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Listed 29 sub titles with search on: Homeric world  for wider area of: "LYDIA Ancient country TURKEY" .

Homeric world (29)

Ancient towns


HYDE (Ancient city) LYDIA
A city in Lydia, beneath the Mt. Timolus (Il. 20.385).



LYDIA (Ancient country) TURKEY
Talaemenes was the father of Mesthles and Antiphus, leaders of the Maeonians. (Il. 2.865).


SIPYLOS (Ancient city) LYDIA
The son of Zeus by Pluto, father of Niobe and of Pelops. He served his son Pelops as meal to the gods and, as a result, he was punished in Hades by not to being able to eat or drink as the waters of the lake, where he was placed, always receded from him as soon as he attempted to drink them and the fruits in the trees were lifted by the wind every time he tried to reach them (Od. 11.582 etc.).

   Tantalus, (Tantalos). The son of Zeus and Pluto. His wife is called by some Euryanassa, by others Taygete or Dione, and by others Clytia or Eupryto. He was the father of Pelops, Broteas, and Niobe. All traditions agree in stating that he was a wealthy king, but while some call him king of Lydia, others describe him as king of Argos or Corinth. Tantalus is particularly celebrated in ancient story for the terrible punishment inflicted upon him after his death in the lower world, the causes of which are differently stated by the ancient writers. According to the common account Zeus invited him to his table, and communicated his divine counsels to him. Tantalus divulged the secrets thus intrusted to him; and he was punished in the lower world by being afflicted with a raging thirst, and at the same time placed in the midst of a lake, the waters of which always receded from him as soon as he attempted to drink them. Over his head, moreover, hung branches of fruit, which receded in like manner when he stretched out his hand to reach them.. Another account says that there was suspended over his head a huge rock, ever threatening to crush him. Another tradition relates that, wishing to test the gods, he cut his son Pelops in pieces, boiled them and set them before the gods at a repast. A third account states that Tantalus stole nectar and ambrosia from the table of the gods and gave them to his friends; and a fourth relates the following story: Rhea caused the infant Zeus and his nurse to be guarded in Crete by a golden dog, whom Zeus afterwards appointed guardian of his temple in Crete. Pandareus stole this dog, and, carrying him to Mount Sipylus in Lydia, gave him to Tantalus to take care of. But when Pandareus demanded the dog back, Tantalus took an oath that he had never received it. Zeus thereupon changed Pandareus into a stone, and threw Tantalus down from Mount Sipylus. Others, again, relate that Hermes demanded the dog of Tantalus, and that the perjury was committed before Hermes. Zeus buried Tantalus under Mount Sipylus as a punishment; and there his tomb was shown in later times. The punishment of Tautalus was proverbial in ancient times, and from it the English language has borrowed the verb "to tantalize," that is, to hold out hopes or prospects which cannot be realized. The patronymic Tantalides is frequently given to the descendants of Tantalus. Hence we find not only his son Pelops, but also Atreus, Thyestes, Agamemnon, Menelaus, and Orestes called by this name.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Tantalus : Perseus Encyclopedia



HYDE (Ancient city) LYDIA
King of Hyde and father of Iphition (Il. 20.384).



LYDIA (Ancient country) TURKEY
A nymph of the homonymous lake, mother of Mesthles and Antiphus (Il. 2.865).

Place-names according to Homer

Gygaean lake

In Lydia, on the foot of the Mt. Tmolus (Il. 20.391).

Maeander river

A river between Lydia and Caria. Pausanias mentions that tarisks grew in abundance by the bank of the Maeander (Paus. 5,14,3).

