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Biographies (18)


Dionysius of Charax

CHARAX (Ancient city) TAVRIS
Dionysius. Of Charax, in Susiana on the Arabian gulf, lived in the time of Augustus, who sent him to the east that he might record all the exploits of his grandson on his Parthian and Arabian expedition. (Plin. H. N vi. 31.)

Literary figures



SKYTHIA (Ancient country) RUSSIA
Anacharsis, a Scythian of princely rank, according to Herodotus (iv. 76), the son of Gnurus, and brother of Saulius, king of Thrace; according to Lucian (Scytha) the son of Daucetas. He left his native country to travel in pursuit of knowledge, and came to Athens just at the time that Solon was occupied with his legislative measures. He became acquainted with Solon, and by the simplicity of his way of living, his talents, and his acute observations on the institutions and usages of the Greeks, he excited general attention and admiration. The fame of his wisdom was such, that he was even reckoned by some among the seven sages. Some writers affirmed, that after having been honoured with the Athenian franchise, he was initiated into the Eleusinian mysteries. According to the account in Herodotus, on his return to Thrace, he was killed by his brother Saulius, while celebrating the orgies of Cybele at Hylaca. Diogenes Laertius gives a somewhat different version--that he was killed by his brother while hunting. He is said to have written a metrical work on legislation and the art of war. Cicero (Tusc. Disp. v. 32) quotes from one of his letters, of which several, though of doubtful authenticity, are still extant. Various sayings of his have been preserved by Diogenes and Athenaeus. (Herod. iv. 46, 76, 77; Plut. Sol. 5, Conviv. Sept. Sapient.; Diog. Laert. i. 101, &c.; Strab. vii.; Lucian, Scytha and Anacharsis; Athen. iv., x., xiv.; Aelian, V.H. v. 7)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Anacharsis. A Scythian prince, who came to Athens about B.C. 594 to pursue a course of study. He was a friend of Solon and a man of ability. On his return to his native land, he was killed by his brother Saulius. A number of aphorisms were ascribed to him, and he was said to have invented the bellows, the anchor, and the potter's wheel. A number of epistles of later date are falsely attributed to him.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Kropotkin, Peter Alekseyevich

, , 1842 - 1921

Another Visit To Peter Kropotkin

Emma Goldman, My Disillusionment in Russia

Avisit to Peeter Kropotkin, of Alexander Berkman

Kropotkin's letter To Lenin, 1920

Death and Funeral of Peter Kropotkin

Emma Goldman, My Disillusionment In Russia, (London: C. W. Daniel Company, 1925)

Kropotkin's collected works

The Conquest of Bread, by Peter Kropotkin

Bion, 325-255 B.C.

OLVIA (Ancient city) SARMATIA

Bion, a Scythian philosopher, surnamed Borysthenites, from the town of Oczacovia, Olbia, or Borysthenes, near the mouth of the Dnieper, lived about B. C. 250, but the exact dates of his birth and death are uncertain. Strabo (i.) mentions him as a contemporary of Eratosthenes, who was born B. C. 275. Laertius (iv. 46, &c.) has preserved an account which Bion himself gave of his parentage to Antigonus Gonatas, king of Macedonia. His father was a freedman, and his mother, Olympia, a Lacedaemonian harlot, and the whole family were sold as slaves, on account of some offence committed by the father. In consequence of this, Bion fell into the hands of a rhetorician, who made him his heir. Having burnt his patron's library, he went to Athens, and applied himself to philosophy, in the course of which study lie embraced the tenets of almost every sect in succession. First he was an Academic and a disciple of Crates, then a Cynic, afterwards attached to Theodorus, the philosopher who carried out the Cyrenaic doctrines into the atheistic results which were their natural fruit, and finally he became a pupil of Theophrastus, the Peripatetic. He seems to have been a man of considerable intellectual acuteness, but utterly profligate, and a notorious unbeliever in the existence of God. His habits of life were indeed avowedly infamous, so much so, that he spoke with contempt of Socrates for abstaining from crime. Many of Bion's dogmas and sharp sayings are preserved by Laertius : they are generally trite pieces of morality put in a somewhat pointed shape, though hardly brilliant enough to justify Horace in holding him up as the type of keen satire, as he does when he speaks of persons delighting Bioneis scrmonibus et sale nigro. (Epist. ii. 2. 60.) Examples of this wit are his sayings, that "the miser did not possess wealth, but was possessed by it," that "impiety was the companion of credulity," "avarice the metropolis of vice," that "good slaves are really free, and bad freemen really slaves," with many others of the same kind. One is preserved by Cicero (Tusc. iii. 26), viz. that "it is useless to tear our hair when we are in grief, since sorrow is not cured by baldness." He died at Chalcis in Euboea. We learn his mother's name and country from Athenaeus (xiii., f. 592, a.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Sep 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

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