Pylos participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships (Il. 2.591). Homer calls it "imathoenta (=sandy)" (Od. 1.93, 2.326, 4.633, 24.152), "euktimenon ptoliethron (=well-built citadel)" (Od. 3,4).
The kingdom of Nestor included a part of Messene and Triphylia and participated in the Trojan War with 90 ships (Il. 2.591-601). Cities mentioned by Homer are: 1. Cyparisseis, 2. Dorium, 3. Pylos, 4. Arene, 5. Thryum, 6. Aepy, 7. Amphigeneia, 8. Pteleos, 9. Helus.
He was the king of Pylos, son of Neleus and Chloris, famous for his wisdom and his oratorical skill (Il. 2.370), who took part in the Trojan War while being of old age (Il. 1,247-252). His wife was Euridice, daughter of Clymenes (Od. 3.452).
Nestor. Son of Neleus and Chloris, ruler of the Messenian and Triphylian Pylus, and later also, after the extinction of the royal family there, of Messenia. He was married to Eurydice, by whom he had seven sons and two daughters. He was the only one of twelve sons of Neleus who escaped being slain by Heracles, since he was, it is said, living at the time among the Gerenians in Messenia, from whom he derives the name Gerenios, given him in Homer. After this disaster, the king of the Epeans, Augeas, illegally kept back a fourhorse chariot which Neleus had sent to Elis to compete in a contest. Nestor , as yet hardly a youth, retaliated by driving off the herds of the Epeans; upon which the latter with a large army besieged the Pylian fortress of Thyroessa on the Eurotas. Nestor formed one of the relieving army, serving as a foot-soldier, owing to his father's having, from regard to his youth, had the war-horses concealed from him.
He slew in battle Augeas's son-in-law, and, fighting from the dead man's chariot, won a most brilliant victory, so that the Pylians offered thanks to him among men just as they offered them to Zeus among the gods. In like manner in the war against the Arcadians, when he was the youngest of all the combatants, he killed the gigantic and much-dreaded hero Ereuthalion. He also took an important part in the battle between the Centaurs and the Lapithae, and is mentioned as among the Argonauts. In old age, when he was ruling over the third generation of his people, he was involved in the expedition against Troy, owing, as the story went, to the obligation incurred by his son Antilochus as a suitor of Helen; with Odysseus he gained the help of Achilles and Patroclus for the undertaking, and himself sailed, in the company of his sons Antilochus and Thrasymedes, with ninety ships to the seat of war at Ilium.
Here, according to Homer, "Nestor the horseman", in spite of his great age, took a prominent part among the heroes in council and battle alike: the qualities which adorned him were wisdom, justice, eloquence, "from his lips flows language sweeter than honey", experience in war, unwearied activity, and courage. All valued and loved him, and none more than Agamemhon, who wished that he had ten such counsellors: in which case, he said, Troy would soon fall. He is so great a favourite with Homer that in ancient times it was conjectured that the poet was himself a native of Pylos. After the destruction of Troy he returned in safety with his son Thrasymedes to Pylos, Antilochus having for the sake of his father, who was in sore peril, sacrificed his own life in battle against Memnon. Ten years afterwards, Telemachus found him still at Pylos, amidst his children, in the enjoyment of a cheerful and prosperous old age.
This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
Cited Aug 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks.
Anaxibia. Apollodorus mentions that Anaxibia, a daughter of Crateus, was the second wife of Nestor (Apollod. 1,9,9).
A Pylian hero (Il. 4.296).
A comrade of Nestor (Il. 4.296).
He was a son of Nestor, one of the seven leaders of the guardians of the wall and ditch, that protected the Achaeans (Il. 9.81).
He was a son of Nestor (Od. 3.414).
Antilochus, son of Nestor, king of Pylus, and Eurydice (Od. 3.452), was a comrade of Achilles (Il. 23.556, also see Paus. 4,31,11) and was slain by Memnon (Od. 4.188).
Antilochus. The son of Nestor , who accompanied his father to the Trojan War, and was distinguished among the younger heroes for beauty and bravery. Homer calls him a favourite of Zeus and Poseidon. The dearest friend of Achilles next to Patroclus, he was chosen by the Greeks to break the news to him of his beloved companion's fall. When Memnon attacked the aged Nestor , Antilochus threw himself in his way, and bought his father's safety with his life. He, like Patroclus, was avenged by Achilles, in whose grave-mound the ashes of both friends were laid; even in the lower world Odysseus beheld the three pacing the asphodel meadow, and in after-times the inhabitants of Ilium offered to them jointly the sacrifices due to the dead on the foreland of Sigeum.
Antilochus (Antilochos), a son of Nestor, king of Pylos, by Anaxibia (Apollod. i. 9.9), or according to the Odyssey (iii. 451), by Eurydice. Hyginus (Fab. 252) states, that as an infant he was exposed on mount Ida, and suckled by a dog. He is mentioned among the suitors of Helen (Apollod. iii. 10.8). According to the Homeric account, he accompanied his father to Troy, but Nestor being advised by an oracle to guard his son against an Ethiopian, gave him Chalion as his constant attendant (Eustath. ad Hom.). Antilochus appears in the Homeric poems as one of the youngest, handsomest, and bravest among the Greeks, and is beloved by Achilles (Od. iii. 112; Il. xxiii. 556, 607, xviii. 16). He fell at Troy by the hands of Memnon, the Ethiopian (Od. iv. 186, &c., xi. 522; Pind. Pyth. vi. 32, &c.). Hyginus, in one passage (Fab. 112) states that he was slain by Memnon, and in another (Fab. 113) he makes Hector his conqueror. The remains of Antilochus were buried by the side of those of his friends Achilles and Patroclus (Od. xxiv. 78), and in Hades or the island of Leuce he likewise accompanied his friends (Od. xxiv. 16; Paus. iii. 19.11). Philostratus (Her. iii. 2) gives a different account of him. When Nestor went to Troy, his son was yet too young to accompany him; but in the course of the war he came to Troy and applied to Achilles to soothe the anger of his father at his unexpected arrival. Achilles was delighted with the beauty and the warlike spirit of the youth, and Nestor too was proud of his son, and took him to Agamemnon. According to Philostratus, Antilochus was not slain by the Ethiopian Memnon, but by a Trojan of that name. Achilles not only avenged his death on Memnon, but celebrated splendid funeral games, and burnt the head and armour of Memnon on the funeral pyre. Antilochus was painted by Polygnotus in the Lesche of Delphi (Paus. x. 30.1; Philostr. Icon. ii. 7).
