agamemnon. Her father Chryses came to the camp of the Greeks to solicit her ransom, but was repulsed by Agamemnon with harsh words. Thereupon Apollo sent a plague into the camp of the Greeks, and Agamemnon was obliged to restore her to her father to appease the anger of the god. Her proper name was Astynome.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Chryses (Chruses). A son of Ardys and a priest of Apollo at Chryse. He was the father of Astynome (Chryseis), and when he came to the camp of the Greeks, offering a rich ransom for the liberation of his daughter, he was treated by Agamemnon with harsh words. Chryses then prayed to Apollo for vengeance, and the god sent a plague into the camp of the Greeks, which did not cease raging until Calchas explained the cause of it, and Odysseus took Chryseis back to her father. (Hom. II. i. 10, &c.)



Astynome (Astunome), the daughter of Chryses (whence she is also called Chryseis), a priest of Apollo. She was taken prisoner by Achilles in the Hypoplacian Thebe or in Lyrnessus, whither she had been sent by her father for protection, or, according to others, to attend the celebration of a festival of Artemis. In the distribution of the booty she was given to Agamemnon, who, however, was obliged to restore her to her father, to soothe the anger of Apollo (Hom. Il. i. 378; Eustath. ad Hom.; Dictys Cret. ii. 17..) There are two more mythical personages of this name, one a daughter of Niobe, and the other a daughter of Talaus and mother of Capaneus. (Hygin. Fab. 70)


Gargaron, height of Ida

GARGARA (Ancient city) TURKEY
With this he (Zeus) yoked his fleet horses, with hoofs of bronze and manes of glittering gold. He girded himself also with gold about the body, seized his gold whip and took his seat in his chariot. Thereon he lashed his horses and they flew forward nothing loath midway twixt earth and starry heaven. After a while he reached many-fountained Ida, mother of wild beasts, and Gargaros, where are his grove and fragrant altar. There the father of gods and men stayed his horses, took them from the chariot, and hid them in a thick cloud; then he took his seat all glorious upon the topmost crests, looking down upon the city of Troy and the ships of the Achaeans. (Hom.Il.+8.41)
Hera then went to Gargaros, the topmost peak of Ida, and Zeus, driver of the clouds, set eyes upon her. As soon as he did so he became inflamed with the same passionate desire for her that he had felt when they had first enjoyed each other's embraces, and slept with one another without their dear parents knowing anything about it.(Hom.Il. 14.292)


IDE (Mountain) TURKEY
A mountain in the Troad mentioned by Homer (Il. 2.821), under of which Parphorus founded a city, which shortly afterwards was abandoned (Paus. 7,3,8).

Ida (he Ide), a range of mountains of Phrygia, belonging to the system of Mount Taurus. It traverses western Mysia in many branches, whence it was compared by the ancients to the scolopendra or milliped (Strab. xiii.), its main branch extending from the south-east to the north-west; it is of considerable height, the highest point, called Gargarus or Gargaron, rising about 4650 feet above the level of the sea. The greater part is covered with wood, and contains the sources of innumerable streams and many rivers, whence Homer (Il. viii. 47) calls the mountain polupidax. In the Homeric poems it is also described as rich in wild beasts. The highlands about Zeleia formed the northern extremity of Mount Ida, while Lectum formed its extreme point in the south-west. Two other subordinate ranges, parting from the principal summit, the one at Cape Rhoeteum, the other at Sigeum, may be said to enclose the territory of Troy in a crescent; while another central ridge between the two, separating the valley of the Scamander from that of the Simois, gave to the whole the form of the Greek letter e.The principal rivers of which the sources are in Mount Ida, are the Simois, Scamander, Granicus, Aesepus, Rhodius, Caresus, and others. (Hom Il. xii. 20, foil.) The highest peak, Gargarus, affords an extensive view over the Hellespont, Propontis, and the whole surrounding country. Besides Gargarus, three other high peaks of Ida are mentioned: viz. Cotylus, about 3500 feet high, and about 150 stadia above Scepsis; Pytna; and Dicte.Timosthenes (ap. Steph. B. s. v. Alexandreia) and Strabo mention a mountain belonging to the range of Ida, near Antandrus, which bore the name of Alexandria, where Paris (Alexander) was believed to have pronounced his judgment as to the beauty of the three goddesses.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Aug 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Trojan leaders in the War


ASSOS (Ancient city) TURKEY
He was the brother of Hecuba from Phrygia, who was slain by Ajax (Il. 16.716).

Asius. A son of Dymas and brother of Hecabe. Apollo assumed the appearance of this Asius, when he wanted to stimulate Hector to fight against Patroclus. (Hom. Il. xvi. 715, &c.; Eustath.) According to Dictys Cretensis (iv. 12), Asius was slain by Ajax. There are two more mythical personages of this name, which is also used as a surname of Zeus, from the town of Asos or Oasos in Crete. (Virg. Aen. x. 123; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 355; Steph. Byz. s. v. Asos).

Then the rest of the Trojans and their far-famed allies obeyed the counsel of blameless Polydamas, but Asius, son of Hyrtacus, leader of men, was not minded to leave there his horses and his squire the charioteer, but chariot and all he drew nigh to the swift ships, fool that he was! for he was not to escape the evil fates, and return, glorying in horses and chariot, back from the ships to windy Ilios. (Hom. Il.12.108-115)
1. For Asius, son of Hyrtacus, see ancient city Arisbe.(GTP's editor remark)
2. Asios now appears, unlike the other Trojans, with a chariot. The description of his attack on the wall in 12.110-114 accounts for this, and indeed appears to have been interpolated there for the purpose. If the original mache epi tais nausin knew nothing of a wall, but only described a gradual driving of the Greeks along the plain up to their ships, then the casual mention of a chariot among the footmen would be nothing remarkable. Fick suggests that the name is Assios, from the town of Assos. For the variant epamuntor cf. hupheniochos 6.19, episkopos 10.38, with note.(Commentary by Walter Leaf)

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