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Listed 14 sub titles with search on: Homeric world for destination: "TRIKKI Ancient city THESSALIA".


Homeric world (14)

Greeks of the Homeric Catalogue of Ships

Trojan War

Tricca belonged to the territory of Asclepiades (= Machaon, son of Asclepius) (Il. 2.729). It was the homeland of Podaleirius and Machaon, where there was the most ancient sanctuary of Asclepius (Aesculapius).


Greek leaders in the Trojan War

Podaleirius

He was son of Asclepius and the leader, along with his brother Machaon, of Tricca, Ithome and Oechalia with 30 ships (Il. 2.732, 11.832).


Podaleirius: Perseus Project index


Machaon (= Asclepiades) & Anticlea

Machaon was son of Asclepius and the leader, along with his brother Podaleirius, of Tricca, Ithome and Oechalia with 30 ships (Il. 2.732).


   Machaon. A son of Aesculapius, and surgeon of the Greeks in the Trojan War. He led, with his brother Podalirus, troops from Trica, Ithome, and Oechalia. He was killed by Eurypylus, the son of Telephus, and received divine honours after his death in Messenia, of which he was by some called the king.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Machaon, a son of Asclepius by Epeione (Hom. Il. xi. 614; Schol. ad Pind. Pyth. iii. 14), or, according to others, by Coronis (Hygin. Fab. 97), while others again call him a son of Poseidon (Eustath. ad Hom.). He was married to Anticleia, the daughter of Diocles (Paus. iv. 30.2), by whom he became the father of Gorgasus, Nicomachus (Paus. iv. 6. 3), Alexanor, Sphyrus, and Polemocrates (Paus. ii. 11. 6, iv. 38. 6; Apollod. iii. 10. 8; Hygin. Fab. 81). In the Trojan war Machaon appears as the surgeon of the Greeks, for with his brother Podaleirius he had gone to Troy with thirty ships, commanding the men who came from Tricca, Ithome, and Oechalia (Il. ii. 728, &c., xi. 515). He was wounded by Paris, but was carried from the field of battle by Nestor (Il. xi. 505, 598, 833). Later writers mention him as one of the Greek heroes that were concealed in the wooden horse (Hygin. Fab. 108; Virg. Aen. ii. 263), and he is said to have cured Philoctetes (Tzetz. ad Lycopih. 911; Propert. ii. 1, 59). He was killed by Eurypylus, the son of Telephus, and his remains were carried to Messenia by Nestor. His tomb was believed to be at Gerenia, in Messenia, where a sanctuary was dedicated to him, in which sick persons sought relief of their sufferings. It was there that Glaucus, the son of Aepytus, was believed to have first paid him heroic honours. (Paus. iv. 3. 2, 6, iii. 26. 7)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Gods & demigods

Asclepius

Asclepius is not a god in the Iliad but a great doctor and the father of Machaon and Podaleirius, who were the leaders of Tricca, Ithome and Oechalia in the Trojan War (Il. 2.731, 4.194, 11.518). He is mentioned by the posterity as the god of medicine and son of Apollo and Coronis, daughter of Phlegyas. According to ancient myths, Asclepius was born in Tricca and not in Epidaurus.
Editor's note: Asclepius' biographies and related information can be found in His Sanctuary in Epidauros.


Kings

Ixion & Dia

King of the Lapithae and father of Peirithous (Il. 14.317). Ixion fell in love with Hera and attempted to force her; and when Hera reported it, Zeus, wishing to know if the thing were so, made a cloud in the likeness of Hera and laid it beside him; and when Ixion boasted that he had enjoyed the favours of Hera, Zeus bound him to a wheel, on which he is whirled by winds through the air; such is the penalty he pays.


