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Listed 21 sub titles with search on: Homeric world for destination: "KORINTHOS Ancient city PELOPONNISOS".


Homeric world (21)

Greeks of the Homeric Catalogue of Ships

Trojan War

Corinth participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships. The poet calls the city "wealthy" (Il. 2.570), because it was one of the wealthiest cities of the Argives.


Greek heroes of the Trojan War

Euchenor

He was the son of the seer Polyidous from Corinth, who was slain by Paris (Il. 13.663).



Kings

Sisyphus (Sisyphos) & Merope

He was the son of Aeolus by Enarete, husband of Merope, father of Glaucus (Il. 6.153 etc.), Ornytion, Thersander and Almus (Paus. 3,4,3). Medea handed over the kingdom of Corinth to Sisyphus, when she left to Athens (Paus. 2,3,11). He was punished and was sent to Hades, where he was condamned to thrust a big stone on a a hill, which never reached to the top but rolled back (Od. 11.593). His wife Merope, was one of the Pleiades, daughter of Atlas.


   Sisyphus, (Sisuphos). The son of Aeolus and Enarete, whence he is called Aeolides. He was married to Merope, a daughter of Atlas or a Pleiad, and became by her the father of Glaucus, Ornytion (or Porphyrion), Thersander, and Halmus. In later accounts he is also called a son of Autolycus, and the father of Odysseus by Anticlea; whence we find Odysseus sometimes called Sisyphides. He is said to have built the town of Ephyra, afterwards Corinth. As king of Corinth he promoted navigation and commerce, but he was fraudulent, avaricious, and deceitful. His wickedness during life was severely punished in the lower world, where he had to roll up hill a huge marble block, which as soon as it reached the top always rolled down again. The special reasons for this punishment are not the same in all authors: some relate that it was because he had betrayed the designs of the gods; others because he attacked travellers, and killed them with a huge block of stone; and others again because he had betrayed to Asopus that Zeus had carried off Aegina, the daughter of the latter. The more usual tradition related that Sisyphus requested his wife not to bury him, and that, when she complied with his request, Sisyphus in the lower world complained of this seeming neglect, and obtained from Pluto or Persephone permission to return to the upper world to punish his wife. He then refused to return to the lower world, until Hermes carried him off by force; and this piece of treachery is said to have been the cause of his punishment.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Merope. Daughter of Atlas, one of the Pleiades, wife of Sisyphus of Corinth and mother of Glaucus. In the constellation of the Pleiades she is the seventh and the least visible star, because she is ashamed of having had intercourse with a mortal man.


Sisyphus, Sisyphos & Merope: Perseus Project


Heroes

Glaucus & Eurymede

He was the son of Sisyphus and father of Bellerephon, who was killed by his horses (Il. 6.154).


Glaucus (Glaukos). A son of Sisyphus, king of Corinth, by Merope, the daughter of Atlas, born at Potniae, a village of Boeotia. According to one account, he restrained his mares from having intercourse with the stallions; upon which Aphrodite inspired the former with such fury that they tore his body to pieces as he returned from the games which Adrastus had celebrated in honour of his father. Another version of the story makes them to have run mad after eating a certain plant at Potniae.
This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
Cited Sept 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks.



Bellerophon & Philonoe

He was the son of Glaucus (Il. 6.155), king and local hero of Corinth and master of the winged Pegasus. His original name was Hipponous. Pausanias mentions that he did not have the absolute power, but he was subject to Proetus (Paus. 2,4,2) and was banished from Corinth before he got married to Aethra from Troezen (Paus. 2,31, 9).


Bellerophon. Ambiguous hero and son of king Glaucus of Corinth. Bellerophon had sought protection with the king of Argos, Proetus, and his wife Antea or Stheneboea.
  The queen fell in love with the young man, but when he refused her, she told Proetus that he had tried to seduce her and that he must die for this. Proetus did not want to kill his protegee so he sent Bellerophon to his father-in-law Iobates In Lycia with a letter to kill the messenger. Iobates did not do it, though, because he was afraid that breaking the sacred institution of hospitality would upset Zeus.
  Instead, he sent the hero away to kill the fire-breathing monster Chimera, which Bellerophon did. He also defeated the Amazons and the Solymi, and with the help of Athena he managed to tame Pegasus. and Iobates gave him his daughter as prize.
  Bellerophon finally met his destiny trying to ride Pegasus to Mount Olympus. The horse threw him off and he ended his days gloomily wandering the earth.

This text is cited Sept 2003 from the In2Greece URL below.


