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Listed 7 sub titles with search on: Biographies  for wider area of: "MAGNESIA ON MEANDROS Ancient city TURKEY" .

Biographies (7)



   A Greek orator, born in Magnesia on Mount Sipylus in the first half of the third century B.C. He was the founder of what was termed the Asiatic style of oratory.

Hegesias. A native of Magnesia, who addicted himself to rhetoric and history. There is some reason for supposing that he wrote not later than Timaeus of Tauromenium, and lived about the time of Ptolemaeus Lagi, in the early part of the third century B. C. Strabo (xiv.) speaks of him as the founder of that degenerate style of composition which bore the name of the Asiatic, though lie professed to be an imitator of Lysias and Charisius. Cicero and Dionysius of Halicarnassus agree in thinking the man himself a thorough blockhead, and in describing his style as utterly destitute of vigour and dignity, consisting chiefly of childish conceits and minute prettinesses. (Cic. Brut. 83, Orat. 67, 69 ; Dionys. de Compos. Verb. 4, 18.) Specimens of his style are given by Dionysius and by Photius (Cod. 250., ed. Bekker.) Varro had rather an admiration for it. (Cic. ad Att. xii. 6.) The history of Alexander the Great was the theme which he selected to dilate upon in his peculiar fashion. As regards the subject-matter of his history, Gellius (ix. 4) classes him with those writers who deal rather plentifully in the marvellous. Plutarch (Alex. 3) makes rather a clumsy pun in ridicule of a joke of his about Diana not being at liberty to come to the protection of her temple at Ephesus, when it was set on fire on the day on which Alexander the Great was born. (Fabric. Bibl. Gracec. vol. iii., vol. ii.; Voss. de Hist. Gr., ed. Westermann; Ruhnken, ad Rutil. Lup. i. 7.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks




Bathykles (Bathukles), a celebrated artist of Magnesia on the Maeander (Heyne, Antiq. A fs. i.), the head of a band of artists of the same town, who constructed for the Lacedaemonians the colossal throne of the Amyclaean Apollo, covered with a great number of bas-reliefs, and supported and surmounted by statues. This throne, the most considerable work of art of the period, was destined for a statue of Apollo, which was of a much earlier date, and consisted of a brazen pillar, thirty cubits high, to which a head, arms, and the extremities of the feet were affixed. Accordingly this statue was standing on the throne, and not sitting like that of Zeus at Olympia, however strange the combination of a chair and a man standing on it must have looked. Pausanias (iii. 18.6) gives a minute description of the throne, or rather of the sculptures upon it, according to which Quatremere de Quincy undertook to restore it, and gave a picture of it in his "Jupiter Olympien," on the accuracy of which we cannot of course rely at all, considering the indistinctness with which Pausanias speaks of the shape of the throne. It is not even certain whether the throne was constructed of wood, and covered with golden and ivory plates to receive the bas-reliefs, or wrought in any other material. (K. O. Muller, Handb. d. Archaol.) The same doubts exist as to its height, which Quatremere fixes at thirty cubits, Welcker at fifty. (Welcker, Zeitschrift fur Gesch. d. alt. Kunst, i.) Of the age of Bathycles we have no definite statements of the ancient writers. However, all modern scholars (Winckelmann, Bottiger, Voss, Quatremere, Welcker, Sillig) except Thiersch agree, that he must have flourished about the time of Solon, or a little later. Thiersch was evidently wrong (Epochen, Anm.) when he placed Bathycles as early as 01. 29, relying mostly on a passage of Pausanias (iii. 18.6), which however is far from being decisive. (Voss, Myth. Briefe, ii.; Sillig, Catal. Artiff. s. v.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Sep 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

   Bathycles, (Bathukles). A celebrated artist, supposed to have been a native of Magnesia on the Maeander. The period when he flourished has given rise to much discussion. It was probably in the age of Croesus.

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