Homeric world ETHIOPIA (Country) EAST AFRICA - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 8 sub titles with search on: Homeric world for destination: "ETHIOPIA Country EAST AFRICA".

Homeric world (8)

Nations & tribes

Pigmy men

A mythical people of small-sized men, who, according to mythology, dwelt to the south near Ethiopia (Il. 3.6).


According to Homer, a group of them lived to the west and another to the east. The latter were presented as respectful and who sacrificed hecatombs to the gods and who were visited by them (Od. 1.22, 4.84, 5.282, Il. 1.423, 23.206).



He was the son of Tithonus by Dawn and king of Ethiopia, who came to Troy after Hector's death and slew Antilochus (Od. 4.187, 11.522).
Pausanias mentions that he marched from Ethiopia to Susa (Paus. 1,42,3).

   Memnon. The beautiful son of Tithonus and Eos (Aurora), was king of the Ethiopians, and came to the assistance of Priam towards the end of the Trojan War. He wore armour made for him by Hephaestus at the request of his mother. He slew Antilochus, the son of Nestor , but was himself slain by Achilles after a long and fierce combat. While the two heroes were fighting, Zeus weighed their fates, and the scale containing Memnon's sank. To soothe the grief of his mother, Zeus conferred immortality upon Memnon, and caused a number of birds to issue out of the funeral pile, which fought over the ashes of the hero. These birds were called Memnonides, and were said to have visited every year the tomb of the hero on the Hellespont. The Greeks gave the name of Memnonium and Memnonia to certain very ancient buildings and monuments in Europe and Asia, which they supposed to have been erected by or in honour of Memnon. Of these the most celebrated was a great temple of Thebes, behind which was a colossal statue (called the statue of Memnon, to Memnonion), which, when struck by the first rays of the rising sun, was said to give forth a sound like the snapping asunder of a chord. It appears, however, that the statue represented in reality the Egyptian king Amenophis. The citadel of Susa was also called Memnonion by the Greeks.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Memnon : Various WebPages



He came from Miletus in Crete and was a son of Merops. He was also the father of Aedon, the wife of Zethus, and friend of Tantalus (Od. 19.519, 20.66).

   Pandareos. A native of Miletus, the son of Merops, who stole from Minos of Crete a living dog made of gold, the work of Hephaestus, which was the guardian of the temple of Zeus, and gave it to Tantalus to keep it safely. When Zeus demanded the dog back, Pandareos fled with his wife Harmothoe to Sicily, where both were turned into stones. Of his two other daughters (Merope and Cleodora, or Camira and Clytea), Homer relates that they were brought up by Aphrodite after their early bereavement, and were endowed by Here with beauty and wisdom, by Artemis with lofty stature, and by Athene with skill in handiwork; but while their foster-mother went to Olympus to implore Zeus to grant the maidens happy marriages, they were carried off by the Harpies, and delivered to the Erinyes as servants, and thus expiated their father's guilt.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

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