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Listed 3 sub titles with search on: History for wider area of: "IERA POLIS MESSOLONGIOU Municipality ETOLOAKARNANIA" .


History (3)

Greek Revolution (1821-1829)

Official pages

  The first residents must have been fishermen. In 1204 this island was given to the Venetians. Then, from 1370 to 1821, it belonged successively to lord Boua, lord Spata, lord Griva, the Venetians, the Turks, Morozini and to the Turks.

This text is cited December 2004 from the West Greece Region General Secretariat URL below, which contains images.


  Messolongi it is the sacred town of the immortal heroes, a town of freedom and it is very picturesque.
  It becomes known in history in the 16th century just before the sea battle of Nafpaktos on 7 October 1571. During the pre-Christian period in this area of Messolongi there were 3 ancient towns. They were Kalidona, which is now Evinohori, Plevrona, now called Castle of Kira-Rini and Alikirna which is now Hilia Spitia built just below the historical Monastery of St. Simeon.
  The inhabitants were fishermen and Dalmatian pirates living in straw huts positioned in the lakes of the gulf of Patra. Later on the area was called Mezzo Langhi by the Italians which means "between the lakes".
  Messolongi played a very important role during the Greek uprising. In 1822 the Turks tried to take it but were unsuccessful. Four years later the inhabitants of Messolongi unfortunately succumbed to the Turks, who surrounded the Town and on 10 April 1826 they decided on the mass Exodus of Messolongi. Unfortunately their plan was betrayed to the Turks by someone and the consequences were tragic .
  Messolongi fell but its history stands high and illuminates hearts throughout the ages.
  In 1829 Messolongi was liberated from the Turks and started again to flourish. In 1835 they appointed a mayor and in 1937 the government decided unanimously to name it the Sacred Town of Greece .

This text is cited December 2004 from the West Greece Region General Secretariat URL below, which contains images.


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