Bellerophon or Bellerophontes, properly called Hipponous, was a son of the Corinthian king, Glaucus and Eurymede, and a grandson of Sisyphus. (Apollod. i. 9.3; Hom. il. vi. 155.) According to Hyginus (Fab. 157; comp. Pind. Ol. xiii. 66), he was a son of Poseidon and Eurymede. He is said to have received the name Bellerophon or Bellerophontes from having slain the noble Corinthian, Bellerus. (Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 17; Eustath. Hom.) Others related, that he had slain his own brother, Deliades, Peiren, or Alcimenes. (Apollod. ii. 3., &c.) In order to be purified from the murder, whichever it may have been, he fled to Proetus, whose wife Anteia fell in love with the young hero; but her offers being rejected by him, she accused him to her husband of having made improper proposals to her, and insisted upon his being put to death. Proetus, unwilling to kill him with his own hands, sent him to his father-in-law, Iobates, king in Lycia, with a sealed letter in which the latter was requested to put the young man to death. Iobates accordingly sent him to kill the monster Chimaera, thinking that he was sure to perish in the contest. Bellerophon mounted the winged horse, Pegasus, and rising up with him into the air, killed the Chimaera from on high with his arrows. Iobates, being thus disappointed, sent Bellerophon out again, first against the Solymi and next against the Amazons. In these contests too he was victorious; and when, on his return to Lycia, he was attacked by the bravest Lycians, whom Iobates had placed in ambush for the purpose, Bellerophon slew them all. Iobates, now seeing that it was hopeless to attempt to kill the hero, shewed him the letter he had received from Proetus, gave him his daughter (Philonoe, Anticleia, or Cassandra) for his wife, and made him his successor on the throne. Bellerophon became the father of Isander, Hippolochus, and Laodameia. Here Apollodorus breaks off the story; and Homer, whose account (vi. 155-202) differs in some points from that of Apollodorus, describes the later period of Bellerophon's life only by saying, that he drew upon himself the hatred of the gods, and, consumed by grief, wandered lonely through the Aleian field, avoiding the paths of men. We must here remark with Eustathius, that Homer knows nothing of Bellerophon killing the Chimaera with the help of Pegasus, which must therefore be regarded in all probability as a later embellishment of the story. The manner in which he destroyed the Chimaera is thus described by Tzetzes (l. c.): he fixed lead to the point of his lance, and thrust it into the fire-breathing mouth of the Chimaera, who was accordingly killed by the molten lead. According to others, Bellerophon was assisted by Athena Chalinitis or Hippia. (Paus. ii. 1.4; Pind. l. c.; Strab. viii.) Some traditions stated, that he attempted to rise with Pegasus into heaven, but that Zeus sent a gad-fly, which stung Pegasus so, that he threw off the rider upon the earth, who became lame or blind in consequence. (Pind. Isth. vii. 44; Schol. ad Pind. Ol. xiii. 130; Horat. Carm. iv. 11. 26.) A peculiar story about Bellerophon is related by Plutarch. (De Virt. Mul.) Bellerophon was worshipped as a hero at Corinth, and had a sanctuary near the town in the cypress grove, Craneion. (Paus. ii. 2.4.) Scenes of the story of Bellerophon were frequently represented in ancient works of art. His contest with the Chimaera was seen on the throne of Amyclae (ii. 18.7), and in the vestibule of the Delphic temple. (Eurip. Ion, 203.) On coins, gems, and vases he is often seen fighting against the Chimaera, taking leave of Proetus, taming Pegasus or giving him to drink, or falling from him. But, until the recent discoveries in Lycia by Mr. Fellows, no representation of Bellerophon in any important work of art was known; in Lycian sculptures, however, he is seen riding on Pegasus and conquering the Chimaera.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Sep 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Bellerophon or Bellerophontes. Son of Glaucus of Corinth (or, according to another account, of Poseidon), and grandson of Sisyphus. His proper name is said to have been Hipponous; the name Bellerophontes implies that he was the slayer of some now unknown monster. In later times his name was wrongly explained as the slayer of a certain Corinthian, Bellerus, on account of which he was supposed to have fled to Proetus at Tiryns or Corinth. The wife of Proetus, Anteia (or Stheneboea), fell in love with the beautiful youth; he was deaf to her entreaties; she slandered him to her husband, who resolved on his destruction. He sent Bellerophon to Lycia, to his father-in-law Iobates, with a tablet in cipher, begging him to put the bearer to death. Iobates first commissioned Bellerophon to destroy the fire-breathing monster Chimaera, a task which he executed with the help of his winged horse Pegasus.
Thereupon, after a fierce battle, he conquered the Solymi and the Amazons, on his return slew in ambush all the boldest among the Lycians, and Iobates now recognized his divine origin, kept him with him, and gave him half of his kingdom and his daughter to wife. The children of this marriage were Isander, Hippolochus, the father of Glaucus and Laodamia, and the mother of Sarpedon by Zeus. Afterwards Bellerophon was hated by all the gods, and wandered about alone, devouring his heart in sorrow. His son Isander was killed by Ares in battle against the Solymi, while Laodamia was sacrificed to the wrath of Artemis. This is the Homeric version; but, according to Pindar, Bellerophon's high fortune made him so overweening that he wished to mount to heaven on Pegasus. Zeus, however, drove the horse wild with a gadfly, and Bellerophon fell and came to a miserable end. He was honoured as a hero in Corinth, an enclosure being consecrated to him in the cypress grove of Craneion.
This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
Cited Sept 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks.


Hipponous. The original name of Bellerophon, who changed it on slaying the Corinthian Bellerus.



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