Homeric world AEGEAN SEA (Open sea (pelagos)) GREECE - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Homeric world (47)

Gods & demigods


Aegaeon (Aigaion), a son of Uranus by Gaea. Aegaeon and his brothers Gyges and Cottus are known under the name of the Uranids (Hes. Theog. 502, &c.), and are described as huge monsters with a hundred arms (hekatoncheires) and fifty heads (Apollod. i. 1.1; Hes. Theog. 149, &c.). Most writers mention the third Uranid under the name of Briareus instead of Aegaeon, which is explained in a passage of Homer (Il. i. 403, §c.), who says that men called him Aegaeon, but the gods Briareus. On one occasion when the Olympian gods were about to put Zeus in chains, Thetis called in the assistance of Aegaeon, who compelled the gods to desist from their intention (Hom. Il. i. 398, &c.). According to Hesiod (Theog. 154, &c. 617, &c.), Aegaeon and his brothers were hated by Uranus from the time of their birth, in consequence of which they were concealed in the depth of the earth, where they remained until the Titans began their war against Zeus. On the advice of Gaea Zeus delivered the Uranids from their prison, that they might assist him. The hundred-armed giants conquered the Titans by hurling at them three hundred rocks at once, and secured the victory to Zeus, who thrust the Titans into Tartarus and placed the Hecatoncheires at its gates, or, according to others, in the depth of the ocean to guard them (Hes. Theog. 617, &c. 815, &c.). According to a legend in Pansanias (ii. 1.6, ii. 4.7), Briareus was chosen as arbitrator in the dispute between Poseidon and Helios, and adjudged the Isthmus to the former and the Acrocorinthus to the latter. The Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius (i. 1165) represents Aegaeon as a son of Gaea and Pontus and as living as a marine god in the Aegean sea. Ovid (Met. ii. 10) and Philostratus (Vit. Apollon. iv. 6) like-wise regard him as a marine god, while Virgil (Aen. x. 565) reckons him among the giants who stormed Olympus, and Callimachus (Hymn. in Del. 141, &c.), regarding him in the same light, places him under mount Aetna. The Scholiast on Theocritus (Idyll. i. 65) calls Briareus one of the Cyclops. The opinion which regards Aegaeon and his brothers as only personifications of the extraordinary powers of nature, such as are manifested in the violent commotions of the earth, as earth-quakes, volcanic eruptions and the like, seems to explain best the various accounts about them.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Sep 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Nereus & Doris

God of the sea, son of Pontus and Gaea, father of the Nereids. Many ancient writers call him great prophet and wise old man, who revealed to Heracles, where the golden apples of the Hesperides were. In Homer his name is not mentioned but he is called "old man of the sea" (Il. 18.141).

Nereus, the eldest son of Pontus and Gaea, husband of Doris, daughter of Oceanus, father of fifty (according to a later account, a hundred) beautiful sea-nymphs, the Nereids. He is described as a venerable old man, of a kindly disposition towards mortals, and as dwelling in a resplendent cave in the depths of the Aegean. Like all gods of water, he had the gift of prophecy and of transforming himself into any shape he chose to assume. He was represented as an old man with the leaves of sea-weed for hair and a sceptre or trident. His daughters were likewise benevolent beings, well disposed to mortals (Il.xviii. 141; Odyss. xxiv. 58). The myths related of Nereus strongly suggest those told of Glaucus and Proteus.

Doris, a daughter of Oceanus and Thetis, and the wife of her brother Nereus, by whom she became the mother of the Nereides. (Apollod. i. 2.2; Hesiod. Theog. 240, &c.; Ov. Met. ii. 269). The Latin poets sometimes use the name of this marine divinity for the sea itself. (Virg. Eclog. x. 5). One of Doris's daughters, or the Nereides, likewise bore the name of Doris. (Hom. Il. xviii. 45)



The daughters of Nereus and Doris, who were 50 or 100 in number (Il. 18.52).


A Nereid (Il. 18.44).


A Nereid, that, according to posterior myths, was wife of Poseidon and mother of Triton (Od. 5.422, 12.60 & 97). The poet calls her "daughter of the sea" (Od. 4.404).


A Nereid (Il. 18.42).


A Nereid (Il. 10.513).


A Nereid (Il. 18.39).

Glauce, (Glauke). One of the Nereides, the name Glauce being only a personification of the color of the sea.


A Nereid (Il. 18.44).


A Nereid (Il. 18.43).

Dynamene: Perseus Encyclopedia


A Nereid (Il. 18.45). Daughter of Nereus & Doris.


A Nereid (Il. 18.43).

Doto: Perseus Encyclopedia


A Nereid (Il. 18.39).


A Nereid (Il. 18.40).


A Nereid (Il. 18.47).


A Nereid (Il. 18.47).


A Nereid (Il. 18.47).


A Nereid (Il. 18.39).


A Nereid (Il. 18.41).

   Cymothoe (Kumothoe). One of the Nereides, represented by Vergil as assisting the Trojans, with Triton, after the storm with which Aeolus, at the request of Iuno, had afflicted the fleet.

Cymothoe : Perseus Encyclopedia


A Nereid (Il. 18.41).


A Nereid (Il. 18.42).

Melite. A nymph, one of the Nereides, a daughter of Nereus and Doris.


A Nereid (Il. 18.46).


A Nereid (Il. 18.40).

Perseus Project


She was one of the daughters of Nereus and Doris mentioned by Homer (Il. 18.42).

Halie (Halia, Haliae)

One of the Nereides (Hom. Il. xviii. 42; Apollod. i. 2.6); but the plural, Haliae, is used as a name for marine nymphs in general. (Soph. Philoct. 1470; Callim. Hymn. in Dian. 13.)


A Nereid (Il. 18.48).


A Nereid (Il. 18.43).

Perseus Project


A Nereid (Il. 18.43).


A Nereid (Il. 18.48).


A Nereid (Il. 18.40).

Cymothoe : Perseus Encyclopedia

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