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Catastrophes of the place
By Argives (468 BC)
Argos was so wholly deprived of men that their slaves took possession of all affairs,
ruling and governing until the sons of the slain men grew up. Then they recovered
Argos for themselves and cast out the slaves; when they were driven out, the slaves
took possession of Tiryns by force. For a while they were at peace with each other;
but then there came to the slaves a prophet, Cleander, a man of Phigalea in Arcadia
by birth; he persuaded the slaves to attack their masters. From that time there
was a long-lasting war between them, until with difficulty the Argives got the
upper hand (about 468 BC).
The war ended in the destruction of Tiryns and Mycenae (Paus. v. 23.
3; vii. 25. 6; ii. 16. 5; 25. 8). An aggressive war on the part of Tiryns is only
conceivable if Argos was engaged elsewhere. Now about 472 Argos was allied to
Tegea against the Spartans (cf. ix. 35 n.), by whom the allies were defeated near
Tegea, but in the next great battle, fought by the Arcadians against the Spartans
at Dipaea (circ. 470), the Argives took no part. The suggestion seems probable
that Tiryns was encouraged to attack Argos by the battle of Tegea, and that the
Argives were absent from the field of Dipaea because they were fully occupied
in the siege of Tiryns, which was obstinately defended (Busolt, iii. 121 f.).
Possibly Mycenae too fell at this time (468 B. C.). More probably, however, it
was while Sparta was occupied with the Helot revolt after 464 B. C. (Diod. xi.
65); cf. Busolt, iii. 244; Meyer, iii, § 325. Neither city was left so completely
desolate as Strabo (372) implies, as is proved by remains at Mycenae (Frazer,
iii. 97 f.). Tirynthians found refuge at Halieis (viii. 137. 2 n.).
This extract is from: Herodotus. The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920), Cambridge. Harvard University Press. Cited June 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.
- Perseus: Strabo, Geography
- W. W. How, J. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus
- Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley)
Participation in the fights of the Greeks
Battle of Plataea
. . . after them two hundred men of Lepreum, then four hundred from Mycenae and Tiryns, and next to them one thousand from Phlius.
- Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Elis
- Perseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)
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