Ixion. The son of Antion or Peision, or, according to some, of Phlegyas. Others, again, gave him the god Ares for a father. He obtained the hand of Dia, the daughter of Deioueus, having promised his father-in-law large gifts; but he did not keep his agreement and Deioneus seizing his horses detained them as a pledge. Ixion then sent messengers to say that the gifts were ready if he would come to bring them. Deloneus accordingly came, but his treacherous son-in-law had prepared in his house a pit filled with fire and carefully covered over, into which the unsuspecting man fell and perished. After this deed Ixion was stricken with madness, and the atrocity of his crime was such that neither gods nor men would absolve him, till at length Zeus took pity on him and purified him, and admitted him to Olympus. Here again, incapable of good, Ixion cast a lustful eye on Here, the wife of his divine benefactor. She, however, in concert with Zeus, formed a cloud in the likeness of herself, which Ixion embraced. Having boasted of his good-fortune, Zeus precipitated him into Erebus, where Hermes fastened him with brazen bands to an ever-revolving fiery wheel, lying upon which he is forever seourged and forced to cry out "Benefactors should be honoured!" The offspring of Ixion and the cloud was a son, Centaurus, who afterwards, having intercourse with the mares of Maguesia, begot the race of centaurs.
    The myth of Ixion is probably of great antiqnity, as the customs on which it is founded only prevailed in the Heroic Age. Its chief object seems to have been to inspire a horror of the violation of hospitality on the part of those who, having committed homicide, were admitted to the house and table of the one who had consented to perform the rites by which the guilt of the offender was supposed to be removed. On Ixion, see the poem by Robert Browning in his Jocoseria.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Ixion, a son of Phlegyas (Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. iii. 62; comp. Strab. x., who calls him a brother of Phlegyas), or, according to others, a son of Antion by Perimela, of Pasion, or of Ares (Schol. ad Pind. Pyth. ii. 39; Diod. iv. 69; Hygin. Fab. 62). According to the common tradition, his mother was Dia, a daughter of Deoneus. He was king of the Lapithae or Phlegyes, and the father of Peirithous. (Apollod. i. 8. Β 2; Hygin. Fab. 14.) When Deoneus demanded of Ixion the bridal gifts he had promised, Ixion treacherously invited him, as though it were to a banquet, and then contrived to make him fall into a pit filled with fire. As no one purified Ixion of this treacherous murder, and all the gods were indignant at him, Zeus took pity upon him, purified him, and invited him to his table. But Ixion was ungrateful to his benefactor, and attempted to win the love of Hera. Zeus made a phantom resembling Hera, and by it Ixion became the father of a Centaur, who again having intercourse with Magnesian mares, became the father of the Hippocentaurs (Pind. Pyth. ii. 39, &c. with the Schol. ; Schol. ad Eurip. Phoen. 1185; Lucian, Dial. Deor. 6). Ixion, as a punishment, was chained by Hermes with his hands and feet to a wheel, which is described as winged or fiery, and said to have rolled perpetually in the air or in the lower world. He is further said to have been scourged, and compelled to exclaim, " Benefactors should be honoured". (Comp. Schol. ad Hom. Od. xxi. 303; Hygin. Fab. 33, 62; Serv. ad Virg. Aen. vi. 601, Georg. iii. 38, iv. 484; Schol. Venet. ad Il. i. 266.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Dia, a daughter of Deioneus and the wife of Ixion (Schol. ad Pind. Pyth ii. 39). Her father is also called Eioneus (Diod. iv. 69; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. iii. 62), By Ixion, or according to others, by Zeus (Hygin. Fab. 155), she became the mother of Peirithous, who received his name from the circumstance, that Zeus when he attempted to seduce her, ran around her (peritheein) in the form of a horse (Eustath. ad Hom.). There are two other mythical personages of this name ( Schol. ad Pind. 01. i. 144; Tzetz. ad Lycop. 480). Dia is also used as a surname of Hebe or Ganymede, who had temples under this name at Phlius and Sicyon (Strab. viii.; Paus. ii. 13. 3).


Ixionides

Ixionides, a patronymic, applied by Ovid (Met. viii. 566) to Peirithous, the son of Ixion ; but the plural, Ixionidae, occurs also as a name of the Centaurs. (Lucan, vi. 386.)


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