  Maeander (Maiandros: Meinder or Boyuk Meinder), a celebrated river in Asia Minor, has its sources not far from Celaenae in Phrygia (Xenoph. Anab. i. 2. § 7), where it gushed forth in a park of Cyrus. According to some (Strab. xii. p. 578; Maxim. Tyr. viii. 38) its sources were the same as those of the river Marsyas; but this is irreconcilable with Xenophon, according to whom the sources of the two rivers were only near each other, the Marsyas rising in a royal palace. Others, again, as Pliny (v. 31), Solinus (40. § 7), and Martianus Capella (6. p. 221), state that the Maeander flowed out of a lake on Mount Aulocrene. Col. Leake (Asia Minor, p. 158, &c.) reconciles all these apparently different statements by the remark that both the Maeander and the Marsyas have their origin in the lake on Mount Aulocrene, above Celaenae, but that they issue at different parts of the mountain below the lake. The Maeander was so celebrated in antiquity for its numerous windings, that its name became, and still is, proverbial. (Hom. Il. ii. 869; Hesiod, Theog. 339; Herod. vii. 26, 30 Strab. xii. p. 577; Paus. viii. 41. § 3; Ov. Met. viii. 162, &c.; Liv. xxxviii. 13; Senec. Herc. Fur. 683, &c., Phoen. 605.) Its whole course has a south-western direction on the south of the range of Mount Messogis. In the south of Tripolis it receives the waters of the Lycus, whereby it becomes a river of some importance. Near Carura it passes from Phrygia into Caria, where it flows in its tortuous course through the Maeandrian plain (comp. Strab. xiv. p. 648, xv. p. 691), and finally discharges itself in the Icarian sea, between Priene and Myus, opposite to Miletus, from which its mouth is only 10 stadia distant. (Plin. l. c.; Paus. ii. 5. § 2.) The tributaries of the Maeander are the Orgyas, Marsyas, Clydrus, Lethaeus, and Gaeson, in the north; and the Obrimas, Lycus, Harpasus, and a second Marsyas in the south. The Maeander is everywhere a very deep river (Nic. Chonat. p. 125; Liv. l. c.), but not very broad, so that in many parts its depth equals its breadth. As moreover it carried in its waters a great quantity of mud, it was navigable only for small craft. (Strab. xii. p. 579, xiv. p. 636.) It frequently overflowed its banks; and, in consequence of the quantity of its deposits at its mouth, the coast has been pushed about 20 or 30 stadia further into the sea, so that several small islands off the coast have become united with the mainland. (Paus. viii. 24. § 5; Thucyd. viii. 17.) There was a story about a subterraneous connection between the Maeander and the Alpheius in Elis. (Paus. il. 5. § 2; comp. Hamilton, Researches, vol. i. p. 525, foll., ii. p. 161, foll.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Tmolas / Timolus mountain

A mountain in Lydia, near Sardis (Il. 2.866, 20.385).

Tmolus (Tmolos), a mountain range on the south of Sardes, forming the watershed between the basins of the Hermus in the north and the Cayster in the south, and being connected in the east with Mount Messogis. It was said to have received its name from a Lydian king Timolus, whence Ovid (Met. vi. 16) gives this name to the mountain itself. Mount Tmolus was celebrated for the excellent wine growing on its slopes (Virg. Georg. ii. 97; Senec. Phoen. 602; Eurip. Bacch. 55, 64; Strab. xiv. p. 637; Plin. v. 30). It was equally rich in metals; and the river Pactolus, which had its source in Mount Tmolus, at one time carried from its interior a rich supply of gold. (Strab. xiii. pp. 591, 610, 625; Plin. xxxiii. 43; comp. Horn. Il. ii. 373; Aesch. Pers. 50; Herod. i. 84, 93, v. 101; Ptol. v. 2. § 13; Dion. Per. 831.) On the highest summit of Mount Tmolus, the Persians erected a marble watch-tower commanding a view of the whole of the surrounding country (Strab. xiii. p. 625). The Turks now call the mountain Bouz Dagh.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Hyllus tributary

A tributary of the river Hermus in Lydia.
It was named after Hyllus, the son of Earth (Paus. 1,36,8).