This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
He was a son of Poseidon or of Cretheus by Tyro, the daughter of Salmoneus, husband of Chloris, brother of Pelias, father of Nestor (Od. 11.235-258, 3,4 & 409). He had twelve sons, but Heracles slew all of them, except Nestor, when he invaded Pylos, because Neleus refused to purify him from the murder of Iphitus (Il. 11.691).
According to Pausanias, Aratheus, cousin of Neleus, gave him the maritime part of his land, where Pylos was (Paus. 4,2,5). Also, Neleus and his brother Pelias held in common the Olympian games (Paus. 5,8,2).
Neleus, the son of Poseidon and Tyro, daughter of Salmoneus, and brother of Pelias. The brothers were exposed after birth by their mother, who afterwards married Cretheus of Iolcus; they were found by a herdsman and brought up by him until they grew up and were acknowledged by their mother. After Cretheus's death they quarrelled about the possession of Iolcus; and Neleus, together with Melampus and Bias , the sons of his half-brother Amythaon, retired into exile in Messenia, where Aphareus, Tyro's cousin, allowed them to occupy Pylus. By Chloris, daughter of Amphion, the king of the Minyan Orchomenus (it is only a later myth that identifies him with Amphion of Thebes), he became father of twelve sons, of whom Periclymenus and Nestor were the most celebrated, and one daughter, the beautiful Pero, bride of Bias. On his refusing to purify Heracles from the murder of Iphitus, Heracles invaded his country and slew all his sons, except Nestor , who chanced to be absent from home at the time. Nestor became the champion and avenger of the aged Neleus when the Epeans and their king Augeas, emboldened by his misfortune, ventured on acts of injustice towards him. According to one account, it was Neleus who renewed the Olympian Games, and died at Corinth, where, it was said, he was buried at the isthmus; according to others, he was slain along with his sons by Heracles.
This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Chloris, a daughter of Amphion, the ruler of Orchomenos, by Persephone, the daughter of Minyas. She was the wife of Neleus, king of Pylos, and became by him the mother of Nestor, Chromius, Periclymenos, and Pero. (Hom. Od. xi. 281, &c.; Paus. x. 36.4, x. 29.2; Apollod. i. 9.9.)
A noble of the Pylians (Il. 23.612).
A son of Nestor (Od. 3.36 & 483, 15.131).
A son of Nestor by Anaxibia.
He was the son of Cretheus by Tyro, brother of Aeson and father of Bias and Melampus (Odl. 11.259). He is considered to be the settler of Pylos. Pausanias mentions that he held the Olympian games (Paus. 5,8,2).
Amythaon (Amuthaon), a son of Cretheus and Tyro (Hom. Od. xi. 235, &c.), and brother
of Aeson and Pheres (Hom. Od. xi. 259). He dwelt at Pylos in Messenia and by Idomene
became the father of Bias, Melampus, and Acolia (Apollod. i. 9.11, 7.7). According
to Pindar (Pyth. iv. 220, &c.), he and several other members of his family went
to Iolcus to intercede with Pelias on behalf of Jason. Pausanias (v. 8.1) mentions
him among those to whom the restoration of the Olympian games was ascribed.
Amythaonius, a patronymic from Amythaon, by which his son, the seer Melampus, is sometimes designated. (Virg. Georg. iii. 550 ; Columell. x. 348.) The descendants of Amythaon in general are called by the Greeks Amythaonidae. (Strab. viii.)
Eidomene, a daughter of Pheres and wife of Amythaon in Pylos, by whom she became the mother of Bias and Melampus. (Apollod. i. 9.11.) In another passage (ii. 2.2) Apollodorus calls her a daughter of Abas.
A son of Neleus by Pero and brother of Nestor, who was killed by Heracles (Il. 11.286).
Son of Neleus and Chloris, brother of Nestor. He is the chief hero of the defence of Pylos against Heracles, to whom he gave much trouble by his prowess as well as by his power of transforming himself, like the sea-gods, into every possible shape. This power had been given him by Poseidon, who was reputed to be his father. Finally he succumbed to the arrows of Heracles, and by his death sealed the doom of Pylos.
Periclymenus : Perseus Encyclopedia
Echephron, a son of Nestor by Eurydice or Anaxibia. (Hom. Od. iii. 413; Apollod. i. 9.9)
A daughter of Nestor by Anaxibia (Od. 3.464).
A servant of Nestor (Il. 11.620).
Ereuthalion (Ereuthalion), an Arcadian, who, in the armour of Areithous, which Lycurgus had given him, fought against the Pylians, but was slain by Nestor. (Hom. Il. iv. 319, vii. 134, &c.)
Receive our daily Newsletter with all the latest updates on the Greek Travel industry.Subscribe now!