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Homeric world (5)
Autolycus & Amphithea
Autolycus, was the son of Hermes, father of Anticlea by Amphithea (Od. 19.416) and grandfather of Odysseus (Il. 10.267, Od. 19.394).
Pausanias mentions that he was married to Neaera, daughter of Pereus, from the Mt. Cyllene (Paus. 8,4,6).
- Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Arcadia
Autolycus, (Autolukos). Son of Hermes and Chione, or (according
to another account) Philonis; father of Anticlea, the mother of Odysseus. In Greek
mythology he figured as the prince of thieves. From his father he inherited the
gift of making himself and all his stolen goods invisible, or changing them so
as to preclude the possibility of recognition. He was an accomplished wrestler,
and was said to have given Heracles instruction.
- Perseus: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
Sinopians themselves referred the foundation of their city to Autolycus, a companion of Heracles, and one of the Argonauts, to whom they paid heroic honours (Strab. l. c.) (see http://www.gtp.gr/AncientSinope )
- Autolycus: Perseus Encyclopedia
- Autolycus: : Perseus Lookup Tool, text search
Autolycus (Autolukos). A son of Hermes or Daedalion by Chione, Philonis, or Telauge.
(Apollod. i. 9.16; Hygin. Fab. 201; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 804.) He was the husband
of Neaera (Paus. viii. 4.3), or according to Homer (Od. xix. 394), of Amphithea,
by whom he became the father of Anticleia, the mother of Odysseus and Aesimus.
He had his residence on mount Parnassus, and was renowned among men for his cunning
and oaths. (Comp. Hygin. l. c.; Ov. Met. xi. 311.) Once when he came to Ithaca
as a guest, the nurse placed his newly-born grandson Odysseus on his knees, and
he gave the child the name Odysseus. Afterwards, when Odysseus was staying with
him, he was wounded by a boar during the chase on Parnassus, and it was by the
scar of this wound that Odysseus was subsequently recognized by his aged nurse,
when he returned from Troy
(Paus. x. 8.4; Ov. Met. xi. 295, & c.; Hygin. Fab. 200). Polymede, the mother
of Jason, was, according to Apollodorus, a daughter of this Autolycus, and the
same writer (ii. 4.9) not only describes him as the teacher of Heracles in the
art of wrestling, but mentions him among the Argonauts; the latter of which statements
arose undoubtedly from a confusion of this Autolycus with the Thessalian
of the same name. Autolycus is very famous in ancient story as a successful robber,
who had even the power of metamorphosing both the stolen goods and himself. (Hom.
Il. x. 267; Hygin. Fab. 201 ; Apollod. ii. 6.2; Strab. ix; Eustath. ad Hom. p.
408; Serv. ad Aen. ii. 79.)
This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited April 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith)
A mountain in Phocis, which is mentioned by Homer (Od. 19.432).