A river of Lydia, falling into the Hermus on its north side.


A fertile region in Lydia near the Caystrius river (Il. 2.461).

Mt. Sipylus

SIPYLOS (Ancient city) LYDIA
The Mt. Sipylos is mentioned by Homer (Il. 24.615).
According to Pausanias, there was a sanctuary dedicated to Mother Plastene, the Lake of Tantalus and his grave. On the peak of the mountain there was also the thone of Pelops (Paus. 5.13.7).

  Sipylus (Sipulos), a mountain of Lydia between the river Hermus and the town of Smyrna; it is a branch of Mount Tmolus, running in a northwestern direction along the Hermus. It is a rugged, much torn mountain, which seems to owe its present form to violent convulsions of the earth. The mountain is mentioned even in the Iliad, and was rich in metal. (Hom. Il. xxiv. 615; Strab. i. p. 58, xii. p. 579, xiv. p. 680.) On the eastern slope of the mountain, there once existed, according to tradition, an ancient city, called Tantalis, afterwards Sipylus, the capital of the Maeonians, which was believed to have been swallowed up by an earthquake, and plunged into a crater, afterwards filled by a lake, which bore the name of Sale or Saloe (Strab. i. p. 58, xii. p. 579; Steph. B. s. v.; Plin. v. 31; Paus. vii. 24. § 7). Pliny relates that the spot once occupied by Sipylus was successively occupied by other towns, which he calls Archaeopolis, Colpe and Lebade. Pausanias (v. 13. § 4) calls the lake the marsh of Tantalus, and adds that his tomb was conspicuous near it, and that the throne of Pelops was shown on the summit of the mountain above the temple of (Cybele) Plastene. The tops of the houses of Sipylus were believed to have been seen under the water for some time after (Paus. vii. 24. § 7); and some modern travellers, mistaking the ruins of old Smyrna for those of Sipylus, imagine that they have discovered both the remains of Sipylus and the tomb of Tantalus. Chandler (Travels in Asia Minor, p. 331) thought that a small lake of limpid water at the north-eastern foot of Mount Sipylus, not far from a sepulchre cut in the rock, might be the lake Sale; but Hamilton (Researches, i. p. 49, foll.) has shown that the lake must be sought for in the marshy district of Manissa.
  In speaking of Mount Sipylus, we cannot pass over the story of Niobe, alluded to by the poets, who is said to have been metamorphosed into stone on that mountain in her grief at the loss of her children. (Hom. Il. xxiv. 614; Soph. Antig. 822; Ov. Met. vi. 310; Apollod. iii. 5; Paus. viii. 2. § 3.) Pausanias (i. 21. § 5) relates that he himself went to Mount Sipylus and saw the figure of Niobe formed out of the natural rock; when viewed close he saw only the rock and precipices, but nothing resembling a woman either weeping or in any other posture; but standing at a distance you fancied you saw a woman in tears and in an attitude of grief. This phantom of Niobe, says Chandler (p. 331), whose observation has been confirmed by subsequent travellers, may be defined as an effect of a certain portion of light and shade on a part of Sipylus, perceivable at a particular point of view. Mount Sipylus now bears the name of Saboundji Dagh or Sipuli Dagh.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited October 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Mt. Sipylus: Perseus Encyclopedia

Trojan Allies


LYDIA (Ancient country) TURKEY
Ancient name of Lydia (Il. 3.401).

Trojan heroes of the Trojan War and their allies


HYDE (Ancient city) LYDIA
He was the son of Otrynteus, who came from Hyde and was slain by Achilles (Il. 20.382).

Trojan leaders in the War


LYDIA (Ancient country) TURKEY
Son of Talaemenes and nymph Gygaea, leader of the Maeonians and ally of the Trojans (Il. 2.864).


Son of Talaemenes and nymph Gygaea, leader of the Maeonians and ally of the Trojans (Il. 2.864, 17.216).

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