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Homeric world (16)
It is mentioned by Homer (Od. 15.295).
Gods & demigods
She was the mother of Aphrodite by Zeus (Il. 5.370).
Dione, a female Titan, a daughter of Oceanus and Tethys (Hesiod. Theog. 353), and, according
to others, of Uranus and Ge, or of Aether and Ge (Hygin. Fab. Praef.; Apollod.
i. 1.3). She was beloved by Zeus, by whom she became the mother of Aphrodite (Apollod.
i. 3. sec; i.; Hornm. Il. v. 370, &c.). When Aphrodite was wounded by Diomedes,
Dione received her daughter in Olympus, and pronounced the threat respecting the
punishment of Diomedes (Hom. Il. v. 405). Dione was present, with other divinities,
at the birth of Apollo and Artemis in Delos. (Hom. Hymn. in Del. 93). At the foot
of Lepreon, on the western coast of Peloponnesus, there was a grove sacred to
her (Strab. viii.), and in other places she was worshipped in the temples of Zeus
(Strab. vii.). In some traditions she is called the mother of Dionysus (Schol.
ad Pind. Pyth. iii. 177; Hesych. s. v. Bakchou Diones). There are three more mythical
personages of this name (Apollod. i. 2.7; Hygin. Fab. 83; Pherecyd.)
This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Dec 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Dione. A female Titan, loved by Zeus, by whom she became the mother of Aphrodite, who is hence called Dionaea and sometimes even Dione. Hence Caesar is called Dionaeus Caesar, because he claimed descent from Venus (Aphrodite).
- Perseus: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
- Dione: Perseus Lookup Tool, text search
- Dione: Perseus Lookup Tool
- Dione: Perseus Encyclopedia
- Theoi Project, a guide to Greek Goods, Spirits & Monsters
Greeks of the Homeric Catalogue of Ships
Arene participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships (Il. 2.591, 11.723).
The city of Aepy participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships. It belonged to the territory of Nestor (Il. 2.592).
Idas & Marpessa
He was the son of Aphareus, brother of Lynceus and father of Cleopatra by Marpessa, who was the daughter of Evenus (Il. 9.557-8, also see Paus. 4,2,7).
- Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Messenia
Idas, a son of Aphareus and Arene, the daughter of Oebalus, whence he and his brother
Lynceus are called Apharetides, or Aphareidae. He was married to Marpessa, and
became by her the father of Cleopatra or Alcyone (Hom. Il. ix. 556. &c.; Apollod.
iii. 10.3; Eustath. ad Hom.). His mother is also called Polydora, Laocoosa, or
Arne (Theocrit. xxii. 206; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 151; Tzetz. ad Lycoph.
511). His daughter was called Alcyone, because Marpessa was once carried off by
Apollo, and lamented over the separation from her beloved husband, as Alcyon had
once wept about Ceyx (Hom. Il. ix. 561; Paus. iv. 2.5). Idas carried off Marpessa,
the daughter of Evenus, for whose hand Apollo also was suing, and was assisted
by Poseidon, who gave him a winged chariot. Evenus, who pursued him, could not
overtake him, but Apollo found him in Messene, and took the maiden from him. The
two lovers fought for her possession, but Zeus separated them, and left the decision
with Marpessa, who chose Idas, from feat lest Apollo should desert her if she
grew old (Apollod. i. 7.8, &c.; Hom. Il. l. c.). The two brothers, Idas and Lynceus,
also took part in the Calydonian hunt (Apollod. i. 8. 2; Ov. Met. viii. 305),
and in the expedition of the Argonauts (Apollod. i. 9.16; Apollon. Rhod. i. 151,
&c.; Orph. Argon. 178). In the latter expedition Idas killed the boar which had
destroyed Idmon in the kingdom of Lycus (Hygin. Fab. 14), but when he attempted
to deprive Teuthras, king of Mysia, of his kingdom, he was conquered by Telephus
and Parthenopaeus (Hygin. Fab. 100). The most celebrated part of the story of
the Apharetidae is their fight with the Dioscuri, with whom they had grown up
from their childhood. Once, so the story runs, the Aphareidae and Dioscuri conjointly
carried off some herds from Arcadia, and Idas was requested to divide the booty
into equal parts. He thereupon divided a bull into four parts, declaring that
he who should have eaten his quarter first should have half the booty, and the
one who should finish his next should have the other half. Idas himself not only
devoured his own quarter, but also that of his brother, and then drove away the
whole herd into Messenia. The Dioscuri, however. dissatisfied with this mode of
proceeding, marched into Messenia, carried off the Arcadian oxen, together with
much other booty made in Messenia, and lay in ambush in a hollow oak tree to wait
for Idas and Lynceus. The latter, whose eves were so keen that he could see through
every thing, discovered Castor through the trunk of the oak, and pointed him out
to Idas, who killed him. Polydeuces, in order to avenge his brother, pursued them
and ran Lynceus through with his spear. Idas, in return, struck Polydeuces with
a stone so violently, that he fell and fainted; whereupon Zeus slew Idas with
a flash of lightning. (Apollod. iii. 11. 2; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 511, 549; Ov. Fast.
v. 700, &c.) This fight between the Aphareidae and the Dioscuri, which is placed
by some writers in Messenia, by others in Laconia, and by Ovid in the neighbourhood
of Aphidna, is related, with sundry variations, by Theocritus (xxii. 137, &c.),
Pindar (Nem. x. 60, &c.; comp. Paus. iv. 2.4, 13.1), and Hyginus (Fab. 80). The
tomb of the Aphareidae was shown at Sparta as late as the time of Pausanias (iii.
13.1), who, however, thinks that in reality they had been buried in Messenia,
where the fight had taken place. They were represented in a painting, together
with their father Aphareus, in a temple at Messene. (Paus. iv. 31,9). Idas alone
was represented on the chest of Cypselus in the act of leading Marpessa out of
the temple of Apollo, who had carried her off. (Paus. v. 18.1)
This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Jan 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Idas: Perseus Encyclopedia
- Marpessa: Perseus Encyclopedia
- Idas: Perseus Lookup Tool, text search
- Marpessa: Perseus Lookup Tool, text search
The son of Aphareus, was among the hunters of the Caledonian boar, and was also one of the Argonauts. According to the old legend, he was so sharp-sighted as to have been able to see through the earth, and also to distinguish objects at the distance of many miles. He was slain by Pollux. (See Dioscuri.)
- Lynceus: Perseus Encyclopedia
Idas and Lynceus (Lunkeus). The sons of Aphareus of Messenia and of Arene; two
brothers as heroic and inseparable as their cousins Castor and Pollux (Polydeuces).
The nymph Marpessa, daughter of the Acarnanian river-god Euenus, was wooed by
Apollo, when Idas carried her off in a winged chariot given him by Poseidon. When
Apollo overtook the fugitives in Messenia, Idas, who was then the strongest of
living men ( Hom. Il.ix. 556), stretched his bow against Apollo. Zeus interposed
and gave the girl her choice of suitors; she decided in favour of the mortal,
as she feared that Apollo would desert her. After that the god detested her; and
both she and her beautiful daughter Cleopatra or Alcyone, wife of Meleager, and
also their daughter, all died young, and brought misfortune on those that loved
them. Idas and Lynceus, who could see even into the heart of the earth, joined
in the Calydonian hunt and the Argonautic expedition. They met their deaths fighting
Castor and Pollux, with whom they had been brought up. As they were all returning
from a raid into Arcadia, Idas was appointed to divide the cattle they had captured;
he divided an ox into four portions and decided that whosoever devoured his portion
first was to have the first half of the spoil, and he who finished his next, the
second half. He finished his own and his brother's share first, and then drove
the cattle away. The Dioscuri were enraged and hid themselves from the brothers
in a hollow oak-tree; but the keen sight of Lynceus detected their lurking-place,
and Idas stabbed Castor in the tree. Thereupon Pollux pierced Lynceus through,
while Idas was slain by the lightning of Zeus. For another account of the origin
of the quarrel, see Dioscuri at ancient Amyclae.
This text is cited Jan 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
She was the daughter of Idas and Marpessa and wife of Meleager, that her parents called her Halcyone, because the lamentations of her mother for the abduction of Cleopatra by Apollo reminded of the grieved singing of the bird halcyon (= kingfisher) (Il. 9.556).
Place-names according to Homer
A spring near Chalcis, which is mentioned by Homer (Od. 15.295).